Paper ID: 8342

Performance Analysis of Energy Storage in Smart Microgrid Based on Historical Data of Individual Battery Temperature and Voltage Changes

Irsyad Nashirul Haq*, Deddy Kurniadi, Edi Leksono, Brian Yuliarto &  F.X. Nugroho Soelami

Engineering Physics Program, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

*E-mail: inhprop@gmail.com

 

Abstract

In this work, we have successfully developed and implemented a historical data-based battery management system (BMS) using an embedded system for condition monitoring of battery energy storage system in a smart microgrid system. The performance analysis were assessed from 28 days operating time with one-minute sampling time. The historical data shows that the maximum temperature increment and difference between batteries were 4.5°C and 2.8°C. One of the batteries shows has a high voltage rate of changes which was above 3.0 V/min, and it’s temperature rate of changes was very sensitive even for low voltage rate of changes, this phenomenon tend to indicate problem that may already reduce the battery energy storage system total capacity. The primary findings are that the voltage and temperature rate of changes of individual battery in real operating conditions can be used to diagnose and foresee imminent failures, and in the event of a failure happened we can also find the root cause of the problems by using the historical data-based BMS. To ensure further safety and reliability of practical acceptable operating conditions, we propose the rate of change limits based on battery characteristics, for temperature is below 0.5°C/min and voltage is below 3.0 V/min.

Keywords: battery management system; energy storage system; performance analysis; smart microgrid; temperature changes; voltage changes.

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ISSN: 2338-5502