Luh Yusni Wiarti


Lovina is one of tourist destination situated on the northern part of Bali Island. It lies in the maritime area as Bali Golden Triangle Coral Reef line and belong to the central zone of water conservation area in Buleleng Regency, Bali.  The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of marine tourism development for the community in Lovina area specifically in the aspect of social and culture with qualitative approach analysis through the local’s perception. The survey was participated by 100 samples purposively assigned from local people who lived in Lovina. The result shows that the development of marine tourism in Lovina gives some positive impacts to the community in socio-cultural condition. Marine tourism development and activities do not deliver any harmful changes to the condition of building in Lovina area. It increases the enthusiasm of the community to perform religious activities of Hindu.  In addition, the stress level and the crime figures are also very low. Various efforts are supposed to do in order to develop marine tourism activities in the region as well as minimizing the negative impact : 1) Improving the accessibilities by creating comfortable roads and parking lots as well as the addition of the trash bins which can helped by local government, 2) Educate the local community about The Concept of Sapta Pesona to improve their services to tourists and also educate them on the impact of marine tourism activities, thus they would be able to handle them, 3) Enhance the cooperation with stakeholders to market and promote Lovina.


Marine Tourism , Social and Cultural Impact, Local Community’s Perception, Lovina Bali, Sustainable Development

Full Text:



Akhyaruddin. (2013). Trend Wisata Bahari Disampaikan pada Asia Pacific Region Discussion Forum on Blue Economy. Retrieved from

Agrawal A, Gibson CC 1999. Enchantment and disenchantment: The role of community in natural resource conservation. World Development, 27: 629 - 649.

Archer, B., C. Cooper, L. Ruhanen (2005) The positive and negative impacts of tourism. In Theobald, W. F. (ed.) (2005) Global Tourism. Routledge, 79-102

Badan Perencanan dan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Buleleng . (2012). Kawasan Pesisir dan Laut Kabupaten Buleleng

Badan Perencanaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Buleleng. (2012). Kawasan Konservasi Pesisir dan Laut Kabupaten Buleleng

Badan Perencanaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Buleleng. (2012). Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Kabupaten Buleleng

Badan Perencanaan dan Pembangunan Kabupaten Buleleng. (2012). Sistem Keagamaan, Sistem Kebudayaan, Sistem Kemasyarakatan dan Sistem Pemerintahan Kabupaten Buleleng.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Buleleng. (2014). Jumlah Wisatawan yang Berkunjung ke Kabupaten Buleleng Tahun 2005-2013. Retrieved from

Bopp, M., GermAnn, K., Bopp, J., Baugh Litt1ejohns, L., & Smith, N. (2000). Assessing community capacity for change

Butler, R.W. (1999). Sustainable tourism: A state of the art review. Tourism Geographies, 1(1), 7–25

Cavus, S., & Tanrisevdi, A. (2003). Residents’ attitudes toward tourism development: A case study in Kusadasi, Turkey. Tourism Analysis, 7, 259-269.

Cowley, M., D. A. Gillmor (2008) Integrated rural tourism: Concepts and practice. Annals of Tourism Research 35 (2), 316-337v

Dinas Pariwisata Daerah Provinsi Bali. (2013). Jumlah Kunjungan Wisatawan pada Daya Tarik Wisata di Kabupaten Buleleng pada Tahun 2013. Retrieved from

Dinas Pariwisata Provinsi Bali. (2014) . Kunjungan Wisatawan Mancanegara ke Bali Berdasarkan Kebangsaan pada Tahun 2014. Retrieved from

Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Kabupaten Buleleng. (2011). Potensi Pesisir dan Laut Kabupaten Buleleng

Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Kabupaten Buleleng . (2012). Potensi Terumbu Karang dan Ikan Hias

Dinas Perikanan dan Kkelautan Kabupaten Buleleng. (2011). Potensi Budidaya Perikanan Laut

Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Kabupaten Buleleng. (2011). Potensi Mangrove

Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan Kabupaten Buleleng. (2011). Potensi Lumba-Lumba dan Paus di Kabupaten Buleleng

Dolnicar, S. (2006) Nature-conserving tourists: The need for a broader perspective. Anatolia: An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research 17 (2), 235-255

Dorobantu, M. R., P. Nistoreanu (2012) Rural tourism and ecotourism-the main priorities in sustainable development orientations of rural local communities in Romania. Economy Transdisciplinarity Cognition 15 (1), 259-266

Dyer, P., Gursoy, D., Sharma, B., & Carter, J. (2007). Structural modeling of resident perceptions of tourism and associated development on the Sunshine Coast, Australia. Tourism Management, 28, 409-422

Eshliki, S. A and Kaboudi, M.(2012). Perception of Community in Tourism Impacts and their Participation in Tourism Planning: Ramsar, Iran. Journal of Asian Behavioural Studies, Volume 2, Number 5, April 2012

Eagles, P.F.J. dan Stephen F. Mccool. (2004). Tourism in National Parks and Protected Areas Planning and Management. USA: CABI Publishing

Ertuna, B., G. Kirbas (2012) Local community involvement in rural tourism development: The case of Kastamonu, Turkey. Revistade Turismoy Patrimonio Culture, 10 (2), 17-24

Faulkner, B., & Tideswell, C. (1997). A Framework for Monitoring Community Impacts of Tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 5, 3-28.

