A Strategy for Sustainable Development: Using Nanotechnology for Solar Energy in Buildings (Case Study Parand Town)

Jamal-e-Din Mahdi Nejad, Faezeh Asadpour


Solar energy is a source of free and clean energy that has no harmful environmental effects. Simple applications of new technologies such as nanotechnology are a cost-effective way of using renewable energy, which has led many industries to invest in this area. In this descriptive-analytical study the utilization of solar energy in a hot and dry region of Iran was investigated as a useful and safe resource for supplying the energy needed for the construction of Parand town, considering the available climatic potentials. The statistical population in this study was a group of inhabitants of Parand town, employees of the Tehran Construction Engineering Organization and experts in the field, from which 384 participants were selected by simple random sampling. After collecting field information through a questionnaire, the relationships between the variables of the study were tested by SPSS. The result of the study showed that the most important achievements of using nanotechnology for solar energy in view of the sustainable development of building construction from the participants’ perspective were photovoltaic coating on building roofs (58.7% of the participants’ responses), nano solar water heaters (57.4% of responses) and active solar cell dryers (22.1% of responses) respectively.


energy saving; nanotechnology; Parand town; solar energy; sustainable development

Full Text:



BPIE, Europe’s Buildings under the Microscope. Brussels, Belgium: Buildings Performance Institute Europe (BPIE), 2011.

IEA, Technology Roadmap Energy-Efficient Buildings: Heating and Cooling Equipment. Paris, France: International Energy Agency (IEA), 2011.

Dodd, N., Gama-Caldas M. Identifying Macro-Objectives for the Life Cycle Environmental Performance and Resource Efficiency of EU Buildings. Luxembourg: JRC EU Commission, 2015.

Newbery, D. & Strielkowski, W., Market Design for a High-Renewables European Electricity System, Renew Sustain Energy, 91, pp. 695-707, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2018.04.025.

Roaf, S., Counting the Costs of Comfort, Build. Res. Inf., 43(3), pp. 269-273, 2015. DOI: 10.1080/09613218.2014.998948.

European Communities: Brussels, Proposal for a Recast of the EPBD, Impact Assessment, COM(2008)755, SEC(2008)2821, Belgium, 2008.

Ren, G., Zhao, X., Zhan, Ch., Jin, H. & Zhou, A., Investigation of the Energy Performance of a Novel Modular Solar Building Envelope, Energies, 10(7), pp. 2-17, 2017. DOI: 10.3390/en10070880.

Carayannis, E G. & Campbell, DFJ., Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innovation Systems: 21st-Century Democracy, Springer New York: Innovation, and Entrepreneurship for Development, 2011.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fj.eng.technol.sci.2019.51.1.7


  • There are currently no refbacks.