Kualitas Papan Zephyr Pelepah Sawit dan Papan Komposit Komersial Sebagai Bahan Bangunan

Lusita Wardani, Muhamad Yusram Massijaya, Yusuf Sudo Hadi, I Wayan Darwaman

Abstract


Abstrak. Papan zephyr dapat dibuat dari pelepah sawit dari limbah perkebunan kelapa sawit. Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan kualitas Papan Zephyr Pelepah Sawit (PZP) dengan beberapa jenis papan bio-komposit komersial (plywood, papan blok dan papan partikel) yang ada dipasar berdasarkan sifat fisis-mekanisnya. PZP yang dibandingkan adalah papan zephyr dibuat dari 3 lapis lembaran zephyr yang disusun bersilang dengan perekat urea formaldehida. Papan komposit komersial diambil secara acak di toko bahan bangunan. Hasil penelitian diperoleh PZP 3 lapis, plywood, papan blok dan papan partikel masing-masing mempunyai kerapatan 0.79 g cm⁻³, 0.81 g.cm⁻³, 0.40 g.cm⁻³ dan 0.67 g.cm⁻³. Nilai rata-rata MOE masing-masing adalah 617.6(x10² kg.cm⁻²), 728.47 (x10² kg.cm⁻²), 398.74 (x10² kg.cm⁻²) dan 199.22(x10² kg.cm⁻²) dan MOR 405 kg cm⁻², 541 kg cm⁻²., 207 kg cm⁻². dan 119 kg cm⁻² serta kuat pegang sekrup masing-masing, 88.49 kg, 92 kg, 53.6 kg dan 61.4 kg. Papan zephyr hasil pengolahan limbah pelepah sawit ternyata mempunyai kualitas yang sama baiknya dengan plywood, bahkan lebih baik daripada papan blok dan papan partikel yang diuji.

Abstract. Zephyr board can be made from oil palm petiole, the waste from oil palm plantation. The objective of this study was to compare the quality of palm petiole zephyr board (PPZB) and the quality of several types of commercial biocomposite boards (plywood, block board, and particle board) available in market based on their physicalmechanical properties. PPZB that was compared was the zephyr board made from 3 layers of zephyr strands arranged crossly with urea formaldehyde adhesive. The target density was 0.8 g cm⁻³, and the board size was 300 mm x 300 mm x 10 mm at a pressing temperature of 120 ⁰C, and a pressure of 25 kg cm⁻² for 10 minutes. The commercial composite boards were taken randomly from a hardware store. The results of the study showed that
3-layer PPZB, plywood, block board and particle board each had the density of 0.79 g cm⁻³, 0.81 g.cm⁻³, 0.40 g.cm⁻³ and 0.67 g.cm⁻³, respectively. The respective average value of MOE of each board was 617.6(x10² kg.cm⁻²), 728.47(x10² kg.cm⁻²), 398.74 (x10² kg.cm⁻²) and 199.22(x10² kg.cm⁻²), and that of MOR of each board was 405 kg cm⁻², 541 kg cm⁻², 207 kg cm⁻², and 119 kg cm⁻², while the screw holding strength of each was 88.49 kg, 92 kg, 53.6 kg and 61.4 kg, respectively.

Keywords


Kualitas papan zephyr pelepah sawit; papan komposit komersial.

Full Text:

PDF

References


[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik, 2010, Statistik Indonesia. Jakarta.

Bektha, P.L, cke J, Moeze, Z., 2003, Short–Term Effect of The Temperatur on The Bending Strength of Wood-Based Panels. Holzals Roh-und Werkstoff. 61(6). Dec. abstract.

Erniwati, Y.S., Hadi, M.Y., Massijaya, N.N., 2006. The Quality of the Composite Board with Bamboo Layers (II): Utilization of Parafin at Several Levels. J. Teknologi Hasil Hutan 19 (1); 32-39.

