Marck Bryan A. David


Climate change, an increasingly apparent phenomena, has the potential to affect the tourism industry. This exploratory paper was created to (1) look at the possible impacts of climate change, particularly sea-level rise, on a selected Manila-Bay area hotel; (2) explore possible changes in the operational systems of the selected hotel and propose changes into these systems; and (3) propose possible monitoring programs and policies aimed at mitigating the impact of climate change, particularly in the most vulnerable areas to climate change like the Philippines. The researcher employed a case-study method for this exploratory research. Data were then analyzed using the Climate Lens Model, in conjunction with the systems model. It was found out that storm surges, one of the indirect impacts of climate change caused by stronger typhoons, brought about changes in the operational system of the hotel. Yet, even if there were measures undertaken, these measures were only short-term, which in a climate change standpoint is inadequate due to the fact that climate change is very dynamic. It was recommended that the hotel establishment take into account a diverse range of technological, managerial, educational, policy and behavioral adaptations to deal with climate variability, based on the recommendation set by the Davos Declaration of the UNWTO.

Full Text:



Australian Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism. 2008. Tourism and climate change – A framework for action. Retrieved August 22, 2013, from

Baga-Reyes, V. 2012. Bigger, better, and more disaster-prepared Spiral. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 14, 2013, from

Bautista, R. N. 2011. Storm surge from Manila Bay floods: Roxas Blvd., now impassable. GMA Network. Retrieved August 15, 2013, from

Esmaquel II, P. 2011. Pedring checks into 5-star hotel. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 14, 2013, from 2011. Philippines calls for progress in climate talks in typhoon devastation aftermath. Indymedia.Org. Retrieved August 15, 2013 from

Lin, I.-I., Gustavo, J., Knaff, J., Forbes, C., and Ali, M. M. 2012. Ocean heat content for tropical cyclone intensity forecasting and its impact on storm surge. Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, pp. 1-18.

Marshall N.A., Marshall P.A., Tamelander J., Obura D., Malleret-King D. and Cinner J.E. 2009. A Framework for Social Adaptation to Climate Change; Sustaining Tropical Coastal Communities and Industries. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN. v + 36 pp.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. 2013. Adaptation to climate change. Retrieved September 25, 2013, from

Ramirez, J. R. 2011. Storm surge hits 5-star hotel, guests evacuated. Philippine Star. Retrieved August 15, 2013, from

Spears, M. C. 2010. Food Service Organizations: A managerial and systems approach. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Merrill

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). 2008. Climate change adaptation and mitigation in the tourism sector: Frameworks, tools, and practices. Retrieved August 20, 2013, from

World Bank. 2010. Climate Risks and adaptation in Asian coastal megacities. Retrieved September 25, 2013, from

World Tourism Organization, United Nations Environment Programme, and the World Meteorological Association. 2007. Davos Declaration – Climate Change and Tourism Responding to Global Challenges. Proceedings from the Second International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism, 3 October, 2007. Davos, Switzerland. Retrieved August 20, 2013, from


  • There are currently no refbacks.