URBAN TOURISM IN MALAYSIA AND THE CONTEXT OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
This paper highlights aspects of urban tourism in developing countries and the nature of its existence. The discussion gives a focus to the context ofurban tourism in Southeast Asia, specifically, perspectives on tourism development in the cities of Malaysia. Tourism development in the cities of Malaysia can be viewed in two stages, which are after independence (after 1957) and after tourism came of age (post 1990). Both of the stages influenced on how tourism has been perceived in Malaysian cities. The discussion concludes with the implications oftourism in Malaysia cities within the context of Southeast Asia as a means to provide insights into urban tourism in developing countries. Therefore, the question of how the concept of urban tourism applies to the cities of developing countries can be considered.
Ahmad, A.G. (1998). Urban tourism in Malaysia: Heritage cities of Georgetown, Malacca and Kota Bahru. Paper presented at the 2" International Seminar on European Architecture and Town Planning Outside Europe (Dutch Period), Melaka, Malaysia, 2-5 November 1998.
Ashworth, GJ. (1989). Urban tourism: An imbalance in intention. In Cooper, C.P (ed.), Progress in Tourism, Recreation and Hospitality Management, pp. 33-54: London: Belhaven Press.
Ashworth, GJ. (1992). Is there urban tourism? Tourism Recreation Research, 17(2): 3-8.
Begin, S. (2000). The geography of a tourist business: Hotel distribution and urban development Xianmen, China. Tourism Geographies, 2(4): 448-471.
Carolyn, C. (2001). Image Melaka's global heritage. In Teo, P., Chang T.C. and Ho K.C. (eds.) Interconnected Worlds: Tourism in Southeast Asia, pp. 193-212. UK: Elsevier Science Ltd.
Douglas, N. & Douglas, N. (2000). Tourism in South and Southeast Asia. In Hall, C.M. and Page, S. (eds.), Tourism in South and Southeast Asia: Issues and Cases, pp. 29-44. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
Hall C.M. and Page S. (2002). The Geography of Tourism and Recreation: Environment, Place and Space (2" ed.). London: Routledge.
Hall, C.M. and Page, S. (2000). Introduction: Tourism in South and Southeast Asia — region and context. In Hall,
C.M. and Page, S. (eds.), Tourism in South and Southeast Asia: Issues and
Cases, pp. 3-28. Oxford: Butterworth- Heinemann
Hamzah, A. (2002). The concept of urban tourism. Paper presented at the Seminar of The Roles of Government Agencies on Urban Tourism, Kota Kinabalu City Hall, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia, 29-30 January 2002.
Harrison, D. (2001). Tourism and less developed countries: key issues. In
Harrison, D. (ed.), Tourism and Less Developed: Issues and Case Studies, pp. 23-46. UK: CABI Publishing.
Hassan, A.S., Badarulzaman, N., Ahmad, A.G, Mohamed, B. (2002). Adaptive re-use of old buildings for heritage hotels: Prospects and challenges in the Malaysian tourism industry. In Wober H.W. (ed.), City Tourism 2002: Proceedings of European Cities Tourism 's International Conference in Vienna, Austria, pp. 112-122. Austria: Springer Wien New York.
Ismail, H. and Baum, T. (2004). A place for tourism in cities of Malaysia: A case of Melaka (Malacca) City. In Proceedings of Tourism State of the Art II, Glasgow.
Ismail, H., Baum, T. and Kokkranikal, J. (2003). Urban tourism in developing countries: A case of Malaysia. In Proceedings of Travel and Tourism Research Association - Europe: Urban Tourism - Mapping the Future, Glasgow, pp. 109-122.
Jansen-Verbeke, M. (1986). Inner-city tourism: resources, tourists and promoters. Annals of Tourism Research, 13: 79-100.
Jansen-Verbeke, M. (1992). Urban recreation and tourism: physical planning issues. Tourism Recreation Research, 17(2): 33-45.
