Tree Community Structure and Composition of a One-Hectare Permanent Plot in the Montane Zone of Mount Kerinci, Kerinci Seblat National Park, Jambi
Information on tree community structure and composition is needed in forest management and restoration. These data can be obtained using a permanent plot for studying forest dynamics, including species-specific characteristics. These characteristics are useful in the identification of native species for commercial and restoration purposes. This study aimed to describe the tree community structure and composition of a one-hectare permanent plot in the montane zone of Mount Kerinci. Data collection was conducted from July to August 2016 on Mount Kerinci, Jambi. A plot was established at 2,182-2,258 m above sea level and subdivided into 100 subplots. All trees ≥ 10 cm DBH were tagged and measured. Twenty-eight species, 18 genera, 20 families, 570 individuals and Shannon index 2.89 were identified. Most of the potential species richness was covered on the research site. Syzygium lineatum was the species with the highest importance value and Myrtaceae had the highest family importance level. The study area was dominated by slow growing species that characterize primary forests. The population structure indicated a good capacity of forest regeneration, while the vertical structure formed a stratification consisting of three strata. The dominant large trees and 5 hyperdominant trees according to total biomass contribution were identified. These species are an important priority in forest management and restoration.
Ministry of Forestry, Kerinci Seblat National Park, http://www.dephut. go.id/uploads/INFORMASI/TN%20INDOENGLISH/tn_kerinciseblat.htm, (13 May 2016).
Margono, B.A., Potavop, P.V., Turubanova, S., Stolle, F. & Hansen, M.C., Primary Forest Cover Loss in Indonesia over 2000-2012, Nature Climate Change, 4, pp. 730-735, 2014.
Ohsawa, M., Nainggolan, P.H.J., Anwar, T. & Anwar, C., Altitudinal Zonation of Forest Vegetation on Mount Kerinci, Sumatra: with Comparisons to Zonation in the Temperate Region of East Asia, Journal of Tropical Ecology, 1(3), pp. 193-216, 1985.
Ayyappan, N. & Parthasarathy, N., Biodiversity Inventory of Trees in a Large Scale Permanent Plot of Tropical Evergreen Forest at Varagalaiar, Anamalais, Western Ghats, India, Biodiversity and Conservation, 8, pp. 1533-1554, March 1999.
Condit, R., Research in Large, Long-term Tropical Forest Plot, Trends Ecol. Evol., 10(1), pp. 18-22, 1995. DOI:10.1016/S0169-5347(00)88955-7
Goldsmith, G.R., Comita, L.S., Morefield, L.L., Condit R. & Hubbell, S.P., Long-term Research Impacts on Seedling Community Structure and Composition in a Permanent Forest Plot, Forest Ecology and Management, 234(1-3), pp. 34-39, 2006. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2006.06. 011
Lewis, S.L., Phillips, O.L., Sheil, D., Vinceti, B., Baker, T.R., Brown, S., Graham, A.W., Higuchi, N., Hilbert, D.W., Laurance W.F., Lejoly, J., Malhi, Y., Monteagudo, A., Vargas, P.N., Sonke, B., Nur Supardi, M.N., Terborgh, J.W. & Martinez, R.V., Tropical Forest Tree Mortality, Recruitment and Turnover Rates: Calculation, Interpretation and Comparison when Census Intervals Vary, Journal of Ecology, 92(6), pp. 929-944, 2004. DOI:10.1111/j.0022-0477.2004.00923.x
Meijer, W., Plant Sociological Analysis of Montane Rain Forest near Tjibodas, West Java, Acta Bot. Neerl., 8, pp. 277-291, 1959.
Yamada, I., Forest Ecological Studies of the Montane Forest of Mt. Pangrango, West Java, South East Asian Studies, 13(3), pp. 402-426, 1975.
Suzuki, E., Yoneda, M., Simbolon, H., Muhidin, A. & Wakiyama, S., Establishment of Two 1-ha Permanent Plots in Gn. Halimun National Park, Research and Conservation of Biodiversity in Indonesia, LIPI, JICA, and PHPA, Bogor, 2, pp. 36-55, 1997.
Mutaqien, Z. & Zuhri, M. Establishing a Long-term Permanent Plot in Remnant Forest of Cibodas Botanic Garden, West Java, Biodiversitas, 12(4), pp. 218-224, 2011.
Iqbal, A., Tree Structure and Composition of Preliminary Census of One Hectare Permanent Plot in Papandayan Natural Reserve, Garut, West Java, Thesis, Biology Department, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 2012. (Text in Indonesian)
Muhammad, E., Tree Structure and Floristic Composition of One Hectare Permanent Plot in South Track of Mount Rinjani National Park, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, Thesis, Biology Department, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 2014. (Text in Indonesian)
Kerinci Seblat National Park, Zonation of Kerinci Seblat National Park, Ministry of Forestry, Directorate of Forest Protection and Conservation, Kerinci Seblat National Park, 2013. (Text in Indonesian)
Magurran, A.E., Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement, Springer Netherlands, 1988.
