Growth Rates Analysis of Porites Corals from Nusa Penida, Bali
The annual growth of Porites coral is represented by a pair of high- and low-density bands. Environmental changes in the ambient waters influence the pattern of these annual density bands. Five colonies of Porites corals from Nusa Penida, Bali were investigated to analyze their annual linear growth rates using coral densitometry. From the analysis it was found that the annual linear growth rates of the colonies varied between 0.8924 to 1.0012 cm/yr. The trends of the colonies growth rates also varied. Two colonies showed a decreasing trend, while the others showed an increasing trend. The annual linear growth rates of most of the colonies were not
influenced by sea surface temperature (SST); only one out of five colonies had a significant correlation with SST (R = 0.66, p-value < 0.05).
Veron, J.E.N. & Pichon, M., Scleratinia of Eastern Australia Part IV, Family Poritidae, Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series, 5, p. 159, 1982.
Veron, J.E.N., Coral of Australia and the Indo-Pacific, Angus and Robertson Publish, 1986.
Veron, J.E.N., Corals in Space and Time; The Biogeography and Evolution of the Scleractinaia, Cornell, 1995.
Veron, J.E.N., Corals of the World, Australian Institute of Marine Science, 3 (ed. M. Stafford-Smith), 2000.
Forsman, Z., Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Porites & Siderastrea (Scleractinia: Cnidaria) Species in The Caribbean and Eastern Pasific; Based on The Nuclear Ribosomal ITS Region, A Dissertation, The Faculty of The Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, pp. 153, 2003.
Jokiel, P.S. & Coles, S.L., Effects of Temperature on the Mortality and Growth of Hawaiian Reef Corals, Mar. Biol., 43, pp. 201-208, 1978.
Highsmith, R.C., Coral Growth Rates and Environmental Control of Density Banding, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 37, pp. 105-125, 1979.
Crossland, C.J., Seasonal Variations in the Rates of Calcification and Productivity in the Coral Acropora Formosa on A High Latitude Reef, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 15, pp. 135-140, 1984.
Lough, J.M. & Barnes, D.J., Environmental Controls on Growth of the Massive Coral Porites, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 245, pp. 225-243, 2000.
Goreau, T.F. & Goreau, N.I., The Physiology of Skeleton Formation in Corals. II. Calcium Deposition by Hermatypic Corals under Different Conditions in the Reef, Biol. Bull. Mar. Biol. Lab. Woods Hole, 117, pp. 239-250, 1959.
Marubini, F., Barnett, H., Langdon, C. & Atkinson, M.J., Dependence of Calcification on Light and Carbonate Ion Concentration for the Hermatypic Coral Porites compressa, Marine Biology Progress Series, 220, pp. 153-162, 2001.
Scoffin, T.P., Tudhope, A.W., Brown, B.E., Chansang, H. & Cheeney, R.F., Patterns and Possible Environmental Controls of Skeletogenesis of Porites lutea, South Thailand, Coral Reefs, 11, pp. 1-11, 1992.
Fabricius, K.E., Effects of Terestrial Run-off on the Ecology of Corals and Coral Reefs: Review and Synthesis, Marine Polution Bulletin, 50, pp. 125-146, 2005.
Hughes, T.P., Baird, A.H. & Bellwood, D.R., Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs, Science, 301, pp. 929-933, 2003.
Gagan, M.K., Ayliffe, L.K., Beck, J.W., Cole, J.E., Druffel, E.R.M., Dunbar, R.B. & Schrag, D.P., New Views of Tropical Paleoclimates from Corals, Quartenary Sciences Reviews, 19, pp. 45-64, 2000.
De Villiers, S., Shen, G.T. & Nelson, B.K., The Sr/Ca Temperature Relationship in Coralline Aragonite: Influence of Variability in (Sr/Ca) Seawater and Skeletal Growth Parameters, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 58, pp. 197-208, 1994.
