Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer


Vol. 9 No. 1 (2010)


December 6, 2016


It has been more than a half decade that the very destructive tsunami hit Banda Aceh, the capital city of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province, located at the northern part of Sumatra Island. So far the urban planning and development in the city is focusing on reconstruction and rehabilitation, which can be absolutely understandable considering the devastating impact of tsunami at that time, however as the time passes by, a new intention has to be created to the conservation effort not only to uphold the value that Aceh once had, but also as an attraction to boost tourism.

The paper argues that, despites some challenges in the interpretation and institution side, Puenayong would be the suitable place for conservation in Banda Aceh. Peunayong old shop-houses still retain the heritage architectural value. The long history of the area and the typical old Chinese architectural type of shop-houses make the area just the place for conservation. The regular maintenance by the owner such as painting, cleaning, and other efforts to protect old materials from decay have enabled this old shop-houses still stand at its architectural value today. As the economic value of the area is now increasing, reuse strategy could be used to maintain the character and the architectural value of the shop-houses and at the same time enhancing the environment quality of the site for tourist attraction.


  1. Abel, Chris.(1994). Localisation versus globalisation, The Architectural Review, September.
  2. Act No. 5 of 1992 of the Republic of Indonesia Concerning Cultural Object.
  3. ADB- Asian Development Bank (2005). Progress Report. Indonesia: ADB's Emergency Assistance Program for Aceh and North Sumatra, available from
  4. Assessed on 25 April 2010.
  5. Ahmad, Ghafar (1994). The Architectural style of the Peranakan Cina. Paper presented at Minggu Warisan Baba dan Nyonya , Universiti Sains Malaysia , December 3, 1994 available from
  6. conservation/SeminarPaper/peranakan%20cina. html , Assesed on 13 August 2009.
  7. Alfian, Ibrahim (2004). Wajah Aceh Dalam Lintasan Sejarah, Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Aceh, Banda Aceh.
  8. Ali, Abdullah, (eds) (1985). Sejarah Perjuangan Rakyat Aceh : Dalam Perang Kemerdekaan 1945-1949, Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Aceh, Banda Aceh.
  9. Arif, A, Kamal (2006). Ragam Citra Kota Banda Aceh : Interpretasi Terhadap Memori Kolektif dan Arketipe Arsitekturnya. Unpublished PhD thesis at Parahiyangan Catholic University.
  10. Ashworth, G. J. (1991). Heritage Planning: Conservation as the Management of Urban Change, Geo Pers, Groningen, The Netherlands.
  11. Badan Pengembangan Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Deputi Bidang Peletarian dan Pengembangan Budaya Suaka Peninggalan Sejarah dan
  12. Purbakala Provinsi NAD dan Sumatera Utara (2002). Laporan Pendataan Inventarisasi dan Dokumentasi Benda Cagar Budaya Peninggalan Kolonial di Kabupaten Aceh Besar dan Kota Banda Aceh (Documentation and Inventory of Colonial Heritage Assets in Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar), Banda Aceh, Bagian Proyek P3SP NAD dan Sumut
  13. Basry, Muhamad Hasan and Ibrahim Alfian (eds) (1990). The Dutch Colonial War in Aceh, Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Aceh (PDIA), Banda Aceh.
  14. Biro Administrasi Pembangunan Aceh, Map of Peunayong Banda Aceh, available from, Assessed on 26 April 2010.
  15. Casal, S, Maris (2003). The adaptive re-use of buildings: remembrance or oblivion?, Proceedings of the international scientific symposium in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, International Council on Monuments and Sites.
