Analisis Dampak Lalu Lintas dari Gedung Bertingkat Sangat Tinggi pada Kawasan Sentra Bisnis

https://doi.org/10.5614/jts.2021.28.2.8

Authors

  • Harun al-Rasyid Lubis National Center for Sustainable Transportation Technology - Bandung Institute of Technology
  • Febri Zukhruf Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan, Institut Teknologi Bandung
  • Aine Kusumawati Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan, Institut Teknologi Bandung
  • Muhammad Farda National Center for Sustainable Transportation Technology - Institut Teknologi Bandung

Keywords:

Gedung Bertingkat Sangat Tinggi, Analisis Dampak Lalu Lintas, Pemodelan Jaringan Mikroskopik, Trip Rate

Abstract

Abstrak

Pembangunan dan operasional gedung sangat tinggi pada kawasan sentra bisnis dapat menarik dan membangkitkan lalu lintas yang signifikan pada jaringan jalan di kawasan dan sekitarnya. Dengan mengunakan simulator jaringan jalan, yaitu Paramics, makalah ini menganalisis dampak lalu lintas dari pembangunan sebuah super high-rise building atau gedung bertingkat sangat tinggi (GBST) pada kawasan sentra bisnis di Jakarta. Simulator ini divalidasi dengan menggunakan data observasi dilapangan, yaitu data arus kendaraan pada jam puncak. Studi ini juga mengusulkan metode estimasi nilai trip rate untuk super high-rise building. Metode pengukuran tersebut dikembangkan berdasarkan survei bangkitan-tarikan dari gedung dengan fungsi atau karakteristik sejenis di kawasan bisnis tersebut. Metode yang telah dikembangkan tersebut kemudian diterapkan untuk sebuah studi kasus. Studi ini kemudian melakukan pengujian dari beberapa tindakan manajemen lalu lintas untuk meminimalkan dampak lalu lintas yang ditimbulkan oleh pengoperasian gedung super tinggi. Tindakan tersebut diantaranya adalah penambahan lajur jalan, sinyalisasi persimpangan dan pengoperasian transportasi publik di sekitar kawasan. Hasil dari studi ini menunjukan bahwa penerapan tindakan-tindakan manajemen lalu lintas tersebut efektif dalam mengurangi dampak lalu lintas yang diakibatkan oleh pembangunan gedung GBST.

Keywords: Gedung bertingkat sangat tinggi, analisis dampak lalu lintas, pemodelan jaringan mikroskopik, trip rate.

Abstract

The development and operation of a super high-rise building in a central business district will attract and generate significant traffic at nearby road network and surrounding area. Using microscopic traffic network simulator, Paramics, this paper assesses  traffic impact of the development of a super high-rise building located in a busy central business district in Jakarta. The simulator  was validated using field observational data, peak hour traffic flow. This paper also outlines a procedure in  estimating potential  trip rate for a super high-rise building. The estimation method is developed based on trip generation and attraction survey at a building with similar function or characteristic surrounding the business district. The method that has been developed is then applied for the case study. This study then examines the effectiveness of several traffic management measures to minimize the traffic impact caused by the operation of the high-rise building, which are lane addition to road segments, intersection signalization and the operation of public transportation around the district. The results shows that the traffic management measures are effective in reducing the negative impact of the super high-rise building to the surrounding traffic.

Keywords: Super high-rise building, traffic impact assessment, microscopic network modeling, trip rate.

 

Author Biographies

Harun al-Rasyid Lubis, National Center for Sustainable Transportation Technology - Bandung Institute of Technology

Kelompok Keahlian Rekayasa Transportasi, Guru Besar

Febri Zukhruf, Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan, Institut Teknologi Bandung

Kelompok Keahlian Rekayasa Transportasi, Lektor

Aine Kusumawati, Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan, Institut Teknologi Bandung

Kelompok Keahlian Rekayasa Transportasi, Lektor Kepala

Muhammad Farda, National Center for Sustainable Transportation Technology - Institut Teknologi Bandung

National Center for Sustainable Transportation Technology, Research Assistant

References

ACT Government (2016) Guidelines for Transport Impact Assessment. Canberra.

Alberta Infrastructure and Transportation (2005) Traffic Impact Assessment Guideline. Alberta.

Farda, M. and al-Rasyid Lubis, H. (2018) Transportation System Development and Challenge in Jakarta Metropolitan Area, Indonesia, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation Technology. Available at: https://unijourn.com/upload/doc/articleDoc-1557471990902-main.pdf (Accessed: 3 July 2019).

Farda, M. and Balijepalli, C. (2018) "Exploring the effectiveness of demand management policy in reducing traffic congestion and environmental pollution: Car-free day and odd-even plate measures for Bandung city in Indonesia', Case Studies on Transport Policy, 6(4). doi: 10.1016/j.cstp.2018.07.008.

Feng, C., Gu, M. and Zheng, D. (2019) "Numerical simulation of wind effects on super high-rise buildings considering wind veering with height based on CFD', Journal of Fluids and Structures. Academic Press, 91. doi: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2019.102715.

Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia (2015) Peraturan Menteri Perhubungan Republik Indonesia Nomor PM 75 Tahun 2015 tentang Penyelenggaraan Analisis Dampak Lalu Lintas. Jakarta: Kementerian Perhubungan.

Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia (2016) Peraturan Menteri Perhubungan Republik Indonesia Nomor PM. 75 Tahun 2016 Tentang Perubahan Kedua Atas Peraturan Menteri Perhubungan Nomor PM 75 Tahun 2015 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Analisis Dampak Lalu Lintas. Jakarta: Kementerian Perhubungan . Available at: www.peraturan.go.id (Accessed: 5 February 2020).

Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia (2017) Peraturan Menteri Perhubungan Republik Indonesia Nomor PM 11 Tahun 2017 Tentang Perubahan Ketiga Atas Peraturan Menteri Perhubungan Nomor PM 75 Tahun 2015 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Analisis Dampak Lalu Lintas. Jakarta: Kementerian Perhubungan.

Minhans, A., Zaki, N. H. and Belwal, R. (2013) Traffic Impact Assessment: A Case of Proposed Hypermarket in Skudai Town of Malaysia | Minhans | Jurnal Teknologi. Available at: https://jurnalteknologi.utm.my/index.php/jurnalteknologi/article/view/2139/1703 (Accessed: 5 February 2020).

Ottawa City Council (2017) Transportation Impact Assessment Guidelines (2017). Ottawa.

Singapore LTA (2011) Guideline for Preparation of Traffic Impact Assessment Reports. Singapore.

VTPI (2016) Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis. Victoria: Victoria Transport Policy Institute. Available at: https://www.vtpi.org/tca/ (Accessed: 4 February 2020).

Wei, L. et al. (2019) "An Overview of the Practice of Traffic Impact Assessment in Malaysia', International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), 8(5C). Available at: https://www.ijeat.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v8i5C/E11300585C19.pdf (Accessed: 5 February 2020).

Yayat, K. D. et al. (2016) "Traffic Impact Assessment Practice in Indonesia', Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier BV, 227, pp. 75-80. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.06.045.

Younger, J. S. et al. (2015) "Greater Jakarta, the world's second-largest conurbation - part 1', Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer. Thomas Telford Ltd, 168(4), pp. 253-261. doi: 10.1680/jmuen.14.00050.

Published

2021-09-03