Fiorello, A., D. Bo, D. (2012) Community-based ecotourism to meet the new tourist’s expectations: An exploratory study. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management 21 (7), 758-778

Godfrey, K., & Clarke, J. (2000). The tourism development handbook: a practical approach to planning and marketing. London: Continuum.

Hall,C.M. et al.(2005). Global Tourism (Third Edition), Chapter 24-Tourism,Mobility and Global Communities : New opportunities to Theorising Tourism and Tourist Aspect. Pp 463-481).

Homafar et al. (2011). The Role of Sport Tourism in Employmen,Income and Economic Development. Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism Vol. 2 (3), pp.34-37, May 2011. Retrieved from

Harrill, R. (2004). Residents’ Attitudes toward Tourism Development: A Literature Review with Implications for Tourism Planning. Journal of Planning Literature, 18 (3), 251-256.

Jiaying Lu and Sanjay K. Sustainable tourism research: an analysis of papers published in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism Journal of Sustainable Tourism Vol. 17, No. 1, January 2009, 5–16

Lal Mukherjee, A. (2013): Impact of tourism in coastal areas: Need of sustainable tourism strategy. Retrieved from

Leiper, N. (1990). Tourist attraction systems, Annals of Tourism Research, 17(3), 367-384

Loughs Agency Commissioned Tourism Development International. (2007). A Strategy and Action Plan for The Development of Marine Tourism and Leisure in Lough Foyle and Carlingford Lough Areas. Retrieved from

Lu,J & Nepal,S.K.(2008) Sustainable Tourist Research : an Analysis of Paper Published in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism Vol.17,No.1,Januari 2009, 5-16

Mansfeld, Y. (1992). Group-Differentiated Perceptions of Social Impacts Related to Tourism Development. Professional Geographer. 44(4), 377-392.

Miller, M.L., and Auyong, J. (1991b). Coastal zone tourism: A potent force affecting environment and society. Marine Policy, 15: 75-99.

Miller, M.L., and Auyong, J. (eds.). (1991a). Proceedings of the 1990 Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism: A Symposium and Workshop on Balancing Conservation and Economic Development (Volumes I and II). National Coastal Resources Research and Development Institute, Newport, OR.

MILLER,M.L. (1990). Tourism in the coastal zone: Portents, problems, and possibilities. m: M.L. Miller and 1. Auyong (eds.), Proceedings of the 1990 Congress on Coastal andMarine Tourism Vol 1. Corvallis, Oregon: National Coastal Resources Research Institute, pp. 1-8.

Mathieson,A and Wall,G.(1982).Tourism;Economic, Phvsi-cal and Social Impacts, New York:Longman

McAreavey, R., J. McDonagh (2011) Sustainable rural tourism: Lessons for rural development. Sociologia Ruralis 51 (2), 175-194

Muganda M, Sirima1, A, Ezra, P.M. (2013). The Role of Local Communities in Tourism Development: Grassroots Perspectives from Tanzania J Hum Ecol, 41(1): 53-66

McKercher, Bob. (2014). Some Fundamental Truth about Tourism: Understanding Tourism’s Social and Environmental Impacts. Vol. 1, NO 1, 1993. Journal of Sustainable Tourism: University of Western Sydney Word

Mowforth, M dan Ian Munt. (2009). Tourism and Suistainability. London dan New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group

Nzama, A.T. (2008). Socio-cultural Impacts of Tourism on the Rural Areas within the world heritage sites- the Case of KwaZuluNatal, South Africa. South Asian Journal of tourism and Heritage, 1(1), 1-8.

Olsder K, Van der Donk M 2006. Destination Conservaton: Protecting Nature by Developing Tourism. Amsterdam: IUCN National Committee of The Netherlands.

Orams,M. (1999). Marine Tourism : Development, Impact and Management, London & London : Routledge

Sanagustin Fons, M. V., J. A. M. Fierro, M. G. y Patino (2011) Rural tourism: A sustainable alternative. Applied Energy 88 (2), 551-557

Sarason, S. B. (1974). The psychological sense of community: Prospects for a community psychology. San Francisco: CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Scherl LM, Edwards S 2007. Tourism, indigenous and local communities and protected areas in developing nations. In: R Bushell, PFJ Eagles (Eds.): Tourism and Protected Areas: Benefits beyond Boundaries. Wallingford: CABI International

Timur, S., D. Getz (2009) Sustainable tourism development: How do destination stakeholders perceive sustainable urban tourism?. Sustainable Development 17 (4), 220-232

UN World Tourism Organization Secretary General Mr. Taleb Rifai, press release PR 11084, Madrid, 27 October 2011. Ministers of tourism of major world economies call on decisionmakers to use tourism to stimulate the economy: economies-call-decision-makers-usetourism-st

Weaver, D dan Laura Lawton. (2006). Tourism Management.China: 1010 Printing International Limited

Weaver, D. (2001). The ensiclopedia of ecotourism. Wellingford UK: CABI

World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). The Brundtland report. Oxford: OUP.

World Tourism Organization (WTO). (1998). Guide for local authorities on developing sustainable tourism. Madrid: World Tourism Organization

Zhang, j., & Lai Lei, s. (2009). Residents environmental attitudes and behavioural intention of tourism development in Beimen coastal wetland area, Taiwan. Taipei: National Cheng Kung University.

Zhang, J., Inbakaran, R.J., & Jackson, M. (2006). Understanding community attitudes towards tourism and host-guest interaction in the urban-rural border region. Tourism Geographies, 8(2), 182-204.


  • There are currently no refbacks.