Keikutsertaan Masyarakat Dalam Pengembangan Lokal (Studi Kasus: Pengembangan Desa di Jawa Barat)

Dewi Sawitri


Regional development practices, which adopted “Spatial Planning System” concept, have been considered less effective and at the expense of underdeveloped regions. Therefore, underdeveloped regions empowerment has become a very important issue. The concept of Local Resources-based Regional Development has the potential as regional development practices reference. This concept emphasizes local empowerment and places local people as the key element in development, where local people are assigned a pivotal role in the regional development process through active participation. In rural West Java cases, Rural Development experiences have shown that Community Participation has improved rural development achievement. Community participation has not been affected by the distance of villages to the nearest town. The improving of community involvement system and shifting of village leader‟s mindset are the prerequisite of community participation enhancement.

Keywords: regional development, community participation, local empowerment.

Full Text:



Planner, dalam Richard T. LeGates dan Frederic Stout (1996), The City Reader, Second Edition: Ruotledge, London, New York

Blakely, E.J., 1989: Planning Local Economic Development: Theory and Practice, Sage

Publications, Newbury Park.

Boothroyd, P and Davis, H.C,: Community Economic Development: Three Approaches, Campfens, H., 1999: Community Development around the World : Practice, Theory,

Reasearch, Training, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Choguill, M .B, 1996, A Ladder Of Community Participation for Underdevelopment Countries, HABITAT INTL, Vo l 20.No. 3, pp 431-444.

Coffey, W.J. and Polese, M., 1984: The Concept of Local Development: A Stages Model of Endogenous Regional Growth, Papers o f The Regional Science Association 55, 1 – 1 Cook, J.B, 1994, Community Development Theory, Community Development Publication MP 568, Departement of Community Development, University of Missouri-

Columbia, http:// xplor/ miscpubs/ m.

Darminto, F, 2003: Discourse on Public Participation in Planning, Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Vo l.14, No.1, 1-15.

Friedmann,J, 1992: Empowerment. The Politics of Alternative Development, Blackwell Publisher, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Firman. T., 2000: The Wood Processing Industry and Local Development in North Malu ku, Indonesia, Journal of The Institute of Australian Geographers, 38, 219 – 229.

Healey, P. 1992: Planning Through Debate, Town Planning Review, vol. 63, no.2, pp.105-116.

Malizia, E.E. and Feser, E.J., 1999: Understanding Local Economic Development, Center for Urban Policy Research, New Brunswick.

Neil, E, 2001: Local Econo mic Development: A Rev iew And Assessment of its Current Status in South Africa, Urban Studies, Vol. 38. No. 7, 1003-1024.

Nierras, R.M, et al, 2002, Making Participatory Planning in Local Governance Happen,

Institut of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom. Perry, S E,----: Some Terminology and Definitions in The Field of community Economic Develoment.

Rogerson, C.M., 1995: Local Econo mic Development Planning in The Developing Worl,

Regional Development Dialog, 16, V – XV.

Roseland, M. 1998, Toward Sustainable Communities, Gab rio la Islan: Mew Society Publishers.

Salim, W, 2003: Revisiting Co mmunity Participation in Planning, Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Vo l.14, No.1, 16-26.

Soegijoko, B.T, 2005, Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Upaya Pengentasan Kemiskinan Perkotaan, Makalah Seminar: perwu judan Partisipasi dalam Upaya Pengentasan Kemiskinan Perkotaan, ITB, 17 Desember 2005.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 Journal of Regional and City Planning