DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF ECOTOURISM MARINE SUSTAINABLE IN INDONESIA

Ni KetutArismayanti

Abstract


Indonesia is a maritime country and the largest island in the world. Indonesia has a wealth of marine and coastal very abundant. But in reality, especially in the field of tourism has not been fully utilized for tourism activities. Marine tourism is a new type of tourism development that began to develop and favored travelers. In the development of this type of tourism should be recognizable the characteristics of marine tourism in order to advance in the development and management can preserve the marine ecosystems in a sustainable environment. Tourism development is expected to occurring conservation in marine and coastal areas towards of sustainable development. This study aims to identify the potential for marine ecotourism located in Indonesia; analyze the internal and external environment marine ecotourism; analyzing strategies and develop a sustainable marine ecotourism development program in Indonesia. This study uses qualitative descriptive analysis techniques and SWOT analysis. The reference review in this research is the concepts of a strategy for tourism development, ecotourism, marine tourism, sustainable tourism. The strategy can be applied related to the development of sustainable marine ecotourism in Indonesia, namely: strategy of regional development and marine ecotourism product through empowerment of local communities; strategy of developing a network of marine industry and tourism; Infrastructure development strategy (infrastructure and means of supporting the principal and marine tourism); strategy of marketing development marine ecotourism product; strategy of coastal areas planning; strategy for increasing the security of maritime tourism; and strategies for institutional development and human resources and marine tourism. Sustainable marine ecotourism development should be prepared and planned and managed well, so it can directly and positively contribute to the public welfare, poverty reduction, rural development, preservation of culture and society, and environmental protection.

Keywords


strategy development, ecotourism, nautical, sustainable, Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim. 1991. PeraturanPemerintah Daerah Bali Nomor 3 Tahun 1991 tentangPariwisataBudaya. PemerintahPropinsi Bali.

Arismayanti, Ni Ketut. 2010. “Arah Pembangunan danPengembanganPariwisataBerkelanjutan Di Bali”dalamBukuPariwisatadalamKisaranKrisis Global. Denpasar: Udayana Press.

Arismayanti, Ni Ketut. 2015. “KesiapanKepariwisataan Indonesia MenyambutKomunitasEkonomi ASEAN 2015”dalamBukuParadigmadanKebijakanPariwisata. Denpasar: PustakaLarasan.

BadanPusatStatistik. 2014. Indonesia DalamAngka.

Butler, R. W. 1996. The Role of Tourism In Culture Transformation in Development Countries, dalam Tourism in Culture Global Civilization in Change WinduNuryanti (ed). Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Cater, E., and Cater, C. 2007. Marine Ecotourism: Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea. Wallingford, GB: CAB International.

Clare A. Gunn, 1994. Tourism Planning. Basics, Concepts, Cases. Third Edition. Taylor & Francis Publisher.

Cooper, Chris. 1993. Tourism: Principles &Practise. England: Longman Group Limited.

Dahuri, Rohmin; RaisJacub M; SaptaP.Ginting; Sitepu M J. 2008.PengelolaanSumberDayaWilayah PesisirdanLautanSecaraTerpadu. Jakarta: PradnyaParamita.

Douglas, R.W. 1978. Forest Recreation. New York: Perganion Press Inc.

Fandeli, C. 2002. PerencanaanKepariwisataanAlam.Yogyakrta: FakultasKehutananUniversitas Gajah Mada.

Getz, D. 1987. Model in Tourism Planing, Toward Integration of Theory and Practice.Vol. VII No. 1.

Hall, C. 1991. Special Interest Tourism. Halsted Press.

Hawkins, Donald E. 1995. Ekotourisme: PetunjukuntukPerencanadanPengelola.The Ecotourism Society North Bennington, Vermont.

Haywood, K.M. 1998. Responsible and Responsive Tourism Planing in the Community.Vol. 9 No. 2. June.

Honey, Martha. 2008. Ecotourism and Sustainable Development Who Owns Paradise? (2ndEdition). Washington DC, USA: Island Press.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html.

