Kain Songket Palembang dengan Penerapan Teknik Batik sebagai Produk Fesyen

Nadina Sukma Salim

Abstract


Less variation on motifs and facing the low cost production of machine woven Songket has make the Songket Palembang crafters are trying to use alternative materials, like synthetic silk, cheap threads et cetera. In the middle of the batik trend in since UNICEF announced Batik as intangible heritage from Indonesia, many people inside and outside Palembang do not know about what is Batik Palembang. Sadly, lack of knowledge about this, the community tends to choose machine woven textiles upon their own traditional folk art such as hand woven textiles. Therefore, reintroducing Palembang batik that is almost forgotten and the need for a new variation in kain Songket Palembang creation become one of the goals in this research. Songket has influences from China and India especially its color and motifs. A rich city as Palembang in the past has made its Kingdom can afford to buy gold threads from China to decorate Songket as the cloth for their royal women costume. The users are ranked divided to its quality and the motifs of the Songket. At the same time, batik is also used by Palembang citizens for it was known as trading matters. The Palembangan motifs had a lot of absorbance from not only floral and animals of Palembang, songket motifs, but also from Indian and places where they are made in Pesisir Jawa. One of the solutions offer is by implementing batik technique upon kain Songket Palembang. As an act of decorating cloth surface, this technique is surely can be done for this textille is made of silk thread. Using a qualitative mode, the data were collected through literatures, interviews and non-participate observation at Songket Palembang and Batik crafters’ studios. With multidiscipline approaches for inspiration in creating the artworks, the datas were united for their analysis. The artwork process began by researching the aesthetical matters from Palembang to the designs for developing Batik motifs. The result is Batik technique can be implemented to the Songket survace with the adequate batik dyeing technique into become a suitable fashion product. Aiming to give a new variation, this will give a new look on Songket Palembang which none has ever done it before.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fj.vad.2016.7.2.2

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