Paper ID:7630

Colour Coding and Thematic Environmental Graphic Design in Hermina Children’s Hospital

Asri Dwiputri, Wirania Swasty
School of Creative Industries - Telkom University
Jl. Telekomunikasi no 1, Terusan Buah Batu Bandung- Indonesia
Email: wirania@telkomuniversity.ac.id

Received 9 April 2018, Revised 21 May 2019, Accepted 28 June 2019

Abstract. Hospitalization has a psychological impact on pediatric patients. A hospital is a complex area, so it takes the information from environmental graphics at building. It is necessary to design informative, communicative and educative environmental graphic design media to support child development and utilize colour coding.  The problem formulation is how to express environmental graphic design (EGD) that is communicative, attractive and educative in the children’s hospital and what is the role of colour coding in design? This study is a case study approach of Hermina Hospital-Depok. The study using literature study, observation, interviews and questionnaires. The colour coding is used as a strategy to differentiate the area in a place and provide an understanding of the complex facility. The purpose of this study is to design an effective EGD in hospital as a means of information and communication to the visitors especially children. Another aim is to apply colour-coding to a complex area.

Keywords: Environmental Graphic Design, Colour Coding, Children, Hospital.

References

[1]          Halstroom dan Elander, 1997 in Supartini, Y., Konsep Dasar Keperawatan Anak. Jakarta: EGC, 2004.

[2]          Leonard, A.L., Verster, A. And Coetzee, M., 2014. Developing family-friendly signage in a South African paediatric healthcare setting, Curationis 37(2), Art. #1250, 7 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v37i2.1250

[3]          Calori, C. Signage and Wayfinding Design: A Complete Guide to Creating Environmental Graphic Design Systems. California: John Wiley, 2007.

[4]          Murphy, P., Establishing a sense of place. Shopping Center World. Atlanta 30(12), p. 82, 2001.

[5]          Calori, C. and Vanden-Eynden, D., Signage and Wayfinding Design. Canada: Wiley, 2015.

[6]          Whitbread, D., The Design Manual. Australia: UNSW Press Book, 2009.

[7]          Rubenstein, H., A guide to site planning and landscape construction. Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1996.

[8]          Carpman, J.R.; Grant, M.A.; Simmons, D.A. Design that Cares: Planning Health Facilities for Patients and Visitors; American Hospital Publishing: Chicago, IL, USA, 1986. In Devlin, A.S. Wayfinding in Healthcare Facilities: Contributions from Environmental Psychology, Behavioral Sciences 4, pp 423–436, 2014. doi:10.3390/bs4040423

[9]          Adhi, A., Perancangan Signage Transportasi Trans Metro Bandung, Unikom. 2013. (6 May 2016). ( http://elib.unikom.ac.id/)

[10]      Jonas WB, Chez RA:Toward optimal healing environments in health care. J Altern Complement Med 10(Suppl 1):S1-6, 2004  in Thompson, S. C., Shahid, S., Bessarab, D., Durey, A., & Davidson, P. M. (2011). Not just bricks and mortar: Planning hospital cancer services for aboriginal people. BMC Research Notes, 4, 62. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-4-62

[11]      Mollerup, P. Wayshowing in Hospital, Australasian Medical Journal 1(10), pp. 112-114, 2009. in Leonard, A.L., Verster, A. & Coetzee, M., Developing family-friendly signage in a South African paediatric healthcare setting, Curationis 37(2), Art. #1250, pp. 1-7, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v37i2.1250

[12]      Salera‚ÄźVieira, J. And Tanner, J. Color Coding for Multiples: A Multidisciplinary Initiative to Improve the Safety of Infant Multiples. Nursing for Women's Health, 13 (1), 2009. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-486X.2009.01385.x

[13]      Brittin, J., Sorensen, D., Trowbridge, M., Lee, K. K., Breithecker, D., Frerichs, L., & Huang, T. Physical activity design guidelines for school architecture. PLoS One, 10(7), 2015. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132597

[14]      O’Grady, J. And O’Grady, K.V. A Designer’s Research Manual: Succeed in Design by Knowing your Clients + Understanding What They Really Need – second edition, updated + expanded. Beverly: Rockport, 2017.

[15]      Wilia, N., Hermina Hospital, Depok, Final Project interview, 2016.

[16]      Waskito, E., Gusto Sign, Bandung, Final Project interview, 2016.

[17]      Heliani, Maranatha Christian University, Bandung, Final Project interview, 2016

[18]      Sendjaja, Teori-Teori Komunikasi. Universitas Terbuka, 1994.

[19]      Cooper, R. & Smith, R. ‘Sign language: Wayfinding design requires a team approach’, Health Facilities Management 17(9), 24–28 in Leonard, A.L., Verster, A. & Coetzee, M., 2014. Developing family-friendly signage in a South African paediatric healthcare setting, Curationis 37(2), pp. 1-7, 2004. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v37i2.1250