Husein, Umar. 2000. MetodePenelitianUntukSkripsidanTesisBisnis.Jakarta: PT. Raja GrafindoPersada.

Inskeep, Edward. 1991. Tourism Planning an Integrated and Sustainable Development Approach. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

KementerianPariwisata. 2015. Target KunjunganWisatawanMancanegarake Indonesia.

Keraf. 2000. DimensiBudayaEkologiPesisirDalamPengembanganWisataBahari.Naskah Seminar. Denpasar KajianBudayaUniversitasUdayana.

Kreg Lindberg dan Donald E. Hawkins. 1995. Ekoturisme: Petunjuk Untuk Perencanaan dan Pengelolaan. The Ecotourism Society. North Benington, Vermont.

Lewaherilla, NikiElistus. 2002. PariwisataBahari: PemanfaatanPotensi Wilayah PesisirdanLautan. MakalahFalsafahSains. Program PascaSarjanaInstitutPertanian Bogor.

Magdalena. 2002. PerkembanganObjekWisataPuraMandaraGiriSenduroLumajangJawaTimur.TugasAkhir. Surabaya: Universitas Petra.

Marpaung, Happy. 2002. Pengetahuan Kepariwisataan. Bandung: Alfabeta.

McIntyre, George. 1993. Sustainable Tourism Development Guide for Local Planner.Spair: C.H.N. Mediatheek.

Mill, Robert Chiristine. 2000. Tourism the International Business.Edisi I. Jakarta: Raja GrafindoPersada.

Murray, John. 1995. Tourism and Developmen Model in Africa. London.

Norman, C. William. 2001. Whither the Mature Market: An Empirical Examination of the Trevel Motivations of Neo Nature and Veteran Mature Market.Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing.

Nurisyah, Siti. 2001. RencanaPengembanganFisikKawasanWisataBaharidi WilayahPesisir Indonesia. Bulettin Taman danLanskap Indonesia.Perencanaan, PerancangandanPengelolaan.Volume 3, Nomor 2.Studio ArsitekturPertamananFakultasPertanian IPB Bogor.

Orams, Mark. 2002. Routledge Advances in Tourism: Marine Tourism: Development, Impacts and Management (1). London, US: Routledge.

Page. 1995. Torism and Development Model in Africa. London: John Murray.

Paturusi, SyamsulAlam. 2008. PerencanaanKawasanPariwisata. Denpasar: UniversitasUdayana.

Pendit, S. Nyoman. 2003. IlmuPariwisata. Jakarta: PT. PradnyaParamita.

Picard, Michael. 2006. PariwisataBudayadanBudayaPariwisata. Jakarta: KPG (KepustakaanPopulerGramedia).

Rangkuti, Freddy.2004. Analisis SWOT TeknikMembedahKasusBisnis. Jakarta: PT GramediaPustakaUtama.

Soegiarto, A. 1976.PedomanUmumPengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir.LembagaOseanologiNasional. Jakarta.

Sugiyono. 2007. MetodePenelitianPendidikanPendekatanKuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suwantoro, Gamal. 1997. Dasar- DasarPariwisata. Yogyakarta: Andi.

Swarbooke, J. 1998. Sustainable Tourism Management. London: CABI Publishing

Undang-UndangNomor 27 Tahun 2007 tentangPengelolaan Daerah PesisirdanPulau-pulau Kecil.

Undang-UndangRepublik Indonesia Nomor 10 Tahun 2009 tentangKepariwisataan.

Undang-UndangRepublik Indonesia Nomor 11 Tahun 2010 tentangWarisanBudaya.

Undang-UndangRepublik Indonesia Nomor 11 Tahun 2010 tentangCagarBudaya.

Undang-UndangRepublik Indonesia Nomor 1 Tahun 2014 TentangPerubahanAtasUndang-UndangNomor 27 Tahun 2007 TentangPengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir Dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil

UNWTO (n.a.) Definition of Sustainable Tourism. Source: http://sdt.unwto.org/en/content/about-us-5

Yoeti, Oka A. 2000. PerencanaanStrategisPemasaranDearahTujuanWisata. Jakarta: PT PradnyaParamita.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.