https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/issue/feed Journal of Regional and City Planning 2021-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Kamal Khairudin Sukandar jpwk@lppm.itb.ac.id Open Journal Systems <img src="http://journals.itb.ac.id/public/site/images/budini/logo_web_2.jpg" alt="" /> <p><strong>Indexing: </strong><a href="https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/21100889410?origin=resultslist">SCOPUS</a>, Web of Science (ESCI), other </p><p><strong>ISSN: </strong><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1455694475">2502-6429</a> (online)</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Journal of Regional and City Planning</em></strong> or JRCP is a tri-annual open access journal mainly focusing on urban and regional studies and planning in transitional, developing and emerging economies. JRCP covers topics related to the sciences, analytics, development, intervention, and design of communities, cities, and regions including their physical, spatial, technological, economic, social and political environments. The journal is committed to create a multidisciplinary forum in the field by seeking original paper submissions from planners, architects, geographers, economists, sociologists, humanists, political scientists, environmentalists, engineers and other who are interested in the past, present, and future transformation of cities and regions in transitional, developing and emerging economies.</p><p><a title="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" href="https://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=21100889410&amp;tip=sid&amp;exact=no"><img src="https://www.scimagojr.com/journal_img.php?id=21100889410" alt="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" border="0" /></a></p><br /> https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/14060 A New Development Model for Traditional Craft Villages in Urban Fringes: A Case Study in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 2020-11-24T02:43:39+07:00 Le-Minh Ngo ngoleminh@tdtu.edu.vn Trinh Duy Anh ngoleminh@tdtu.edu.vn <p><em>Experiencing the impacts of rapid urbanization, industrialization and modernization, traditional villages of many Asian cities face the risk of encroachment or function changes. Besides providing jobs for people in their region, traditional craft villages also bring work opportunities for migrants, materials providers, salespeople, and other</em> <em>ancillary service providers. In the rapid process of urban sprawl, many traditional craft villages in peri-urban areas that capture heritage values are gradually shrinking and in danger of disappearing. Therefore, an urgent concern is how to protect traditional villages and traditional residential areas threatened by urbanization. Ho Chi Minh City is a large metropolis engaged in economic, financial, trading, modern industrial, and service activities. There are still many handicraft activities in Ho Chi Minh City, especially traditional occupations, with more than 60 handicrafts distributed over 19 trade villages. Many traditional villages have been encroached and demolished to make place for new developments as a result of speedy urbanization. This paper reports a qualitative study using a mixed method, which includes literature review and comparison, mapping and observation. Based on analyzing the current situation of traditional craft villages and identifying the advantages and disadvantages of two craft village models, this paper proposes a new development model for craft villages in the urban fringes of Ho Chi Minh City.</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong><strong>.</strong> Mengalami dampak urbanisasi yang cepat, industrialisasi, dan modernisasi, desa-desa tradisional di banyak kota di Asia menghadapi risiko perambahan atau perubahan fungsi. Selain menyediakan lapangan kerja bagi masyarakat di suatu daerah, perkampungan kerajinan tradisional juga membuka peluang kerja bagi para pendatang, penyedia bahan, tenaga penjual, dan tenaga kerja dari jasa lain. Dalam proses urban sprawl yang pesat, banyak desa kerajinan tradisional di pinggiran kota yang menyimpan nilai-nilai heritage secara bertahap menyusut dan terancam punah. Oleh karena itu, yang menjadi perhatian mendesak adalah bagaimana melindungi desa adat dan kawasan permukiman tradisional yang terancam urbanisasi? Kota Ho Chi Minh adalah kota metropolis besar yang terlibat dengan kegiatan