BUDAYA TEKNOLOGI DI INDONESIA: KENDALA DAN PELUANG MASA DEPAN

Yasraf Amir Pilliang

Abstract


Teknologi adalah manifestasi dari imajinasi manusia tentang sebuah dunia yang lebih baik. Melalui teknologi manusia membangun masa depan kebudayaan dan kehidupan mereka. Perkembangan teknologi tidak saja ditentukan oleh nilai-nilai budaya yang ada, tetapi ia justru dapat membentuk budaya-budaya baru: budaya media, budaya informasi atau budaya virtual. Dalam relasi antara teknologi dan budaya, ada sebuah paradoks. Di satu pihak, untuk menumbuhkan teknologi, diperlukan semacam “budaya teknologi”, yaitu nilai-nilai budaya yang mendorong perkembangan teknologi : daya kreativitas, rasionalitas, mental produktif, dan berorientasi ke depan. Di pihak lain, ada berbagai benturan nilai akibat keberadaan teknologi tertentu di dalam masyarakat. Benturan ini terjadi bila teknologi tak hanya dipandang sebagai sebuah alat guna dan utilitas, tetapi sebagai pencipta makna. Nihilisme adalah kondisi ketika manusia menyerahkan diri mereka pada bingkai teknologi, yang kemudian mengendalikan makna hidup mereka: panik, serba cepat, instan, dan tercabut dari alam. Teknologi lalu menjadi semacam „beban sosial‟. Untuk menghindarkan sifat nihilisme teknologi, berbagai paradigma baru diusulkan: “budaya berpikir holistik”, yang melihat teknologi dalam sudut pandang seluas-luasnya; “budaya ketiga”, yaitu simbiosis antara paradigma teknologi dan kebudayaan; dan “teknologi yang manusiawi”, yaitu kombinasi teknologi tinggi dan sentuhan manusia. Kata kunci: teknologi, manusia, kebudayaan, makna, kreativitas Technology is a manifestation of human imagination about a better world. Through technology, humans build their future culture and their lives. Technological development is not only determined by cultural values that exist, but it establishes new cultures instead: the media culture, virtual culture or cultural information. In the relationship between technology and culture, there is a paradox. On the one hand, to develop the technology, some kind of "technological culture" is needed, i.e. cultural values that encourage the development of technology: creativity, rationality, mentally productive and future oriented. On the other hand, there are various conflicts of values due to the existence of certain technologies in society. This collision occurred when the technology is not only seen as a tool for and utility, but as a creator of meaning. Nihilism is the condition when humans submit themselves within the frame of technology, which then controls the meaning of their lives: frantic, fast-paced, instant and unplugging nature. Technology then becomes a sort of 'social burden'. To avoid the nihilism nature of technology, various new paradigm proposed "holistic thinking culture", which saw the technology in the widest angle of view; "third culture", which is a symbiosis between technology and cultural paradigms, and "human technology", which is a combination of high technology and the human touch. Key words: technology, humans, culture, meaning, creativity.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fsostek.itbj.2013.12.28.1








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