Metal-Organic Frameworks Based on Zinc(II) and Benzene-1,3,5-Tricarboxylate Modified Graphite: Fabrication and Application as an Anode Material in Lithium-Ion Batteries

Witri Wahyu Lestari, Wulan Cahya Inayah, Fitria Rahmawati, Larasati Larasati, Agus Purwanto

Abstract


This research was aimed at synthesizing metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) based on zinc(II) and a benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate (BTC) linker in combination with graphite as anode material in lithium-ion batteries. The MOFs were prepared using sonochemical and solvothermal methods, which led to different materials: [Zn3(BTC)2·12H2O] (MOF 1) and [Zn(BTC)·H2O·3DMF] (MOF 2). The produced materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA), and a battery analyzer. Refinement of the XRD data was performed using the Rietica and Le Bail method. Sharp and intense peaks indicated that the materials had a high degree of crystallinity. The morphology of the materials as analyzed by SEM was cubic, with an average crystal size of 8.377 ± 4.276 µm for MOF 1 and a larger size of 16.351 ± 3.683 µm for MOF 2. MOF 1 was thermally stable up to 378.7 °C while MOF 2 remained stable up to 341.8 °C, as demonstrated by thermogravimetric analysis. The employment of the synthesized materials as anode in a lithium ion battery was proved to yield higher specific capacity and cycle stability compared to those using a graphite anode. The lithium-ion battery with 5 wt% MOF 1 exhibited the highest performance with an efficiency of 97.28%, and charge and discharge specific capacities of 123.792 and 120.421 mAh/g, respectively.


Keywords


BTC; MOFs;graphite lithium-ion batteries; zinc(II)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Stock, N. & Biswas, S., Synthesis of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs): Routes to Various MOF Topologies, Morphologies, and Composites, Chemical Reviews, 112(2), pp. 933–969, 2012.

Song, Y., Li, X., Wei, C., Fu, J., Xu, F., Tan, H., Tang, J. & Wang, L., A Green Strategy to Prepare Metal Oxide Superstructure from Metal-Organic Frameworks, Sci. Rep-Uk., 5, pp. 8401–8408, 2015.

Ke, F.-S., Wu, Y.-S. & Deng, H., Metal-Organic Frameworks for Lithium Ion Batteries and Supercapacitors, J. Solid State Chem., 223, pp. 109–121, 2015.

Zhu, C., Chao, D., Sun, J., Bacho, I.M., Fan, Z., Ng, C.F., Xia, X., Huang, H., Zhang, H., Shen, Z.X., Ding, G. & Fan, H.J., Enhanced Lithium Storage Performance of Cuo Nanowires by Coating of Graphene Quantum Dots, Adv. Mater. Interfaces, 2(2), pp. 1–6, 2015.

Xian, S., Peng, J., Zhang, Z., Xia, Q., Wang, H. & Li, Z., Highly Enhanced and Weakened Adsorption Properties of Two Mofs by Water Vapor for Separation of CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 Binary Mixtures, Chem. Eng. J., 270, pp. 385–392, 2015.

Hasan, Z. & Jhung, S.H., Removal of Hazardous Organics from Water Using Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs): Plausible Mechanisms for Selective Adsorptions, J. Hazard. Mater., 283, pp. 329–339, 2015.

Lee, J., Farha, O.K., Roberts, J., Scheidt, K.A., Nguyen, S.T. & Hupp, J.T., Metal–Organic Framework Materials as Catalysts, Chem. Soc. Rev., 38, pp. 1450–1459, 2009.

Llabres i Xamena, F.X. & Gascon, J., Metal Organic Frameworks as Heterogenous Catalysts, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 2011.

Horcajada, P., Serre, C., Vallet-Regí, M., Sebban, M., Taulelle, F. & Férey, G., Metal–Organic Frameworks as Efficient Materials for Drug Delivery, Angew. Chem. Int. Edit., 45(36), pp.5974–5978, 2006.

Chen, B., Wang, L., Zapata, F., Qian, G. & Lobkovsky, E.B., A Luminescent Microporous Metal−Organic Framework for The Recognition and Sensing of Anions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130(21), pp. 6718–6719, 2008.

Zhao, D., Wan, X., Song, H., Hao, L., Su, Y. & Lv, Y., Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs) Combined with ZnO Quantum Dots as A Fluorescent Sensing Platform for Phosphate, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 197, pp. 50–57, 2014.

Cheng, B., Zare Karizi, F., Hu, M.-L. & Morsali, A., Cation-Exchange Process in an Anionic Metal–Organic Framework: New Precursors for Facile Fabrication of ZnO Nanostructures, Mater. Lett., 137, pp. 88–91, 2014.

Anbia, M., Faryadras, M. & Ghaffarinejad, A., Synthesis and Characterization of Zn3(BTC)2 Nanoporous Sorbent and Its Application for Hydrogen Storage at Ambient Temperature, J. Appl. Chem. Res., 9(3), pp. 33–42, 2015.

Gou, L., Hao, L.-M, Shi, Y.-X., Ma, S.-L., Fan, X.-Y., Xu, L., Li, D.-L. & Wang, K., One-Pot Synthesis of a Metal–Organic Framework as an Anode for Li-Ion Batteries with Improved Capacity and Cycling Stability, J. Solid State Chem., 210(1), pp. 121–124, 2014.

Yang, S.J., Nam, S., Kim, T., Im, J.H., Jung, H., Kang, J.H., Wi, S., Park, B. &. Park C.R, Preparation and Exceptional Lithium Anodic Performance of Porous Carbon-Coated Zno Quantum Dots Derived from A Metal–Organic Framework, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 135(20), pp. 7394–7397, 2013.

