Design Criteria in Revitalizing Old Warehouse District on the Kalimas Riverbank Area of Surabaya City

Endang Titi Sunarti Darjosanjoto, Setyo Nugroho, R.Winton Danardi


Neglected warehouse buildings along the Kalimas River have created a poor urban façade in terms of visual quality. However the city government is planning to encourage tourism activities that take advantage of Kalimas River and its surrounding environment. If there is no good plan in accordance with the concept of local identity for old city of Surabaya, it will reduce it as a tourist attraction. In reference to the issue above, design criteria needs to be compiled for revitalizing the old warehouse district, which is expected to revive the identity of this district and be able to support the city’s tourism. This study was conducted by recording field observations, and the data was analyzed using the character appraisal method. The character appraisal analysis method is presented in the form of street picture data, which is divided into determined segments. The results show that there are five components including place attachment, sustainable urban design, green open space design, ecological riverfront design, and activity support that should be considered in the revitalization of the warehouse district. Those components are divided into two parts: building and open space at the riverbank. There are 13 design criteria for building at the riverbank, while there are 14 design criteria for open space at the riverbank. These design criteria can enrich the warehouse district’s revitalization by improving the visual quality of the urban environment.

Keywords: design criteria; warehouse district; riverbank; Surabaya; revitalization.

Full Text:



Handinoto, Perkembangan Kota dan Arsitektur Kolonial Belanda di Surabaya (1870-1940), LPPKM UK, Petra Surabaya &Penerbit Andi Yogyakarta, 1996.

Budihardjo, E., Kota Berkelanjutan,Penerbit Alumni, Bandung, 1999.

Putra, R.D.W., Nugroho, S., Darjosanjoto, E.T.S., The Role of Riverbank Area as Community Space in Surabaya City, Case Study: Kampung Jambangan and Kampung Keputran, Asian Urban Place Great Asian Street Symposium Department of Architecture School of Design and Environment, Natioanl University of Singapore ISBN 978-981-09-3687-7, Reference: A201412030011, pp.78-82, 2014

Darjosanjoto, E.T.S. & Nugroho, S., Design Criteria for Open Space at the Riverbank Area in Kampung Wonorejo Timur, International Journal of Education and Research, ISSN: 2411-5681, Vol. 3 No. 4 April 2015.

Crowe, N., Nature and the Idea of Man-Made World, MIT Press. 1995.

Ritchie, A. & Thomas, R., Sustainable Urban Design: An Environmental Approach, Taylor and Francis. 2009.

Trancik, R., Finding Lost Space: Theories of Urban Design, Wiley, 1986.

Norberg-Schulz, C., Nightlands: Nordic Building, Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press, 1996.

Otto, B., McCormick, K. & Leccese, M., Ecological Riverfront Design: Restoring Rivers, Connecting Communities, American Planning Association, Planning Advisory Service Report Number, pp. 518-519, 2004.

Rapoport, A., The Meaning of Built Environment–A Nonverbal Communication Approach, The University of Arizona Press, 1990.

Shirvani, H., The Urban Design Process, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1985.

Altman, I. & Low, S.M., Place Attachment, Human Behavior and Environment, Springer, 1992.

Oliver, P., Dwelling: the House across the World, University of Texas Press, 1987.

Rossi, A., The Architecture of the City, The MIT Press, 1982.

Holmes, A.M., Old Town Conservation Area Character Appraisal, the City Development Department: Planning & Strategy, ISBN 1851910719, Edinburgh, 2005.

Urban Design Toolkit, The New Zealand Ministry for the Environment, (March 2013).

Mutlu, B., Hacıömeroğlu, M., Guzel, M.S., Dikmen, M. & Sever, H., Silhouette Extraction from Street View Images, International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, DOI: 10.5772/58740, pp.1-12, 2014.



  • There are currently no refbacks.