An Appraisal of Conceptual Replica of Interlinkages between Infrastructure, Services and Sustainable Tourism at Destinations


  • Gowhar Ahmad Wani Department of Economics Central University of Kerala



Spaceship economy, Tourism development, Infrastructure, Service, Sustainable tourism, Interlinkage and model


This paper explored conceptual replica of interlinkages between infrastructure, services and sustainable tourism. The major perception is to develop a conceptual replica and lay solid foundations for future research. Infrastructure problems have a wide-ranging impact on service delivery and quality assurance, increasing the problem of tourist destination sustainability. The sustainable infrastructure and services are crucial in putting sustainability practices in place. Destinations with poor infrastructure and services generate a slew of negative externalities that jeopardise their long-term viability. For methodology, the models and theories related to concepts described above are taken from standard data webs of Elsevier, J store, Taylor and Francis, Emerald, SAGE, ABDC journal papers, Springer, and MDPI. The theoretical framework confirms strong relations and recommends further scientific investigations. It is inferred that the better infrastructure and standard services could be beneficial for tourism stakeholders in ensuring the better operation of sustainable tourism at destinations. As a result, broad opportunities for empirical research are generally brought into the light to help researchers for further studies.


Aall, C. (2014). Sustainable Tourism in Practice: Promoting or Perverting the Quest for a Sustainable Development. Sustainability, 6(5), 2562-83.

Ackerman, M. L. (2015). Consumer Perceptions of Sustainability in the Cruise Industry. FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations, Paper 1911, 1-115.

Adebayo, A. K., & Iweka, A. C. (2014). Optimizing the sustainability of tourism infrastructure in Nigeria through design for deconstruction framework. American Journal of Tourism Management, 3(1A), 13-19.

Agor, R. P. Nabli, M. K. & Yousef, T. M. (2005). Public Infrastructure and Private Investment in the Middle East and North Africa. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3661, 1-39.

Agor, R. P. & Blanca, M. D. (2006). Public Infrastructure and Growth: New Channels and Policy Implications. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4064, 1-59.

Agor, R. P. & Dodson, B. M. (2006). Public Infrastructure and Growth: New Channels and Policy Implications. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4064, 1-38.

Agor, P. R. (2009). Infrastructure investment and maintenance expenditure: Optimal allocation rules in a growing economy. Journal of Public Economic Theory, 11(2), 233-250.

Agor, P. R. (2010). A theory of infrastructure-led development. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 34(5), 932-950.

Agor, R. P., Bayraktar, N. & Aynaoui. K. (2004). Roads out of Poverty? Assessing the links between Aid, Public Investment, Growth and Poverty Reduction. World Bank, 1-73.

APEC. (2013). Sustainable Development of Tourism Destinations. APEC Project: TWG 03 11A, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat 35 Heng Mui Keng Terrace Singapore 119616, 1-76.

Archer, B., Cooper. C. & Ruhanen, L. (2005). The Positive and Negative Impacts of Tourism. Global Tourism, Ed. 3rd by William F. Theobald, Elsevier Science: 200 wheeler Road Burlington- 1803.

Bac, D. P. (2012). The Emergence of Sustainable Tourism: A Literature Review. QUAESTUS Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 131-40.

Barbier, E. B., & Burgess, J. C. (2017). The Sustainable Development Goals and the systems approach to sustainability. Economics, 11(1).

Bashir, S. & Goswami, S. (2016). Tourism induced Challenges in Municipal Solid Waste Management in Hill Towns: Case of Pahalgam. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 35, 77 - 89.

Batia, R.N. (2000). Tourism & the Environment: A Quest for Sustainability (1st Ed). New Delhi: Indus Publishing Company.

Bazargani, R. H. Z., & Kili H. (2021). Tourism competitiveness and tourism sector performance: Empirical insights from new data. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 46, 73-82.

Boers, B., & Cottrell, S. (2007). Sustainable tourism infrastructure planning: A GIS-supported approach. Tourism Geographies, 9(1), 1-21.

Bramwell, B., & Sharman, A. (2002). Approaches to sustainable tourism planning and community participation: the case of the Hope Valley. In Tourism and sustainable community development (pp. 35-53). Routledge.

Brekke, K. A. (1997). Economic Growth and the Environment: On the Measurement of Income and Welfare. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Canning, D., & Bennathan, E. (2000). The social rate of return on infrastructure investments. Available at SSRN 630763.

Carneiro, M. J. & Eusebio, C. (2015). Host- Tourist Interaction and Impact of Tourism and Residents Quality of Life. Tourism and Management Studies, 11(1), 25-34.

Chi, X., & Han, H. (2021). Performance of tourism products in a slow city and formation of affection and loyalty: Yaxi Cittlow visitors? perceptions. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 29(10), 1586-1612.

Choi, C. H. & Sirakaya Turk, E. (2005). Measuring Residents' Attitude toward Sustainable Tourism: Development of Sustainable Tourism Attitude. Journal of Travel Research, 43 (380), 380-394.

Cotrell. S, Vaske. J. J. & Shen.F. (2012). Predictors of Sustainable Tourism in Holland and China. Eco-Tourism and Sustainable Tourism: New Perspectives and Studies (1st Ed), United States of America: Academic Press, chapter, 23, 236-43.

Dahiya, K. S. (2018). India- Sustainability and the Tourism Rankings. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 7(13), 1-21.

Deng, T. (2013). Impacts of Transport Infrastructure on Productivity and Economic Growth: Recent Advances and Research Challenges. Transport Reviews- A Transnational Transdisciplinary Journal, 33(6), 686-699.

Dias, R. & Rodriguez, E. F. (2016). Determining the Sustainability Factors and Performance of a Tourism Destination from the Stakeholders Perspectives. Journal of Sustainability, 8 (951), 1-17.

Eckert, E. & Hartmann, R. (2020). Measuring sustainability in tourism destinations. Zeitschrift f Tourismuswissenschaft, 2(3), 370-90.

Economic Forum. (2017). Incredible India 2.0 India?s $ 20 Billion Tourism Opportunity. Retrieved on April 23, 2019 from http://www3.Weforum.Org.

ESCAP. (2006). Seoul Initiative Policy Forum on Sustainable Infrastructure Seoul, Republic of Korea, 6-8 Sep. 2006. Overview and Proceedings Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. United Nations Building Raja Damnern Nok Avenue Bankok 10200, Thailand.

European Parliament. (2016). Research For Tran-Committee - From Responsible Best Practices to Sustainable tourism Development. Structural and Cohesion Policies transport And Tourism, Piero Soave Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies European Parliament B-1047 Brussels, 1-118.

Eusebio, C., Kastemholz, E. & Zelia, B. (2014). Tourism and Sustainable Development of Rural Destinations: A Stakeholders View. Revista Portuguesa de Estudos Regionais, 36, 13-21.

Fernald, J. (1997). Roads to Prosperity: Assessing the Link between public capital and Productivity. International Finance Discussion Papers Number 592. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 1-36.

Font, X., Higham, J. Miller, G. & Shahab, P. (2019). Research Engagement, Impact and Sustainable Tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27(1), 1-11.

Genc, R. (2018). Environmental Sustainability and the Future of the Cruise Tourism: A Suggested Model. kurova iversitesi ??BF Dergisi, 22(1), 107-114.

Government of India. (1986). Consumer Protection Act ? 1986. Retrieved 13 December 2018 from

Govt. of India - Yes Bank. (2017). Sustainable Tourism in India: Initiatives and Opportunities. Confederation of India Industry and Yes Bank of India, 1-59.

Guo, Y., Jiang, J. & Shengchao, L. (2019). A Sustainable Tourism Policy Research Review. Sustainability, 11(11), 1-16.

Hartwick, J.M. (1997). National Wealth, Constant Consumption and Sustainable Development. In H. Folmer and T. Tietinber. The International Year Book of Environmental and Resource Economics. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Hidayat, B., Hesna, Y., Suraj, A., Istijino, B. & Taufika, D. (2017). Challenges for Tourism Infrastructure Development in West Sumatra Province of Indonesia. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 8(10), 1009-1016.

Huang, R., Chung, Y. & Jui Chi, y. (2019). A Literature Review of Sustainable Tourism (1990-2016) Development Trajectory and Framework. International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Reviews, 6(1), 20-49.

Huayhuaca, C., Cotrell, S., Raadik, j. & Gradl, S. (2010). Resident perceptions of sustainable tourism development: Frankenwald Nature Park, Germany. Int. J. Tourism Policy, 3(20), 125-41.

Hussain, K. & Ali, F. (2015). Sustainable Tourism and resulting Residents Satisfaction at Jammu and Kashmir, India. World Wide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 7(5), 486-99.

Jovanovi?, S., & Ilic, I. (2016). Infrastructure as important determinant of tourism development in the countries of Southeast Europe. Ecoforum journal, 5(1), 288-294.

Kaul, H. & Gupta, S. (2009). Sustainable tourism in India. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 1(1), 12-18.

Kenneth, E. B., (1966). Economic Analysis. Harper & Row. John Hopkins University, 3:14. Balimtore. Washington, 1-14.

Khalid, S. N. A., & Way, S. P. T. (2010, December). Towards Sustainability of Thailand Tourism Industry: Between Action Plans and Implementation. In Proceedings of Regional Conference on Tourism Research (p. 16).

Kisi, N. (2019). A Strategic Approach to Sustainable Tourism Development Using the A?WOT Hybrid Method: A Case Study of Zonguldak, Turkey. Sustainability, 11(964), 1-19.

Kneese, Allen V., Robert U. Ayres, & Ralph C. Arge, Economics and the Environment: A Materials Balance Approach, Baltimore, the John Hopkins Press. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, 53(4), 687-688.

Koncul, N. (2008). Environmental Issues and Tourism. Pregledni rad Review, 157-165.

Kruja, D. & Hasaj, A. (2010). Comparisons of Stakeholders Perception towards the Sustainable Tourism Development and its Impacts in Shkodra Region (Albania). TURIZAM, 14(1), 1-12.

Luo, w. (2018). Evaluating Tourist Destination Performance: Expanding the Sustainability Concept. Sustainability, 10(516), 1-16.

Mamirkulova, G., Mi, J., Abbas, J., Mahmood, S., Mubeen, R., & Ziapour, A. (2020). New Silk Road infrastructure opportunities in developing tourism environment for residents better quality of life. Global Ecology and Conservation, 24, e01194.

Mandi?, A., Mrnjavac, Z. & Kordi?, L. (2018). Tourism Infrastructure, Recreational Facilities and Tourism Development. Tourism and hospitality management, 24(1), 41-62.

Ministry of Tourism- Government of India. (2018). Annual Tourism Report 2017-18. Retrieved February 20, 2019 from

Ministry of Tourism Govt. of India, (2014). Sustainable Tourism for India: Criteria and Indicators Applicable To Accommodation Sector and Tour Operators. Retrieved from accessed- 23-04-2019.

Nepal, R., Irsyad, M. & Sanjay, K. (2019). Tourist arrivals, energy consumption and pollutant emissions in developing economy-implications for sustainable tourism. Tourism Management, 72, 145-154.

Neto, F. (2003, August). A new approach to sustainable tourism development: Moving beyond environmental protection. In Natural resources forum (Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 212-222). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

NITI Aayog. (2018). NITI Aayog launches five Thematic Reports on Sustainable Development in Indian Himalayan Region. Press Information Bureau Government of India.

Panasiuk, A. (2007). Tourism Infrastructure as a Determinant of Regional Development. Ekonomika ir Vadyba: aktualijos ir perspektyvos, 1(8), 212-15.

Parsons, M. G. (2009). Ontario Tourism Infrastructure Research Study. Cannada Ministry of Tourism.

Pearce, D., Hamilton, K., & Atkinson, G. (1996). Measuring sustainable development: progress on indicators. Environment and Development Economics, 1(1), 85-101.

Purwomarwanto, Y. L., & Ramachandran, J. (2015). Performance of tourism sector with regard to the global crisis-a comparative study between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The Journal of Developing Areas, 325-339.

Rosenstein-Rodan, P. N. (1943). Problems of industrialisation of eastern and south-eastern Europe. The economic journal, 53(210/211), 202-211.

Rosenstein-Rodan, P. N. (1957). Notes on the Theory of the. big push??[en lea] http://hdl. handle. net/1721.1/82984.

Sahoo, P., Dash, R. K., & Nataraj, G. (2010). Infrastructure development and economic growth in China. Institute of Developing Economies Discussion Paper, 261.

Samer, R., Yiu, L. & Filature, M. (2015). Tourism Development in Least Developed Countries: Challenges and Opportunities. Handbook of Research and Global Hospitality and Tourism Management. IGI Global Publication Hershey, Penn. 2015, Chapter. 13, 234-61.

Seetanah, B., Juwaheer, T.D., Lamport, M.J., Rojid, S., Sannassee, R. V. & Subadar, A. U. (2011). Does Infrastructure Matter In Tourism Development?. University of Mauritius Research Journal, 17, 89 - 108.

Serafy, E.S. (1996). In Defence of Weak Sustainability: A Response to Beckerman. Environmental Values, 5(1), 75-81.

Sharpley, R. (2000). Tourism and Sustainable Development: Exploring the Theoretical Divide. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 8(1), 1-19.

Siakwah, P., Musavengane, R. & Liewlenn, L. (2019). Tourism Governance and Attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals in Africa. Tourism planning and development, 17(4), 355-83.

Swarbrooke, J. (1999). The History of the Concept of Sustainable Development. Sustainable Tourism Management. CABI Publishing (Ed: 1st): Wallingford UK, 3-12.

Ukabuilu, E.N. & Igbojekwe, P.A. (2015). Application of Tourism Economic Development Theories to the Attainment of Goals in Developing Tourism Sites in Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Sports, 13, 1-8.

UNEP & UNWTO. (2005). Making Tourism More Sustainable: A Guide for Policy Makers. United Nations Environment Programme Division of Technology, Industry and Economics 39-43 Quai AndrCitro 75739 Paris CEDEX 15, France and World Tourism Organization Capit Haya 4228020 Madrid, Spain.

UNEP. (2014). Enhancing Sustainable Communities with Green Infrastructure. A Guide to Help Communities Better Manage Storm water While Achieving Other Environmental, Public Health, Social, And Economic Benefits. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency?s Office of Sustainable Communities: 1-61.

UNESCO. (2009). Sustainable Tourism Development in UNESCO Designated Sites in South-Eastern Europe. UNESCO Regional Bureau for Science and Culture in Europe (BRESCE) AND United Nations Environment Programme, Ecological Tourism in Europe ? ETE Koblenzer Str. 6553173 Bonn, Germany, 1-43.

United Nations. (1987). Development and International Economic Cooperation: Environment: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. Forty Second Session Item 83(e) of the Provisional Agenda, 1-174.

United Nations. (2007). Is the Concept of Sustainable Tourism Sustainable? Developing the Sustainable Tourism Benchmarking Tool. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. United Nations: New York and Geneva, 1-27.

United Nations. (2017). Promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environment protection. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 21 December 2016, 1-7.

UNWTO & UNDP. (2018). Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals- Journey to 2030. Retrieved 11 Dec 2018 from

UNWTO. (2016). Measuring Sustainable Tourism (MST): Developing a statistical framework for sustainable tourism. Meeting of the Working Group of Experts on 20-21 October 2016, UNWTO Statistics and Tourism Satellite Account Programme, 1-17.

UNWTO. (2016). Measuring Sustainable Tourism (MST): Developing a statistical framework for sustainable tourism. Meeting of the Working Group of Experts on 20-21 October 2016, UNWTO Statistics and Tourism Satellite Account Programme, 1-17.

UNWTO. (2017). Convention on the Protection of Tourists and on the Rights and Obligations of Tourism Service Providers. Twenty-second session Chengdu, China, 11-16 September 2017 Provisional agenda item 10(I)(c).

Williams, S. (1998). Costs or benefits? The physical and economic development of tourism. Tourism Geography, Rutledge Contemporary Human Geography Series. Rutledge 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001, 1-212.

World Bank. (1994). Infrastructure for Development. World Development Report- IBRD, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433, U.S.A, 1-254.

World Bank. (2004). A Framework for Sustainable Tourism Development in Honduras: Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Tourism Strategy. ECON-Report no. 2004-004, Project no. 41420, 1-51.

World Economic Forum. (2017). Incredible India 2.0 India?s $ 20 Billion Tourism Opportunity. Retrieved on April 23, 2019 from http://www3.Weforum.Org, 1-24.

World Trade Organisation. (2009). Measuring trade in services, a training module for the World Bank. A training module produced by WTO / OMC, 1- 55.

Wright, H. (2011). Understanding green infrastructure: the development of a contested concept in England. Local Environment, 16(10), 1003-1019.




How to Cite

Wani, G. A. (2022). An Appraisal of Conceptual Replica of Interlinkages between Infrastructure, Services and Sustainable Tourism at Destinations. ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism, 20(2), 128-142.