Judd, D.R. (1995). Promoting tourism in US cities. Tourism Management, 16(3): 175-187.
Judd, D.R. and Fainstein, S.S. (eds) (1999). The Tourist City. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Jutla, R.S. (2000). Visual image of the city: tourists' versus residents' perception of Simla, a Hill Station in Northern India. Tourism Geographies, 2(4): 404-420.
Khalifah, Z. and Tahir, S. (1997). Malaysia: tourism in perspective. In Go, F.M. and Jenkins, C.L. (eds.), Tourism and Economic Development in Asia and Australasia, pp. 176-196. London: Cassell.
King, V.T. (1993). Tourism and culture in Malaysia. In Hitchcock, M., King, T. and Parnwell M.J.G. (eds.) Tourism in South-East Asia, pp. 99-114. London: Routledge.
Kotler, P., Hamlin, M.A., Rein, I., and Haider, D.H. (2002). Marketing Asian Places: Attracting Investment, Industry, and Tourism to Cities, States and Nations. Singapore: John Wiley & Son (Asia) Pte Ltd.
Law, C.M. (1991). Tourism as a focus for urban regeneration. In Hardy, S.,
Hart, T. Shaw, T. (eds.), The Role of Tourism in the Urban and Regional Economy, pp. 11-18. London: Regional Studies Association.
Law, C.M. (2002). Urban Tourism: The Visitor Economy and the Growth of Large City (2' ed.). London: Continuum.
Law, C.M. (ed.) (1996). Tourism in Major Cities. London: International Thomson Business Press.
Mazanez, J.A. (ed.) (1997). International City Tourism: Analysis and Strategy. London: Pinter.
MOCAT (Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism Malaysia) (1991). Malaysia National Tourism Policy Study: Tourism Product Sectoral Report. MOCAT: Kuala Lumpur.
Mullins, P. (1999). International tourism and the cities of Southeast Asia. In Judd, D.R. and Fainstein, S.S. (eds.), The Tourist City, pp. 245-260. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Murphy, P. (ed.) (1997). Quality Management in Urban Tourism. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Musa, G (2000). Tourism in Malaysia. In Hall, C.M. and Page, S. (eds.), Tourism in South and Southeast Asia: Issues and Cases, pp. 144-156. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
Oppermann, M. (1992). Intranational tourist flows in Malaysia. Annals of Tourism Research, 19: 482-500.
Oppermann, M. (1993). Tourism space in developing countries. Annals of Tourism Research, 20: 535-556.
Oppermann, M. and Chon, K-S. (1997). Tourism in Developing Countries. London: International Thomson Business Press.
Oppermann, M., Din, K. and Amri, S. (1996). Urban hotel location and evolution in developing country: The case of Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. Tourism Recreation Research, 21(1): 55-63.
Page, S. (1995). Urban Tourism. London: Routledge.
Page, S. and Hall C.M. (2003). Managing Urban Tourism. London: Pearson Education Ltd.
Pearce, D.G (2001). An integrative framework for urban tourism research. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(4): 926-946.
Rogerson, C.M. (2002). Urban tourism in the developing world: The case of Johannesburg. Development Southern Africa, 19(1): 171-190.
Shaw G and Williams, A.M. (2002). Critical Issues in Tourism: A Geographic Perspective (2' ed.). UK: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.
Singh, S. (1992). Urban development and tourism: Case of Lucknow, India. Tourism Recreation Research, 17(2): 71-78.
Tyler, D., Guerrier, Y. and Robertson, M. (eds.) (1998). Managing Tourism in Cities: Policy, Process and Practice, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
van den Berg, L., van der Borg, J. and van der Meer, J. (1995). Urban Tourism: Performance and Strategies in Eight European Cities. Aldershot: Avebury.
Weaver, D.B. (1993). Model of urban tourism for small Caribbean Islands. Geographical Review, 83(2): 134-140.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.