ekonomi, keuangan, perdagangan, industri modern, dan jasa. Masih banyak kegiatan kerajinan tangan di Kota Ho Chi Minh, terutama pekerjaan tradisional, dengan lebih dari 60 kerajinan tangan didistribusikan di 19 desa perdagangan. Banyak desa tradisional telah dirambah dan dihancurkan untuk pembangunan baru akibat urbanisasi yang cepat. Makalah ini diselesaikan dengan studi kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode campuran, termasuk tinjauan pustaka dan perbandingan, pemetaan dan observasi. Berdasarkan analisis situasi desa kerajinan tradisional saat ini, mengidentifikasi kelebihan dan kekurangan dari kedua model desa kerajinan, studi ini mengusulkan model pengembangan baru untuk desa kerajinan di pinggiran kota Kota Ho Chi Minh.</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Kata kunci.</strong> model pembangunan baru, desa kerajinan tradisional, urbanisasi, pinggiran kota, Kota Ho Chi Minh.</p> 2021-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/14061 Empowering Rural Development in Urbanizing China: A Government Intervention Perspective 2020-08-10T06:21:24+07:00 Chen Chen tjupchenchen@tongji.edu.cn Shuang Liu 598460973@qq.com <p>Through a literature review and a case study, this research reviewed the rural development accompanying the urbanization process in China to summarize the evolution of country-level rural policies at different stages of the urbanization process. The authors state that the evolution of China’s urban-rural relationship has gone through five stages (i.e. the initial stage, the take-off stage, the accumulation stage, the urban-rural coordination stage, and the urban-rural integration stage) and has currently entered a period of slowing urbanization growth. However, there are still large differences in the level of urbanization development in various regions. Taking Shanghai, Suzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Zhejiang and several regions in central and western China as examples, the different responses of these cities and regions to the central government’s policies at different stages of urbanization were compared, as well as the rationality of policy intervention in rural areas. Finally, this paper re-conceptualizes the practice of rural development in the context of China’s rapid urbanization and proposes a government intervention development model adapted to the stages of urbanization.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong>. Melalui tinjauan literatur dan studi kasus, artikel ini mengulas pembangunan perdesaan dalam proses urbanisasi di Cina, dan merangkum evolusi kebijakan pedesaan tingkat negara pada berbagai tahap urbanisasi. Artikel ini percaya bahwa evolusi hubungan perkotaan-perdesaan China telah melalui lima tahap ‘awal, lepas landas, akumulasi, koordinasi perkotaan-perdesaan, integrasi perkotaan-perdesaan’ dan secara umum telah memasuki periode pertumbuhan urbanisasi yang melambat. Namun, tingkat perkembangan urbanisasi di berbagai daerah masih relatif besar. Selanjutnya, dengan mengambil contoh Shanghai, Suzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Zhejiang dan beberapa wilayah di Cina tengah dan barat, kami membandingkan respons yang berbeda dari daerah pada tahap pembangunan yang berbeda terhadap kebijakan pemerintah pusat serta rasionalitas intervensi kebijakan di daerah perdesaan. Terakhir, penelitian ini mengkonsep ulang praktik pembangunan perdesaan dalam konteks urbanisasi China yang pesat, dan mengusulkan model pembangunan intervensi pemerintah yang menyesuaikan dengan tahapan urbanisasi.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong>. urbanisasi, pembangunan perdesaan, intervensi pemerintah, praktik lokal, China.</p> 2021-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/14063 Change of Rural Development Policy in South Korea after Korean War 2021-02-24T01:43:13+07:00 Lee In-hee samlih@pusan.ac.kr <p>The industrial development of South Korea is an exceptional success story. However, there were several side effects of the strong economic growth, such as rapidly increasing city populations and severe socio-economic inequality. The population in the area of the capital currently amounts to half of the national population of South Korea. The Korean government has implemented various regional development policies for a more balanced national development. This paper investigates the series of Five-Year Economic Development Plans from 1962-1997 and the Saemaul Undong movement, who contributed to the record of economic development of South Korea, and discusses the rural development policies recently promoted by the South Korean government to address problems such as the progressive decrease and stagnation of agricultural productivity, the depopulation and aging trends in rural areas, the deterioration of farm household income structure, and import expansion and unstable grain supply by free trade agreement.