Liu, H., Wang, G., Liu, J., Qiao, S.& Ahn, H., Highly Ordered Mesoporous Nio Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries with an Excellent Electrochemical Performance, J. Mater. Chem., 21, pp. 3046–3052, 2011.

Yoo, E., Kim, J., Hosono, E., Zhou, H., Kud, T. & Honma, I., Large Reversible Li Storage of Graphene Nanosheet Families for Use in Rechargeable Lithium Ion Batteries, Nano Lett., 8(8), pp. 2277–2282, 2008.

Saravanan, K., Nagarathinam, M., Balaya, P. & Vittal, J.J., Lithium Storage in A Metal Organic Framework with Diamondoid Topology – A Case Study On Metal Formates, J. Mater. Chem., 20, pp. 8329–8335, 2010.

Banerjee, A., Singh, U., Aravindan, V., Srinivasan, M. & Ogale, S., Synthesis of CuO Nanostructures from Cu-Based Metal Organic Framework (MOF-199) for Application as Anode for Li-Ion Batteries, Nano Energy, 2(6), pp. 1158–1163, 2013.

Yaghi, O.M., Li, H. & Groy, T.L., Construction of Porous Solids From Hydrogen-Bonded Metal Complexes of 1,3,5-Benzenetricarboxylic Acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118(38), pp. 9096–9101, 1996

Lestari, W.W., Arvinawati, M., Martien, R. & Kusumaningsih, T., Green and Facile Synthesis of MOF and Nano MOF Containing Zinc(II) and Benzene 1,3,5-Tri Carboxylate and Its Study in Ibuprofen Slow-Release, Mater. Chem. Phys., 204, pp.141–146, 2018.

Huang, X., Chen, Y., Lin, Z., Ren, X., Song, Y., Xu, Z., Dong, X., Li, X., Hu, C. & Wang, B., Zn-BTC Mofs with Active Metal Sites Synthesized Via a Structure-Directing Approach for Highly Efficient Carbon Conversion, Chem. Commun., 50, pp. 2624–2627, 2014.

Zacher, D., Shekhah, O., Wöll, C. & Fischer, R.A., Thin Films of Metal–Organic Frameworks, Chem. Soc. Rev., 38, pp. 1418–1429, 2009.

Qiu, L.-G., Li, Z.-Q., Wu, Y., Wang, W., Xu, T. & Jiang, X., Facile Synthesis of Nanocrystals of a Microporous Metal–Organic Framework by an Ultrasonic Method and Selective Sensing of Organoamines, Chem. Commun., 2008, pp. 3642–3644, 2008.

Dey, C., Kundu, T., Biswal, B.P, Mallick, A. & Banerjee, R., Crystalline Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs): Synthesis, Structure and Function, Acta Crystallographica Section B Structural Science, Cryst. Eng. Mat. Crystal Engineering and Materials, 70(1), pp. 3–10, 2014.

Le, B., Duroy. A., H, & Fourquet. J.L., Ab Initio Structure Determination of LiSbWO6 by X-Ray Powder Diffraction, Mater. Res. Bull., 23(3), pp. 447-452, 1998.

Lee, I., Choi, S., Lee, H.J. & Oh, M., Hollow Metal–Organic Framework Microparticles Assembled Via a Self-Templated Formation Mechanism, Cryst. Growth Des., 15(11), pp. 5169–5173, 2015.

Stuart, B., Infrared Spectroscopy: Fundamentals and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Australia, 2004.

Hernández, A., Maya, L., Sánchez-Mora, E. & Sánchez, E.M., Sol-Gel Synthesis, Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity of Mixed Oxide ZnO-Fe2O3, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Techn., 42, pp. 71–78, 2007.

Kumar, S.R., Kumar, S.S & Kulandainathan, M.A., Efficient Electrosynthesis of Highly Active Cu3(BTC)2-MOF and Its Catalytic Application to Chemical Reduction, Micropor. Mesopor. Mat., 168, pp 57–64, 2013.

Čelič, T.B., Mazaj, M., Guillou, N., Kaučič, V. & Logar, N.Z., New Zinc-Based Metal Organic Framework Material, Proceedings of The 3rd Croatian-Slovenian Symposium On Zeolites, pp. 43–46, 2010.

Dong, Y., Zhao, Y., Duan, H. & Huang, J., Electrochemical Performance and Lithium-Ion Insertion/Extraction Mechanism Studies of the Novel Li2ZrO3 Anode Materials, Electrochim Acta, 161, pp. 219–225, 2015.

Natalia, V., Rahmawati, F., Wulandari, A., Purwanto, A., Graphite/Li2ZrO3 Anode for A LiFePO4 Battery, Chemical Papers 73(3), pp. 757–766, 2019.

Xiao, L., Mei, D., Cao, M., Qu, D. & Deng, B., Effects of Structural Patterns and Degree of Crystallinity on the Performance of Nanostructured Zno as Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries, J. Alloys Comp., 627, pp. 455–462, 2015.

Shiraki, S., Shirasawa, T., Suzuki, T., Kawasoko, H., Shimizu, R. & Hitosugi, T., Atomically Well-Ordered Structure at Solid Electrolyte and Electrode Interface Reduces the Interfacial Resistance, ACS. Appl. Mater. Interfaces., 10(48), pp. 41732–41737, 2018.

Li, X., Cheng, F., Zhang, S. & Chen, J., Shape-Controlled Synthesis and Lithium-Storage Study of Metal-Organic Frameworks Zn4O(1,3,5-Benzenetribenzoate)2, J. Power Sources., 160(1), pp. 542–547, 2006.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fj.math.fund.sci.2020.52.1.6

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View my Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM), Center for Research and Community Services (CRCS) Building, 6th & 7th Floor, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia, Tel. +62-22-86010080, Fax.: +62-22-86010051; E-mail: jmfs@lppm.itb.ac.id