Paper ID:10233

Comparative Study of Themes of Iran National Epic in Old and Contemporary Iranian Miniatures

Sediqeh Pourmokhtar & Morteza Afshari
Art Research, Faculty of Art, Shahed University, Iran.
Email: s.pourmokhtar@ut.ac.ir

Received 29 January 2019, Accepted 25 June 2019.

Abstract. Literary works are one of the main sources of Persian painting. National Epic literature of Iran, Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, has been noticed more than other literary types because it narrates the chivalry of the kings and national heroes of Iran. In different periods, the Iranian artists benefit the themes of this, the main pillars of Iranian literature. But the encounter of artists to this work varied in different periods. This research inspects old Iranian miniatures of Baysonghori Shahnameh and their adaptation in terms of contents and literary themes with works of contemporary Iranian artists. The research has been carried out through descriptive-analytical and comparative approach. The present study seeks to answer this question; what are the differences and similarities between the old and contemporary miniatures regarding epic Iranian literature? The findings show that similarities and differences are a function of social and economic conditions and also changing the artist and audiences place.
Keywords: Baysonghori Shahnameh; contemporary miniatures; old miniatures.

References

[1] Roueen, P., Iranian Painting from Ancient Times up to Now. Zarrin and Simin Press, 2006.
[2] Sima, D., Dictionary of Literary Terms, Morvarid Press, 2008.
[3] Jalal, Kh. M., Epic: Adaptive Phenomenology of Heroic Poetry, The Great Islamic Encyclopedia Center Press.2007.
[4] Zabih, Allah, S., Epic in Iran, Pirouz Press, 1954.
[5] Morteza, R., Iranian social History, Negah Press, 2004.
[6] Jalal, Kh.M., Encyclopedia of Persian Language and Literature, 4. Persian Language and Literature Academy Press.2012.
[7] Roueen, P., Encyclopedia of Art, Rozaneh Press, 2008.
[8] Abolfazl, T., Miniature Workshop, Iran Textbooks Publishing Company, 2011.
[9] http://www.iranicaonline.org
[10] Abolghasem, F., Shahnameh, Correcting the glory of the Absolute Creator, C4. California: The Heritage Foundation of Iran, 2005.
[11] Abolqasem, F. Zal and Simorgh. Islamic Studies Institute of Tehran University, 2011.
[12] Abolqasem. F. Ferdowsi's Shahnameh (Bisanqari Edition). Offset.1994.
[13] Naseri Pour, Mohammad. (1383). Well Done to Your Pen O Behzad. Soroush, 2005.
[14] Abolqasem. F., The image of Shir Ojan `s Horsemen in Shahnameh Hakim Ferdowsi, Illustrator Mahmoud Farshchian. 2009.