  16. Chada, Ashish (2006). Ambivalent heritage: between affect and ideology in a colonial cemetery. In Journal of Material Culture, Vol. 11 (3), pp. 339-363, Sage Publication.
  17. Chang, C, T. (1997). Heritage as a tourism commodity: traversing the tourist-local divide" . In Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Volume 18 (1), pp 46-68.
  18. Chang, C,T. (1996). Urban heritage tourism, the global-local nexus. In Annals of Tourism Research, Volume 23 (2).
  19. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), The Department of Defense, the United States Government, 2005, Output of the Cultural Simulation Model, a Window of Opportunity for Aceh, Indonesia Post-Tsunami: Historic
  20. Continuity, Current Points of Interest, and a Pattern, Indasea Inc, Kula Available from, Assessed on 23 Mei 2007.
  21. Dewi, C. (2007). Urban Heritage Conservation for Tourism Development: Lessons Learned of Heritage Reuse for Tourism from Groningen to Banda Aceh, unpublished Master Thesis at Groningen University, Groningen,
  22. the Netherlands.
  23. Graham, B; Ashworth, G, J and Tunbridge, J, E, A. (2000). Geography of Heritage: Power, Culture and Economy, Arnold, London.
  24. Group Captain Ted Prencel,Australia -Air Force (2003). Colonial legacies and their impact on development: The cases of Indonesia and Malaysia, Shedden Papers (a collection of essays by course members of the Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies published bi-annually.) Available from, Assesed on 5 December 2009.
  25. Hadinoto (2009). Perkembangan Arsitektur Tionghoa di Indonesia, in Peranakan Tionghoa Indonesia : Sebuah Perjalanan Sejarah, Komunitas Lintas-Budaya Indonesia, Intisari, Jakarta.
  26. Halim, Deddy (2005). Psikologi Arsitektur (Psychology of Architecture), Grasindo, Jakarta.
  27. Home, Robert (1989). Of Planting and Planning : the making of British Colonial Cities, E&FN Sponn, an imprint of Chopman and Hall, Lodon, UK.
  28. Horde, Golden, ny, Hubungan Sejarah Aceh & Tiongkok, Budaya Tionghua,, assessed 29 Mei 2009.
  29. Kamal, Kamarul S. (2008). Categories and Styles of Shophouses and Townhouses in Malacca and George Town, Malaysia. Available from assesed on 29 August 2009.
  30. Khoo Joo Ee (1998). The Straits Chinese : A Cultural History, The Pepin Press, the Netherlands.
  31. Koh-Lim Wen Gim (1989). in Robert Home 1989 Of Planting and Planning : the making of British Colonial Cities, E&FN Spon.
  32. Kusno, Abidin (2000). Behind the Postcolonial : Architecture, Urban Space, and Political Cultures in Indonesia, Routledge, New York, USA.
  33. Larkham, Peter, J. (1996). Conservation and the City, Routledge, London.
  34. Leumik, Harun Keuchik (2008). Potret Sejarah Banda Aceh, Toko Mas dan Souvenir H.Harun Keuchik Leumik, Banda Aceh.
  35. Lombard, Denys (1991). Kerajaan Aceh : Jaman Sultan Iskandar Muda (1607-1636), Balai Pustaka, Jakarta.
  36. Manguin, Pierre-Yves (1999). Demografi dan Tata Perkotaan di Aceh Pada Abad 16 Data Baru Menurut Sebuah Buku Pedoman Portugis Tahun 1584 in Panggung Sejarah : Persembahan kepada Prof. Dr. Denys Lombard,
  37. edited by Henri Chambert-Loir and Hasan MuarifAmbary, Ecole Francaise d'Extreme-Orient, Pusat Penelitian Arkeologi Nasional, Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta
  38. Martokusumo, M. (2000). Urban heritage conservation in Indonesia: experience from inner-city of Bandung and Jakarta Kota, Paper presented at the International Workshop on "The Indonesian City Revisited" , Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden, The Netherlands, 6-8 December.
  39. Martokusumo, W. (2006). Urban heritage conservation and "the modern project" . Paper Presented at the 6th Tokyo "Our Modern-re-appropriating Asia's Urban Heritage" 1-5 November, Japan.
