An analysis of Obama’s Speech at climate Change Conference COP 21 in Paris in 2015 Using Fairclough’s Three-Dimensional Model
The aim of this paper is to analyze Obama’s speech at climate change conference (COP 21) held in Paris November 18, 2015. The analysis uses Fairclough’s three-dimensional model The three-dimensional model includes such aspects as text (language), discursive practice, and social practice. The results of analyzing these aspects show that under the textual (language) aspect, this speech is dominated by the use of both the imperative mood and material process of transitivity. Under the discursive practice, the speech blends the discourse of long-term commitment in achieving the two degree Celsius global warming target with the discourse of innovation and investment in clean energy technologies. As for its social practice, the speech reflects the shifting from the discourse of climate change into the discourse of innovation and investment in clean energy.
Keywords: Fairclough’s three-dimensional model, imperative mood, transitivity, climate change (global warming) discourse, clean energy technology innovation and investment discourse
Assmundson, M. Persuading the Public: A Linguistic Analysis of Barack Obama’s Speech on “Super Tuesday” 2008, accessed in 16/2/2016 from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/29753220_Persuading_the_Public_A_Linguistic_Analysis_of_Barack_Obama's_Speech_on_Super_Tuesday_2008, and full text in http://du.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:518454/FULLTEXT01
Capone, A. Barack Obama's South Carolina Speech. Journal of Pragmatics, Volume 42, issue 11, November 2010, accessed in 15/02/2016 from http://philpapers.org/archive/CAPBOS.pdf
Catalano, T. Barack Obama: A semiotic analysis of his Philadelphia Speechl. Communication Studies, Department of at DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Issues in Political Discourse Analysis, Vol. 3, Issue I-Special Issue, accessed in 17/2/2016 from
Fairclough. 2003. Analysing Discourse Textual Analysis for Social Research. Routledge Taylor and Francis Group: UK
Fontane, L. 2013.Analysing English Grammar: A systemic functional introduction. Cambridge University Press: UK
Forey, Gail. Aspects Of Theme and their Role in Workplace Texts. Ph.D. Dissertation,
Department of English Language, Faculty of Arts, University of Glasgow. Accessed 4/3/2016 from http://www.isfla.org/Systemics/Print/Theses/ForeyThesis/Ch03.pdf
Giddens. A. 2009. The politics of Climate Change. Polity Press: UK
Halliday, M. A. K.(1979). Linguistic function and literary style: an inquiry into the language of William Golding‟s The Inheritors. In Linguistic Studies of Text and Discourse. ed. Jonathan J.Webster. 88-125. Peking: Peking University Press.
Halliday and Matthiessen. 2004. An Introduction to Functional Grammar (3rd Edition). Hodder Arnold: UK
Hu Zhuanglin.(1988). A Course of Linguistics. Peking: Peking University Press.
Jørgensen, M. and Phillips, L.2002. Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method. Sage: London
Kazemian, B and Hashemi, S. Critical Discourse Analysis of Barack Obama's 2012 Speeches: Views from Systemic Functional Linguistics and Rhetoric. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 4, No. 6, pp. 1178-1187, June 2014, accessed 18/02/2016 from http://ojs.academypublisher.com/index.php/tpls/article/view/tpls04061178-1187
Key Dates on World’s Climate Change Conference accessed 14/02/2016 from http://www.cop21.gouv.fr/en/key-dates/
Newell P. and Paterson, M. 2010. Climate Capitalism: Global Warming and the Transformation of the Global Economy. Cambridge University Press: UK
Paterson, M. 1996. Global Warming and Global Politics. Routledge: London
Sarfo, E. and Krampa, E. A. Language at War: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Speeches of Bush and Obama on Terrorism. International J. Soc. Sci. & Education Vol.3 Issue 2, 2013, accessed on 18/02/2016 from http://ijsse.com/sites/default/files/issues/2012/volume%203%20issue%202,%202012/paper/Paper-12.pdf
Savoy, J. Lexical Analysis of US Political Speeches, Journal of Quantitative Linguistics 17, issue 2, 123-141, 2010, accessed in 18/2/2016 from
Schreurs, M. and Papadakis, E. 2007. Historical Dictionary of the Green Movement (
Second Edition). The Scarecrow Press, Inc.: USA
The mission innovation accessed in 14/02/2016 from http://newsroom.unfccc.int/clean-energy/mission-innovation-clean-energy/
Viberg, B. In the Name of Freedom: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the political discourse in the inaugural speeches of George W. Bush and Barack H. Obama from a postcolonial
Perspective, accessed 18/02/2016 from . https://gupea.ub.gu.se/bitstream/2077/26216/1/gupea_2077_26216_1.pdf.
Wang, J. Critical Discourse Analysis of Barack Obama’s Speeches. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 254-261, May 2010, accessed 18/02/2016 From http://www.academypublication.com/issues/past/jltr/vol01/03/12.pdf
Wibowo, Y. et. al. Act of Representative within Obama’s Speech at Interfaith Prayer Vigil in Newtown, Connecticut, Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FIB, Vol 2, No 1 (2013), accessed In 18/2/2016, from
Ye, Ruijuan. The Interpersonal Metafunction Analysis of Barack Obama's Victory Speech. English Language Teaching, Vol.3, No 2 , 2010, accessed from http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/elt/article/view/6258
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.