Frihart, C.R., 2004, Adhesive Interactions with Wood. General Technical Report FPL-GTR-149. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI Haygreen, J.G, Bowyer, J.L., 1996. Hasil Hutan dan Ilmu Kayu. Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Ishida, M., Hassan, A.O., 1992. Chemical Composition and in Vitro Digestibility of Leaf and Petiole From Various Location in Oil Palm Fronds. In Proceedings of 15th Malaysian Society of Animal Production, May 26-27, 1992, Kuala Trengganu, Malaysia, 115-118.

Jalaludin, H, Latif, M, Noor, M. 2000., Interior Grade Particleboard from Bamboo (Gigantochloa scortechinii) : Influence of age, particle siza, resin and wax content on board properties.

Journal of Tropical Forest Products.6(2): 142-151.

[JIS] A 5908, 2003, Japanese Industrial Standard[JIS]. Particleboards. Japanese Standard Association. Jepang.

[JAS] Japanese Agricultural Standard,. 2008.MAFF, Notification No. 1751. 2008. Plywood. Japanese Standard Association. Jepang.

Kelly, M.W., 1977, Critical Literature Review of Relationship between Processing Parameters and Physical Properties of Particle-board. USDA for. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-10.

Madison, WI: USDA, Forest Service, Forest Product Laboratory. 66 pp

Massijaya, M.Y, Tambunan, B., Hadi, Y.S., Bakar, E.S., dan Sunarni, I., 1999, Studi Pembuatan Papan Partikel dari Limbah Kayu dan Plastik Polystyrene, Jurnal Teknologi Hasil Hutan,

Fakultas Kehutanan IPB .

Maloney, 1998, Modern Particleboard and Dry - Process Fiberboard Manufacturing. Updated Edition. San Francisco (US): Miller Freeman Pr Nugroho, N., dan Ando, N., 2001a, Selected Properties

of Full-Sized Bamboo-Reinforced Composite Beam. In Proc. of Pacific Timber Engineering Conference, 14-18 march 2001. Roturua, New-Zealand. Vol.3:455-458.

Nugroho, N., dan Ando, N., 2001b, Development of Structural Composite Products Made From Bamboo II: Fundamental Properties of Laminated Bamboo Lumber. J. Wood Sci., 47 (3), 237–242.

Nugroho, N., 2000, Development of Processing Methods for Bamboo Composites Materials and Its Structural Performance (Disertasion). The University of Tokyo

Roh, J.K., and Ra, J.B., 2009. Effect of Mouisture Content and Density on The Mechanical Properties of Veneer-Bamboo Zephyr Composites. Forest Product Journal .59(3) :75-78.

Rahman, KS., Nazmulalam, D.M.1 and Nazrul Islam. Md., 2012, Some Physical and Mechanical Properties of Bamboo Mat-WoodVeneer Plywood. Journal of Biological Sciences.1(2):61-64

Rowell, R.M., 2005, Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites: Wood Adhesion and Adhesives. CRC Press.

Sukma, S.K., Ruslan, W.I,, Darmawan, T., Amin, Y, Massijaya, M.Y., Subiyanto, B., 2011, Pengembangan Papan Komposit dari Limbah Perkebunan Sagu (Metroxylon sago Rottb) Prosiding MAPEKI XIV, November 2-4, Yogyakarta.

Walker. JCF. 1993. Primary Wood Processing. Principles and Practice. London. Published by Chapman and Hall.

Wardani. L, Massijaya, M.Y., Hadi, Y.S., Darmawan, I.W., 2014a, Performance of zephyr board made from various rolling crush Number and palm oil petiole parts. 2014. J. Agric. Forestry Fisheris, 3

(2): 71-77. http://www.science publishinggroup.com.jj.afs.

Wardani. L, Massijaya, M.Y., Hadi, Y.S and Darmawan, I.W., 2014b, The Effect of Zephyr Layer Orientation on Zephyrboard Made from Oil Palm Petiole. Makara J. Technol. 18/1 (2014):36-40

Wardani,. L. Machdie, F., Hadi, Y.S., 2014c, Stucture and Dimensions Fiber of Oil Palm Frond. Jurnal Hutan Tropis 3(1): 7-16.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fjts.2015.22.2.2

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


web
analytics

Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License