SCIENTIFIC TOURISM POTENTIAL IN BANDUNG CITY
For years, Bandung city has been known and popular as a tourist destination.Various tourist attraction and activities have been developed so that it has attracted visitors from various community groups. One of the attractives and potentials tourism activities which could be developed is a scientific tourism. Although this type of tourism was formally introduced recently, but actually this type of tourism has been known in Indonesia for a long time, especially by students. As an educational city, Bandung is very potential to be a scientific tourist destination, not only for domestic tourists but also for foreign tourists. Scientific tourism can be grouped into three, namely 1) the tourism activities where tourism senses are more dominant than scientific sense, 2) tourism activities where scientific senses are more dominant than tourism sense, and 3) tourism activities where tourism attractions are relatively in balance with scientific elements. Among these three types of scientific tourism, the second type of scientific tourism was most often found in Bandung. Actually, the common problems frequently experienced by scientific tourism attraction, especially on the third type of scientific tourism that highlight the scientific aspects, was relatively low in the number of visitors. This figure proved a relatively low level of interest for community towards scientific tourism. Therefore efforts needed to be carried out to improve the scientific tourism attractions, thereby increasing public enthusiasm for scientific tourism. Strategy which was needed to develop a sustainable scientific tourism consisted of Tourism Attractions Development, Promotion, Management, and Supporting Strategies
Adriani, Yani (2012), Perception and Preference of Urban Community for
Bandung Tourism Development Planning. Final Project, Graduate Program in Tourism Planning, Schools of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Institute of Technology Bandung.
Alwi, Hasan (2002), Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Edisi ketiga. Balai Pustaka: Jakarta
Bandung City Tourism and Culture Agency (1997, 2006, 2011, 2012), Bandung Tourism Development Plan.
Dahlan, E. N. (2003), Forest Resources as a Science and Research Objects.
Graduate Program, Bogor Agricultural University.
Department of Education and Culture (2002), Dictionary of Indonesian
Language. Balai Pustaka Jakarta.
Geological Research and Development Centre (2001), Geotourism of Bandung and it surrounding areas.
Gie, The Liang (2000), Introduction to Philosophy of Science. Liberty
Goeldner, Charles R and J. R Brent Ritchi (2009), Tourism; Principles, Practices, Philosophies. Eleventh Edition. John Wiley and Sons.
Kodhyat (1996), Development of Alternative Tourism. Boards of Indonesian
Manktelow, James (2004), SWOT Analysis-Undestanding Strengths, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat, www.mindtools.com
Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy (2011, 2012), Statistics of Tourists 2010, 2011, 2012.
Ministry of Tourism and Culture (2006, 2010), Statistics of Tourists 2006, 2010.
Nasoetion, Andi Hakim (1999), Introduction to Philosophy of Science. Litera
Page, Stephen J and Michael Hall (2003), Managing Urban Tourism. Prentice
Pikiran Rakyat (2002), www.pikiran-rakyat.com, Monday, 4 November 2002.
Regional Development Planning Board of Bandung City (2006), Regional
Development Working Plan of Bandung City, 2006.
Regional Development Planning Board of Bandung City (2011), Spatial
Development Plan of Bandung City, 2011 – 2031.
Regional Development Planning Board of Bandung City/RDPBBC (2006).
Bandung Tourism Development Plan.
Regional Development Planning Board of West Java Province (2010), Spatial Development Plan of West Java Province.
Republic of Indonesia (2009), Regulation Number 10, Year 2009, Tourism.
Republic of Indonesia, Directorate General of Tourism (1993), Tourism Data and Statistics.
Republic of Indonesia, Ministry of Culture and Tourism (2006, 2010), Tourism Data and Statistics.
Rosyidie, Arief (1994), City Tour for Bandung Urban Tourism. Journal of
Regional and Urban Planning, January, Vol 9.1.
Scientific Tourism Course, www.planetativo.org
Scientific Tourism in Trieste, www.triestetourim.it
Scientific Tourism, www.sanluis.gov.ar
Space Tourism-How to Get to Space, www.spacefuture.com
Statistical Boards of Indonesia (2012), Visitors Arrival to Indonesia.
Statistical Bureau of Bandung City (2002, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012),
Bandung City in Numbers, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2011.
UNWTO (1999), Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, Department of Culture
and Tourism, Jakarta.
UNWTO (2011), UNWTO Annual Report 2011.
Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 1202.
World Tourism Organisation (1998, 2000, 2011, 2012), Annual Report.
Yoeti, Oka A. (1996), Introduction to Tourism. Angkasa Bandung.
Yudiawan, (2008), Study of Traffic Congestion in Bandung City. Script
Undergraduate Program in Education, Indonesian University of Education,
Scientific Tourism, Food, and Nature (2010), Definition of Scientific Tourism.
http://www.owt.or.id /index.php/en/article/build-ecotourism/ market-travelfiction).
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.