Cobb K.M., Charles, C.D., Cheng, H. & Edwards, R.L., El Nino/Southern Oscillation and Tropical Pacific Climate during the Last Millennium, Nature, 424, pp. 271-276, 2003.
Dodge, R.E. & Vaisnys, J.R., Hermatypic Coral Growth Banding as Environmental Recorder, Nature, 258, pp. 706-708, 1975.
Gagan, M.K., Chivas, A.R. & Isdale, P.J., High-resolution Isotopic Records from Corals using Ocean Temperature and Mass Spawning Chronometers, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 121, pp. 549-558, 1994.
Gagan, M.K., Ayliffe, L.K., Hopley, D., Cali, J.A., Mortimer, G.E., Chappell, J., McCulloch, M.T. & Head, M.J., Temperature and Surface-Ocean Water Balance of the Mid-Holocene Tropical Western Pacific, Science, 279, pp. 1014-101, 1998.
Knutson, D.W., Buddemeier, R.W. & Smith, S.V., Coral Chrono-meters: Seasonal Growth Bands in Reef Corals, Science, 177, pp. 270-272, 1972.
Felis T. & Pätzold, J., Climate Reconstruction from Annually Banded Corals, Global Environmental Change in the Ocean and on Land, Eds., pp. 205-227, 2004.
Carricart-Ganivet, J.P., Lough, J.M. & Barnes, D.J., Growth and Luminescence Characteristics in Skeletons of Massive Porites from a Depth Gradient in The Central Great Barrier Reef, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 351, pp. 27-36, 2007.
De’ath, G., Lough, J.M. & Fabricius, K.E., Declining Coral Calcification on the Great Barrier Reef, Science, 323, pp. 116-119, 2009.
Cantin, N.E., Cohen, A.L., Karnauskas, K.B., Tarrant, A.M. & McCorkle, D.C., Ocean Warming Slows Coral Growth in the Central Red Sea, Science, 329, pp. 322-325, 2010.
Tanzil, J.T.I., Brown, B.E., Tudhope, A.W. & Dunne, R.P., Decline in Skeletal Growth of the Coral Porites lutea from the Andaman sea, South Thailand between 1984-2005, Coral Reef, 2009.
Cooper, T.F., De’ath, G., Fabricius, K.E. & Lough, J.M., Declining Coral Calcification in Massive Porites in Two Near Shore Regions of The Northern Great Barrier Reef, Global Change Biology, 14, pp. 529-538, 2007.
Suharsono & Cahyarini, S.Y., Reduced Trends of Annual Growth of Indonesian Porites over ~20 years, Proceedings of the 12th International Coral Reef Symposium, Cairns, Australia, 9-13 July, 2012.
Purnamasari, I.A. & Cahyarini, S.Y., Sea Surface Temperature and It’s Correlation to Coral Linear Growth Rate of Seribu Island, Geology and Mineral Resources Research, 20(2), pp. 111-117, 2010.
Helmle, K.P., Kohler, K.E. & Dodge, R.E., Relative Optical Densitometry and the Coral X-Radiograph Densitometry System: Coral XDS, Presented Poster, Int. Soc. Reef Studies 2002, European Meeting, Cambridge, England, Sept. 4-7, 2002.
Welly, M., Darma, N. & Basuki R., Profile Marine Protected Area of Nusa Penida Klungkung, Bali Province, The Nature Conservacy – Indonesia Marine Program (TNC-IMP), 2010.
Helmle, K., Relative Optical Densitometry and the Coral X-radiograph Densitometry System: Coral XDS, Nova Southeastern University Oceanographic Center, National Coral Reef Institute. http://www.nova.edu/ocean/coralxds/ (4 January 2013)
Buddemeier, R.W., Maragos, J.E. & Knutson, D.W., Radiographic Studies of Reef Coral Exoskeleton: Rates and Patterns of Coral Growth, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 14, pp. 179-200, 1974.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB, Center for Research and Community Services (CRCS) Building, 6th & 7th Floor, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia, Phone: +62-22-86010080, Fax.: +62-22-86010051; E-mail: email@example.com