  40. McCall. G.J and Simmons.J.L. (1996). Identities and Interactions, The Free Press, New York, Coller-Macmillan Limited, London.
  41. Munawiah (2007). Birokrasi Kolonial di Aceh 1903-1942,Ar-Raniry Press, BandaAceh andAK Group Yogyakarta.
  42. Nasser, N. (2003). Planning for Urban Heritage Places: Reconciling Conservation, Tourism, and Sustainable Development. In Journal of Planning Literature, Volume 17 (4), pp 467-479, Sage Publications.
  43. Nuryanti, W. (1996). Heritage and postmodern tourism. In Annals of Tourism Research, Volume 23 (2).
  44. Orbasli, Aylin (2000), Tourist in Historic Towns: Urban Conservation and Heritage Management, E & FN SPON, London and New York.
  45. Pasifikus, Ahok. (1988). Kembalinya Pengusaha Cina di Banda Aceh in Perdagangan, Pengusaha Cina, dan Perilaku Pasar, Pustaka Grafika Kita, Jakarta.
  46. Poria, Y; Butler, R; and Airey, D, 2003, "The Core of Heritage Tourism" , In Annals of Tourism Research, (Volume 30, Number 1), pp 238-254.
  47. Prijotomo, Josef, "When West Meets East: One Century ofArchitecture in Indonesia (1890s-1990s)" , in Architronic, available from Assed on 20 Maret 2009.
  48. Rath, Amanda, ny, Cultural Sublimation: the museumizing of Indonesia, University of Hawai'i at Manoa.
  49. Said, Mohammad (1981). Aceh Sepanjang Abad, Percetakan dan Penerbitan Waspada, Medan.
  50. Sayers, D. (1989). Interpretation : a key to tourism and conservation expansion in developing countries. In Heritage Interpretation : The Natural and Built Environment (vol I), Uzzell, ed., pp 165-170, London, Belhaven.
  51. Silver, Christopher (2008). Planning the Megacity : Jakarta in the Twentieth Century, Routledge, New York.
  52. Sina English (2009). Fri, February 13, 2009, Indonesian BRR to finish reconstruction in Aceh Nias in April, available from, assessed on 27 April 2010.
  53. Sofyan, Ismail (eds) (1977). The Dutch Colonial War in Aceh, Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Aceh (PDIA).
  54. Sutrisna, Deni SS, ny , Peunayong, Kampung Lama Etnis Cina Di Kota Banda Aceh, Karya Tulis Para Peneliti Balai Arkeologi Medan available from assessed on 2 januari 2009.
  55. Tiesdell, S; Taner Oc, and Heath, T. (1996). Revitalizing Historic Urban Quarters, Butterworth-Heinemann, London.
  56. Tsai Yen-ling (2009). Through a Building Darkly: The story of the Teochiu Huikuan building in Medan provides insights into Chinese Indonesians' history of dispossession, Inside Indonesia, Copyright 1996-2009. available
  57. from assed on 8 April 2009.
  58. Usman, A, Rani. (2003). Sejarah Peradaban Aceh, Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.
  59. Usman, A, Rani. (2009). Etnis Cina Perantauan di Aceh, Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.
  60. Uzzell, D. (1989). Introduction: the natural and built environmnent. In Uzzell, ed Heritage Interpretation : The Natural and Built Environment (Vol I) pp 1-15, London, Belhaven.
  61. Widayat, R. (2006). Spirit dari rumah gaya jengki ulasan tentang bentuk, estetika, dan makna, E Jurnal Petra Vol 4, No 2 (2006): Desember 2006, available from
  62. , assessed 25 April 2010
  63. Wijayakusuma, Hembing, H.M (2000). Muslim Tionghoa Cheng Ho : Misteri Perjalanan Muhibah di Nusantara, Pustaka Populer Obor, Jakarta.
  64. Winarso, H., Oetomo, A., Priyani, R., (2003). Pendekatan tourism business district dan partisipatif dalam pengembangan jalur wisata perkotaan, kasus jalur wisata Kota Jakarta. In Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan
  65. Kota, Vol 14, No 2.
  66. Yulianto Sumalyo (2002). Dutch colonial architecture and city development of Makassar" , Dimensi Teknik Arsitektur, Vol. 30 (1), Juli 2002, pp. 46 - 53.