Akar Benih Krisis Indonesia: Suatu Tinjauan Sejarah dan Tinjauan Asumsi-asumsi Pembangunan

W. J. Wawaroentoe

Abstract


I do not believe that civilizations are fated to break down, so I begin
by exposing the fallacious arguments of the determinists. Having
rejected determinist explanations, I look for an alternative. I find
that the very process by which growth is sustained is inherently risky:
the creative leadership of a society has to resort to social ‘drill’ in
order to carry along the uncreative mass, and this mechanical device
turns against its masters when their creative inspiration fails. I then
have to account for the failure of creativity, and I ascribe it to the
spiritual demoralization to which we human beings seems to be prone on
the morrow of great achievements — a demoralization to which we are not
bound to succumb and for which we ourselves therefore bear the
responsibility. Success seems to make us lazy or self satisfied or
conceited, J muster a series of notable historical examples to show how
this actually happens and how human beings have erred in each case.
(dikutip dari: Why have some civilizations broken down in the past?
Dalam buku A Study of History karangan Arnold Toynbee, 1972: Oxford
University Press and Thames and Hudson Ltd. Dengan catatan kata-kata
yang telah dipertebal telah dipilib oleh pengutip)

Full Text:

PDF


Copyright © 2016 Journal of Regional and City Planning

Creative Commons License
This work licensed under CC-BY-NC, a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Visitor Counter