ECOTOURISM PLANNING ON THE RAPID-GROWING ECONOMIC AREA : A STUDY OF PACITAN, INDONESIA

Rita Parmawati, Heru Wiwoho Supadi Putra, Agung Sih Kurnianto

Abstract


Pacitan Regency has a tourist destination characterized by nature and the relationship between humans and nature. The purpose of this study is to identify the potential, problems, carrying capacity and constraints of ecotourism development, as well as develop management strategies in Pacitan. Observations and interviews were conducted to reveal information related to the research objectives. We do index on the components of ecotourism management that we have designed. SWOT analysis is used to determine and map the potential and problems of management and development of ecotourism. the total GRDP shows that the economy of the Pacitan Regency is characterized by the economy of the Tertiary Sector. On the IFAS, the potential of natural resources plays a very important strength (weight value 0.204) and on the weaknesses, accessibility and facilities and infrastructure plays a very important role (weighted values 0.153 and 0.130). On the EFAS, government policy support reaches the highest weight (0.135) on an opportunity, and on threat factors, security and object equality with other regions play a very important role  (0.106 and 0.105)


Keywords


Ecotourism, EFAS, IFAS, Pacitan, SWOT

Full Text:

PDF

References


Buckley, R. (2009). Evaluating the Net Effects of Ecotourism on the Environment: A Framework, First Assessment, and Future Research. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 17(6), 643-672. November 2009.

Diamantis, D. (1999). The concept of ecotourism: Evolution and Trens. Currents Issues in Tourism. 2(2),93-122.

Dwyer, L., Forsyth, P., & Rao, D. S. P. (2000). The Price Competitiveness of Travel And Tourism: A Comparison Of 19 Destinations. Tourism Management, 21(1), 9-22. February. 2000.

Govers, R., Go, F. M., & Kumar, K. (2007). Promoting Tourism Destination Image. Journal of Travel Research, 46(1), 15-23, Aug. 2007.

Khan, M., & Hawkins, D. (1977). The Evolution of Tourism: Adapting to Change. 28th Travel and Tourism Association (TTRA) Conference, pp. 388-395. Lexington, USA.

Klak, T. (2017). Sustainable Ecotourism Development in Central America and the Carribean: Review of Debates and Conceptual Reformulation. Geography Compass. 1(5), 1037-1057. September 2017.

Koens, J. F, Dieperink, C., & Miranda M. (2009). Ecotourism as a Development Strategy : Experiences from Costa Rica. Environmental Development Sustainable Journal. 11, 1225-1237. October, 2009.

Lai, W-H.& Vinh, N.Q. (2013). Online Promotion and Its Influence on Destination Awareness and Loyalty in The Tourism Industry. Advances In Management & Applied Economics, 3(3), 15-30. May 2013.

Mirsanjari, M. M. (2012). Importance of Environmental Ecotourism Planning for Sustainable Development. International Journal of Sustainable Development. 4(2), 85-92. May 2012.

Seyidov, J. & Adomaitiene, R. (2016). Factors Influencing Local Tourists’ Decision-Making on Choosing A Destination: A Case of Azerbaijan. Ekonomika. 95(3), 112-127.

Shahrivar, R. B. (2012). The factor that influences Tourist Satisfaction. Journal of Travel and Tourism Research. 12(1).

Theingthae, S.(2017). Sustainability of Community Based Ecotourism Development After The Impact of Tsunami Disasters: Comparison Between Buddhism Community And Muslim Community In Phuket Province, Thailand. Journal Of Tourism Research And Hospitality. 6(4), 100-175. September 2017.

Tomić, N. & Božic, S. (2015). Factors Affecting City Destination Choice among Young People in Serbia. Journal of Tourism – Studies and Research in Tourism. 19(19), 15-22.

Wang, L., Zhong, L., Zhang, Y., & Zhou, B. (2014). Ecotourism environmental protection measures and their effects on protected areas in China, Sustainability. 6, 6781-6798, September. 2014.

WTTC. (2008). Tourism Satellit Accounting Highlights. Word Travel and Tourism Council, Geneva.

Yacob, M.R., Shuib, A. & Radam, A. (2007). Local Economic Benefits of Ecotourism Development in Malaysia: The Case of Redang Island Marine Park. International Journal of Economics and Management. 1(3), 365-386. December 2007.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fajht.2018.16.2.1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.