Pemanfaatan Serat Batang padi dalam Proses Pembakaran untuk Alternatif Desain di Sentra Keramik Plered Rice Straw Utilization in Firing Process to Achieve Alternative Ceramic Design in Plered Pottery Village

Gita Winata, Deni Yana, Akbar Adhi Satrio

Abstract


ABSTRAK

                Dua isu utama yang sedang dihadapi oleh para pengrajin di sentra kerajinan keramik Plered, Purwakarta beberapa tahun terakhir ini adalah pertama isu teknologi pembakaran terutama berkaitan dengan penggunaan bahan bakar kayu yang kurang optimal, dan kedua yaitu isu desain dengan pokok masalah pada finishing dekorasi dengan bahan cat yang mengalami stagnasi, penurunan minat konsumen, serta peningkatan harga bahan baku cat. Dengan metode kajian praktis dan pendekatan eksperimentasi, penelitian ini mencoba menggali dan menawarkan solusi teknologi pembakaran dengan memanfaatkan serat batang padi yang selama ini belum termanfaaatkan, yang diaplikasikan pada bodi keramik dalam proses pembakaran. Pada akhirnya penelitian ini menghasilkan dua capaian yaitu serat batang padi dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai pendukung bahan bakar kayu sekaligus memberikan dekorasi dengan corak natural ash glaze. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi alternatif baru pengembangan teknologi pembakaran dan desain keramik Plered.

kata kunci: desain, keramik Plered, pembakaran keramik, serat batang padi.

 

ABSTRACT

There are two main issues faced by ceramic craftsmen in Plered Pottery Village, Purwakarta in the recent years. The first issue is about the fuel usage in their firing method that considered wasteful. The second issue is regarding their renown wall paint decoration for their ceramic product that did not have a significant improvement in their design and suspected to decreased in demand while at the same time the production cost for this type of decoration, especially the cost of the paint as the main ingredient, is also steadily rose. This research tried to approach this problem using practical studies and experimentation to solve these two problems by utilizing rice straw in the firing process to create a new decoration in the ceramic body. Two advantages successfully achieved as a result of this research where in the same time rice straw could improve the firing process as an additional fuel while also giving a unique natural ash glaze marks in the ceramic body. This result will give a new alternative in improving firing method and design of Plered pottery.

Key words: ceramic firing, design, rice straw, Plered pottery.

Keywords


keramik

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fsostek.itbj.2017.16.3.8








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