Colwell, R.K., Estimates: Statistical Estimation of Species Richness and Shared Species from Samples, Version 9, www.purl.oclc.org/estimates, 2013. (13 May 2016)
Mueller-Dombois, D. & Ellenbergh, H., Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology, John Wiley & Sons, 1974.
Mori, S.A., Boom, B.M., de Carvalino, A.M. & dos Santos, T.S., Ecological Importance of Myrtaceae in an Eastern Brazilian Wet Forest, Biotropica, 15(1), pp. 68-70, 1983.
Morisita, M., Iδ Index, A Measure of Dispersion of Individuals, Res. Popul. Ecol., 4, pp. 1-7, 1962.
Slik, J.W.F., Bernard, C.S., Breman, F.C., Beek, M.V., Salim, A. & Sheil, D., Wood Density as A Conservation Tool: Quantification of Disturbance and Identification of Conservation-priority Areas in Tropical Forests, Conservation Biology, 22(5), pp. 1299-1308, 2008.
Richards, P.W., The Tropical Rain Forest An Ecological Study, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1996.
Chave J., Andalo, C., Brown, S., Cairns, M.A., Chambers, J.Q., Eamus, D., Folster, H., Fromard, F., Higuchi, N., Kira, T., Lescure, J.P., Nelson, B.W., Ogawa, H., Puig, H., Riera, B. & Yamakura, T., Tree Allometry and Improved Estimation of Carbon Stocks and Balance in Tropical Forests, Oecologia, 145(1), pp. 87-99, 2005. DOI:10.1007/s00442-005-0100-x
ICRAF, Wood Density, http://db.worldagroforestry.org/wd, (20 October 2016).
Bastin, J-F., Barbier, N., Réjou-Méchain, M., Fayolle, A., Gourlet-Fleury, S., Maniatis, D., de Haulleville, T., Baya, F., Beeckman, H., Beina, D., Couteron, P., Chuyong, G., Dauby, G., Doucet, J-L., Droissart, V. Dufrêne, M., Ewango, C., Gillet, J.F., Gonmadje, C.H., Hart, T., Kavali, T., Kenfack, D., Libalah, M., Malhi, Y., Makana, J-R, Pélissier, R., Ploton, P., Serckx A., Sonké, B., Stevart, T., Thomas, D.W., De Cannière, C. & Bogaert, J., Seeing Central African Forests through Their Largest Trees, Scientific Reports, 5, Art Num: 13156, 2015. DOI:10.1038/srep13156
Laumonier, Y., The Vegetation and Physiography of Sumatra, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1997.
Van Steenis, C.G.G.J., Mountain flora of Java, Research Centre for Biology – LIPI, Bogor, 2006. (Text in Indonesian)
Sulistyawati, E., Rosleini, D., Sungkar, R.M. & Gurnita, Community Structure and Plant Diversity of Mount Papandayan, Conference of Indonesian Plant Taxonomist, November. 2005. (Text in Indonesian)
Melo, J.E., Coradin, V.T.R. & Mendes, J.C., Density classes of Madeira for the Brazilian Amazon, Anais do Congresso Florestal Brasileiro, 6(3), pp. 695-699, Campos do Jordão, Sao Paulo, Sociedade Brasileira de Silvicultura, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1990. (Text in Portugese)
King, D.A., Davies, S.J., Tan, S. & Noor, N.S.M.D, The Role of Wood Density and Stem Support Costs in the Growth and Mortality of Tropical Trees, Journal of Ecology, 94(3), pp. 670-680, 2006. DOI: 10.1111/ j.1365-2745.2006.01112.x
Chazdon, R.L, Finegan, B., Capers, R.S., Salgado-Negret, B., Casanoves, F., Boukili, V. & Norden, N., Composition and Dynamics of Functional Groups of Trees during Tropical Forest Succession in Northeastern Costa Rica, Biotropica, 42(1), pp. 31-40, 2009.
WWF, Conservation and Management of Kerinci Seblat, Newsletter of the WWF Indonesia Program, 7(3), pp. 11-14, 1991.
Guariguata, M.R. & Ostertag, R., Neotropical Secondary Forest Succession: Changes in Structural and Functional Characteristics, Forest Ecology and Management, 148, pp. 185-206, 2001.
Rozak, A.H., Astutik, S., Mutaqien, Z., Widyatmoko, D. & Sulistyawati, E., Hyperdominance of Tree Species and Biomass in Mount Gede Pangrango National Park, Indonesia, Journal of Forest Science, 11(1), pp. 85-96, 2017. DOI:10.22146/jik.24903
Dossa, G.G., Paudel, E., Fujinuma, J., Yu, H., Chutipong, W., Zhang, Y., & Harrison, R.D., Factors Determining Forest Diversity and Biomass on a Tropical Volcano, Mt. Rinjani, Lombok, Indonesia, PloS One, 8(7), pp. 1-14, 2013.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB, Center for Research and Community Services (CRCS) Building, 6th & 7th Floor, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia, Tel. +62-22-86010080, Fax.: +62-22-86010051; E-mail: email@example.com