KOSMOLOGI MEDIA INTERPRETASI MAKNA PADA ARSITEKTUR TIONGHOA TRADISIONAL

Sugiri Kustedja, Antariksa Sudikno, Purnama Salura

Abstract


Uraian untuk memaknai unsur-unsur arsitektur bangunan tradisional Tionghoa, seringkali dilakukan secara sebagian-sebagian saja dari seluruh komponen bangunan. Penelitian ini memaparkan pendekatan lain, bahwa konsep arsitektur bangunan vernacular Tionghoa secara integral dapat dimaknai dengan cepat dan tepat, baik global maupun detail komponennya dengan menggunakan medium analisis pemahaman kosmologi tradisional Tionghoa. Dipaparkan uraian singkat dari pokok utama falsafah dasar tradisional Tionghoa hasil pemikiran para cendekiawan kuno dalam jangkauan pengetahuan pada masanya. Menarik untuk diperhatikan bahwa hasil perenungan yang bila dibandingkan dalam konteks ilmu pengetahuan sekarang, pemikiran yang merupakan tahap konsep proto-science dapat persistent bertahan sampai kini dalam ilmu terapan seperti terlihat pada contoh yang diberikan. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara eksplorasi, eksplikasi, dan penafsiran hermeunatik. Kata kunci : kosmologi, vernacular, falsafah terapan, correlative thinking.

The effort to understand the meaning of traditional Chinese vernacular architecture, most of the time was done by exploring partial components of the building. This paper shows a different approach that the whole integral Chinese vernacular building can be interpreted conveniently through understanding traditional Chinese cosmology. Short descriptions are given for each major traditional phylosophycal subjecs. It is very interesting to note that those proto-science ideas are persistently being applied to present situation as shown by some of the samples. This research is done through exploration, explanation, and interpretative hermeunatics.
Keywords : cosmology, vernacular, applied philosophy, correlative thinking.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bruun, Ole. 2008. An Introduction to Feng Shui. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.

Henderson, John B. 1984. The development and decline of Chinese cosmology. New York : Columbia University Press.

Institute of the History of Natural Sciences. Chinese academy of sciences. 1986. History and Development of Ancient Chinese Architecture. Beijing: Science Press.

Kelley, David H. Milone, Eugene F. 2011. Exploring Ancient Skies. 2/e. New York: Springer Verlag.

Moran, Elizabeth. Yu, Joseph. Biktashev, Val. 2002. The complete idiot’s guide to Feng Shui. 2/e. Indianapolis: Alpha.

Penprase, Bryan E. 2011. The Power of Stars. New York : Springer

Ronan, Colin A. Joseph Needham. 2000. The shorter Science & Civilisation in China. Vol 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Skinner, G. William. 1995. The city in late imperial China. Taipei : SMC Publishing Inc.

Skinner, Stephen. 2006. Feng Shui, The Living Earth Manual. Vermount : Tuttle Publishing.

Swetz, Frank J. 2008. Legacy of the Luoshu. Wellesley, Massachusetts : AK Peters, Ltd.

Taniputera, Ivan. 2008. History of China. Yogyakarta : Ar-ruzz Media.

Wang, Aihe. 2000. Cosmology and Political Culture in Early China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Werner, Edward TC. 1922. Myths and Legends of China. London : George G. Harrap. Disertasi.

Chang, Simon Shieh-Haw. 1986. The spatial organization and socio-cultural basis of traditional courtyard houses. University of Edinburgh, U.K. Referensi.

Eliade, Marcea editor. 1987. The Encyclopedia of Religion. New York: McMillan Publishing

Coy. O‘Collins, Gerald SJ. et al. 1996. Kamus Teologi. Yogyakarta : Kanisius. Laman internet.

hewan penjaga langit : http://academic.evergreen.edu/d/diamanth/chinese/4animals.htm Diakses 18 September 2011.

hewan penguasa langit; detail: http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=&tn=baiduimagedetail&word. Diakses 18 September 2011.

Armillary sphere. http://farm1.static.flickr.com/42/124179233_da5c195803.jpg ; diakses 16 September 2011.

Bendera negara Korea Selatan : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_South_Korea ; diakses 16 September 2011. Koin mata uang Singapura Sing $ 1.00 :

http://www.msymboll.totalh.com/singapore_dollar_img/1%20singapore%20dollar%20coin%201995.jpg ; diakses 16 September 2011.

Luo-pan : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Loupan.jpg ;diakses 20 Agustus 2011.

Perkiraan denah ming-tang: http://baike.baidu.com/view/103723.htm ; diakses 18 September 2011.











View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.