PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PENERIMAAN BIOPESTISIDA (Studi Kasus Pada Petani Sayuran di Desa Cipada Kecamatan Cisarua Kabupaten Bandung Barat)
Traditional agriculture is characterized by the high use of chemical pesticide (highly) so that it leaves chemical pesticide residues. On the other hand, consumers awareness to get free of chemical pesticide agriculture product tends to increase so that the use of environmentally friendly pesticides is required. Biopesticides’ are environmentally friendly pesticides, but actually the number of farmers who use it is still low. Therefore, we need to develop a biopesticides acceptance model by vegetable farmer. This research aims to measure the willingness of acceptance biopesticides by vegetable farmer in Cipada, and develop a biopesticides acceptance model. We use the structured interviews survey method with 30 respondents as the research method. Acceptance of biopesticides by the vegetable farmers in Cipada is assumed into two conditions. In the first condition, biopesticides have the same performance with chemical pesticides. In the second conditions, biopesticides have a perform ance of 10%-20% lower than chemical pesticides. Convenience sampling is used to take the samples in this research. To analyze the data, we use descriptive statistic. The results of the research show that in first condition, 97% of the respondents are willing to accept biopesticides, while 3% of the respondents are not. The increasing factors of biopesticides acceptance are education level, years of farm experience, decreasing of pesticides efectivity perseption, vegetable farmer knowledge about biopesticides, and farming area. Mean while, the decreasing factor of biopesticides acceptance are farming area ownership, increasing pest attack and plant disease perception, pest resistance perception, new pest presence perception, weather change perception, vegetable farmer knowledge about the hazard of pesticides, experience of healthy risk by using of pestisicides, and farmer income. Then in the second conditions, the percentage of respondents who are willing to use biopesticides is 40% and the others are not willing to use.
Key words: biopesticides, vegetable farmers, acceptance of biopesticides, developing of biopesticides acceptance model.
Al Hasan, R., Jatoe ,J.B.D., and Egyir, I.S. 2010. Biopesticides in Ghana : Vegetable Farmer’s Perception and Willingness to Pay. The IUP Journal of Agriculture Economics, VII- 4.
Ameriana, M. 2006. “Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Kepedulian Konsumen terhadap Sayuran Aman Residu Pestisida (Kasus pada Buah Tomat di Kota Bandung)”. Jurnal Hortikultura 16(1):77-86.
Ameriana, M. 2008. “Perilaku Petani Sayuran dalam Menggunakan Pestisida Kima”. Jurnal Hortikultura 18(1):95-106 Bailey, K.L.,
S.M. Boyetchko, and T. Lange. 2010. Social and economic drivers shaping the future of biological control: A Canadian perspective on the factors affecting the development and use of microbial biopesticides. Biological Control 52 (2010) 221–229
Blay, E. 2000. Handbook of Crop Protection Recommendations in Ghana : An IPM Approach, Volume 2: Vegetables, Monistry of Food and Agriculture, Ghana.
Garming, Hildegard and Waibel, Herman. 2009. “Pesticides and farmer health in Nicaragua: a willingness-to-pay approach to evaluation”. Europa Journal Health Economy 10:125– 133
Gupta, Suman and A.K. Dikshit. 2010. “Biopesticides : An ecofriendly approach for pest control”. Journal of Biopesticides 3(1 Special Issue) 186 - 188 (2010) Kanuk, L. Lazar and Leon G. Sciffman. 2004. Consumer Behaviour 7th edition. New Jersey : Prentice-Hall Inc.
Kothler, Philip. 2003. Marketing Management, Analyzing, Planning, Implementation, and Control 9th edition. New Jersey : Prentice-Hall Inc.
Nitisusastro, Mulyadi. 2012. Perilaku Konsumen dalam Perspektif Kewirausahaan. Bandung : Alfabeta
Siregar, Syofian. 2011. Statistika Deskriptif untuk Penelitian. Jakarta : Rajawali Press.
Srinivasan, R. 2012. “Integratinbiopesticides in pest management strategies for tropical vegetable production”. Journal Biopesticides, 5 (Supplementary): 36-45 The United State Enviromental Control Act. www.epa.gov. Diakses 01 Agustus 2012.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.