Effect of 3 Key Factors on Average End to End Delay and Jitter in MANET

Saqib Hakak, Suhaimi Abd Latif, Farhat Anwar, M K Alam, Gulshan Gilkar

Abstract


A mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is a self-configuring infrastructure-less network of mobile devices connected by wireless links where each node or mobile device is independent to move in any desired direction and thus the links keep moving from one node to another. In such a network, the mobile nodes are equipped with CSMA/CA (carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance) transceivers and communicate with each other via radio. In MANETs, routing is considered one of the most difficult and challenging tasks. Because of this, most studies on MANETs have focused on comparing protocols under varying network conditions. But to the best of our knowledge no one has studied the effect of other factors on network performance indicators like throughput, jitter and so on, revealing how much influence a particular factor or group of factors has on each network performance indicator. Thus, in this study the effects of three key factors, i.e. routing protocol, packet size and DSSS rate, were evaluated on key network performance metrics, i.e. average delay and average jitter, as these parameters are crucial for network performance and directly affect the buffering requirements for all video devices and downstream networks.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Toh, C-K., Adhoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Protocols and Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 2002.

Belding-Royer, E., Routing Approaches in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, In: Basagni, S., Conti, M., Giordano, S. (eds.), Ad Hoc Networking, IEEE Press, Wiley, 2003.

IEEE, Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications, IEEE Std. 802.11, 1997.

Peterson, R.L., Rodger E.Z. & David E.B., Introduction to Spread-Spectrum Communications, 995, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1995.

Liu, Y., Ning, P., Dai, H. & Liu, A., Randomized Differential DSSS: Jamming-Resistant Wireless Broadcast Communication, IEEE INFOCOM Proceedings, 2010.

Chakeres, I.D. & Charles E.P., Dynamic MANET on-demand Routing Protocol, IETF Internet Draft, draft-ietf-manet-dymo-12.txt, 2008.

Bisoy, S.K. & Sahu, S., Performance Analysis of Dynamic MANET on Demand (DYMO) Routing Protocol Special Issue of IJCCT 1(2, 3, 4) for International Conference [ACCTA-2010]) Orissa India, pp.3-5, 2010.

Johnson, D., Hu, Y. & Maltz, D., The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol (DSR) for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for Ipv4, 260, RFC 4728, 2007.

Johnson, D. & Maltz, D., Dynamic Source Routing in Adhoc Wireless Networks, In: Imielinski, T., Korth, H. (eds.), Mobile Computing, Ch. 5. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1996.

Geetha, M., Umarani, R. & R. Kiruthika, A Comparative Study of Gateway Discovery Protocol in MANET, International Journal of Computer Applications, 11(2), pp.16-22, 2010.

Manickam, P., Baskar, T.G., Girija, M. & Manimegalai, D.D., Performance Comparisons of Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks 3.1, pp. 98-106, 2011.

Kumar, R., Performance Evaluation of Gateway Discovery Approaches in the Integrated Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET)-Internet Scenario, International Journal of Computer Technology and Electronics Engineering (IJCTEE), 2, pp. 49-53, 2012.

Rehman, G.U., Asif, M., Jan, R., Muhammad, S. & Ahmad, I., Simulation Based Study to Present the Performance of Ad-hoc Routing Protocols, International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 5(3), pp. 261-268, 2014.

Nand, P. & Sharma, D.S., Performance Study of Broadcast based Mobile Adhoc Routing Protocols AODV, DSR and DYMO, International Journal of Security & Its Applications, pp. 53-64, 2011.

Jain, R., The Art of Computer Systems Performance Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, 2008.

Buragohain, M. & Mahanta, C., A Novel Approach for ANFIS Modelling Based on Full Factorial Design, Applied Soft Computing, 8(1), pp. 609-625, 2008.

Qualnet Simulator, http://www.scalablenetworks.com (2 November 2013).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fitbj.ict.res.appl.2014.8.2.3

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Contact Information:

ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM – ITB, 

Center for Research and Community Services (CRCS) Building Floor 7th, 
Jl. Ganesha No. 10 Bandung 40132, Indonesia,

Tel. +62-22-86010080,

Fax.: +62-22-86010051;

e-mail: jictra@lppm.itb.ac.id.