GIS Based Landslide Hazard Mapping Prediction in Ulu Klang, Malaysia

Muhammad Mukhlisin, Ilyias Idris, Al Sharif Salazar, Khairul Nizam, Mohd Raihan Taha


Since 1993, a number of landslides have been reported in Ulu Klang, Malaysia. These landslides caused fatalities and economic losses. Most of these landslides occurred in man-made slopes. Geographical Information System (GIS) is proposed to be used as the based machine for the production of landslide hazard map. This study highlights the area based landslide hazard assessment at Ulu Klang area using GIS application in order to help the engineer or the town planner to identify the most suitable development area besides predicting the potential landslide hazard area. Four main factors that influence of landslide occurrence were chosen include slope gradient aspect, geology, surface cover/land used and precipitation distribution. Landslide hazardous areas were analyzed and mapped using GIS application and produced a hazard map with five different indexes (i.e., very low, low, medium, high and very high hazard). The results of the analysis were verified using the landslide location data. The result showed that the model was very suitable in predicting landslide hazard and generating landslide hazard maps.

Full Text:



Abdullah, C. H. & Mohamed, A., Landslide and National Slope Policy, Seminar on Safe Hill- Site Development, Malaysia, February 14, 2009

Lee, S., & Talib, J.A., Probabilistic landslide susceptibility and factor effect analysis, Environmental Geology, 47, pp. 982–990, 2005.

Lee, S., & Pradhan, B., Landslide hazard mapping at Selangor, Malaysia using frequency ratio and logistic regression models, Landslides 4, pp. 33–41, 2006.

Huat, L. T., Othman, M. A., Mohamad, A., Shaharom, S., Mahmud, M., & Baba, M. F. Area Based Slope Hazard Assessment and Mapping in Hulu Klang-Ampang, International Conference on Slope Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 4-6 November 2008, pp. 409-420, 2008.

Hutchinson, C.F., & Toledano, J., Guidelines for demonstrating geographical Information systems based on participatory development, International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 7(5), pp. 453–461, 1993.

Golder and Associates, Report on Stage 2A Study Landslide Hazard & Risk Assessment for Currumbin Hill Gold Coast, pp. 1-53, 2006.

Singh, H., Huat, B. K., & Jamaludin, S., Slope Assessment: A Review and Evaluation of Current Techniques Used for Cut Slopes in the Mountainous Terrain of West Malaysia, EJGE, 13, 2008.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

View my Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB, Center for Research and Community Services (CRCS) Building, 6th & 7th Floor, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia, Phone: +62-22-86010080, Fax.: +62-22-86010051; E-mail: