Transformation of the Architecture of the City as an Impact of the Presence of University Campuses in Depok

Authors

  • I Nyoman Teguh Prasidha Doctoral Student of Architecture, School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Institut Teknologi Bandung and Department of Architecture, Universitas Pancasila
  • Widjaja Martokusumo School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development Institut Teknologi Bandung
  • Basauli Umar Lubis School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development Institut Teknologi Bandung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/jpwk.2019.30.1.6

Keywords:

Transformation, architecture of the city, university campus, Depok.

Abstract

The presence of a university in a city not only affects the activities of its citizens but also its physical environment. The establishment of a number of university campuses at the end of the 1980s in Depok caused a significant transformation of the architecture of the city. This paper focuses on the process and pattern of the transformation of the architecture of Depok city that have occurred in the areas surrounding the university campus, and the effect on its physical environment. The method of urban typo-morphology study was used to investigate the transformation process and pattern of transformation in the study location and the factors influencing them and their effect on the quality of the physical environment. This research revealed that the existence of university campuses had multiple effects on the physical environment of their surrounding areas. Uncontrollable changes in the elements of the architecture of the city have caused various unsafe conditions and a decline in the quality of its physical environment. The result of this research can be applied to deal with changes in the physical environment around the university campuses, and also for comparison to other cities with similar cases.

 

Abstrak. Keberadaan universitas di suatu kota tidak hanya mempengaruhi kegiatan warganya, tetapi juga lingkungan fisiknya. Kehadiran beberapa kampus universitas pada akhir 1980-an di Depok, secara signifikan menyebabkan transformasi arsitektur kota. Makalah ini berfokus pada proses dan pola transformasi arsitektur kota Depok yang terjadi di kawasan sekitar kampus universitas dan pengaruhnya terhadap lingkungan fisiknya. Metode studi typo-morfologi perkotaan digunakan untuk menjawab masalah proses transformasi dan pola di lokasi penelitian dan masalah faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi proses transformasi arsitektur kota di daerah tersebut dan pengaruhnya terhadap kualitas lingkungan fisik daerah tersebut. Penelitian ini mengungkap bahwa keberadaan kampus universitas memiliki efek ganda pada lingkungan fisik daerah sekitarnya. Perubahan unsur arsitektur kota yang tidak terkendali telah menyebabkan berbagai kondisi tidak aman dan menurunnya kualitas lingkungan fisiknya. Hasil penelitian dapat diterapkan untuk menghadapi perubahan lingkungan fisik di sekitar kampus universitas dan juga sebagai perbandingan dengan kota-kota lain dengan kasus serupa.

Kata Kunci. Transformasi, arsitektur kota, kampus universitas, Depok.

References

Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia (1979) Peta Desa Kukusan Kecamatan Beji.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Depok (2012) Kota Depok dalam Angka 2012.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Depok (2013) Kota Depok dalam Angka 2013.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Depok (2016) Kecamatan Beji dalam Angka 2016.

Brennan, J., R. King, and Y. Lebeau (2004) The Role of Universities in the Transformation of Societies. London: Centre for Higher Education Research and Information - The Open University.

Cisneros, H.G. (1995) The University and the Urban Challenge. Washington, D.C.: Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Gregotti, V. (1996) Inside Architecture. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Groat, L. (2002) Correlational Research. In: Groat, L. and Wang, D. (2002) Architectural Research Methods. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Habraken, N.J. (1983) Transformation of Site. Massachusetts: Awater Press.

Hall, P. (1997) The University and the City. GeoJournal 41(4), 301-309.

Jonathans, Y. (2011) Depok Tempo Doeloe. Jakarta: Penerbit Libri.

Jones, P. (2017) Housing Resilience and the Informal City. Journal of Regional and City Planning 28(2), 129-139.

Kivell, P. (1993) Land and The City: Patterns and Processes of Urban Change. London: Rouletdge.

Larkham, P.J. (2000) Institutions and Urban Form: the Example of Universities. Urban Morphology 4(2), 63-77.

Neuman, W.L. (2006) Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Boston: Pearson.

Nurdini, A. (2012) Refleksi Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Hunian Transien di Perkotaan: Kasus Tipologi Lokasi Hunian Sewa Mahasiswa di Kota Bandung. Paper presented at the Temu Ilmiah Ikatan Peneliti Lingkungan Binaan Indonesia (IPLBI).

Perry, D.C. and Wiewel, W. (2008) The University, the City, and Land: Context and Introduction. In: Wiewel, W. and Perry, D.C. (Ed.) (2008) Global Universities and Urban Development: Case Studies and Analysis. The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. New York: M.E.Sharpe.

Prasidha, I N.T. and Martokusumo, W. (2014) Modernity and Transformation of the Architecture of Depok City, Indonesia. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability 1(1), 57-62, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Ricci, M. (1997) The Urban Role of a New University: a Case Study of Chieti-Pescara, Abruzzo, Italy. GeoJournal 41(4), 319-324.

Rossi, A. (1988) The Architecture of the City. New York: The Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies and The Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Salim, W. (2008) Development of the Jatinangor University Area, Indonesia: Growth Problems and Local Responses. In: Wiewel, W. and Perry, D.C. (Ed.) Global Universities and Urban Development: Case Studies and Analysis. The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. New York: M.E.Sharpe.

Setyani, W., S.R.P. Sitorus, and D.R. Panuju, (2017) Analisis Ruang Terbuka Hijau dan Kecukupannya di Kota Depok (An Analysis of Greenery Open Space and Its Adequacy in Depok City). Buletin Tanah dan Lahan 1(1), 121-127.

Silver, C. (2008) Planning the Megacity: Jakarta in the Twentieth Century. London: Routledge.

Supriyadi R., E. (2008) Peran Universitas dalam Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal: Kasus Kawasan Pendidikan Tinggi Jatinangor. Disertasi, Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota. Institut Teknologi Bandung.

Vasquez, I.B., Conceicao, P. and Alves, S. (2008) The University of Oporto and the Process of Urban Change. In: Wiewel, W. and Perry, D.C. (Ed.) Global Universities and Urban Development: Case Studies and Analysis. The Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. New York: M.E.Sharpe.

Webber, H.S. (2015) The University of Chicago and Its Neighbors: A Case Study in Community Development. In: Perry, D. C. and Wiewel, W. (Ed.) (2015) The University as Urban Developer: Case Studies and Analysis. New York: Routledge.

Wirasonjaya, S. (1992) Arsitektur Kota: Revitalisasi sebagai Konsep dalam Rencana Detil Pusat Kota. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota Nomor 6/Triwulan IV/Desember 1992, 40-56.

Wisner, B., Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., and Davis, I. (2003) At Risk: Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters. Routledge: London.

Woltjer, J. (2014) A Global Review on Peri-Urban Development and Planning. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota 25(1), 1-16.

Zerlang, M. (1997) The University and the City. GeoJournal 43(3), 241-242.

Apartemen "Ring II' CBD Kian Berkembang. Info Apartemen, Edisi 13/II/September/2013, 8-10. Perguruan Tinggi agar Kembangkan Wilayahnya. Kompas, Rabu, 30 Januari 2019.

Depok Genjot Pajak Kos-Kosan. Metro Tempo. Accessed from https://metro.tempo.co/read/ 457847/depok-genjot-pajak-kos-kosan on 20 January 2016.

Jual Apartemen Nempel UI Depok. Agen Jual Beli Rumah Apartemen. Accessed from https://agenjualbelirumahapartemen.wordpress.com/2016/02/12/jual-apartemen-nempel-ui-depok/ on 3 February 2018.

Downloads

Published

2019-04-16

Issue

Section

Research Articles