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong>. Perkembangan industri Korea Selatan adalah kisah sukses yang luar biasa. Namun, ada beberapa efek samping dari pertumbuhan ekonomi yang kuat, seperti populasi kota yang meningkat pesat dan ketimpangan sosial ekonomi yang parah. Penduduk di wilayah ibu kota saat ini berjumlah setengah dari penduduk nasional Korea Selatan. Pemerintah Korea telah menerapkan berbagai kebijakan pembangunan daerah untuk pembangunan nasional yang lebih seimbang. Makalah ini menyelidiki serangkaian Rencana Pembangunan Ekonomi Lima Tahun dari 1962-1997 dan gerakan Saemaul Undong, yang berkontribusi pada rekor pembangunan ekonomi Korea Selatan, dan membahas kebijakan pembangunan perdesaan yang baru-baru ini dipromosikan oleh pemerintah Korea Selatan untuk mengatasi masalah-masalah seperti sebagai penurunan progresif dan stagnasi produktivitas pertanian, depopulasi dan tren penuaan di daerah perdesaan, kerusakan struktur pendapatan rumah tangga pertanian, dan ekspansi impor dan pasokan biji-bijian yang tidak stabil oleh perjanjian perdagangan bebas.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>. Saemaul Undong, perencanaan penggunaan lahan, pembangunan perdesaan, pembangunan ekonomi, perubahan populasi.</p> 2021-08-13T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/13134 The Commuting Mode Choice of Students of Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia 2020-09-21T04:12:45+07:00 Prawira Fajarindra Belgiawan fajar.belgiawan@sbm-itb.ac.id Raden Aswin Rahadi aswin.rahadi@sbm-itb.ac.id Annisa Rahmani Qastharin annisa.rahmani@sbm-itb.ac.id Lidia Mayangsari lidia.mayangsari@sbm-itb.ac.id Reza Ashari Nasution reza@sbm-itb.ac.id Sudarso Kaderi Wiryono sudarso_kw@sbm-itb.ac.id <p>This research explored the commuting mode preferences of students living near Institut Teknologi Bandung when a new mode of transportation (i.e., carpool) is introduced to the selection list. Six alternative modes were presented: minibus, car, motorcycle, car-based ride-sourcing, motorcycle-based ride-sourcing, and carpool. The data collection process was conducted using a questionnaire-based stated-preferences survey. It included eight sets of labeled scenarios with a number of attributes: travel time, travel cost, waiting time, transfer amount, access and egress time, frequency, congestion time, baggage cost, and parking cost. A total of 1416 observations were acquired for further analysis. A mixed logit (MXL) model with random cost parameter and random error components was used. From the MXL results, we found that travel cost had no significant influence on the selection of commuting mode among students. This result was unforeseen given the characteristics of Indonesian consumers, who are notoriously sensitive to price. However, based on the results for several significant attributes of carpool as well as from the value of travel time savings and demand calculation, we suggest that carpooling is a valid alternative transport mode for campus commuting. As a pioneer study on student commuting mode selection, this study provided valid and dependable evidence on how students around ITB main campus choose their transportation methods.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong>. Penelitian ini mengeksplorasi preferensi moda perjalanan pulang pergi mahasiswa yang tinggal di dekat Institut Teknologi Bandung ketika moda transportasi baru (yaitu angkutan bersama) menjadi salah satu pilihan moda. Terdata enam moda alternatif yang disajikan: angkot, mobil, sepeda motor, taksi daring, ojek daring, dan angkutan bersama. Proses pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metoda survei stated-preference berbasis kuesioner. Survei tersebut meliputi delapan skenario berlabel dengan sejumlah atribut: waktu perjalanan, biaya perjalanan, waktu tunggu, banyaknya perpindahan moda, waktu perjalanan menuju tempat angkutan umum dan waktu perjalanan menuju tempat tujuan, frekuensi kedatangan, waktu kemacetan, biaya bagasi, dan biaya parkir. Sebanyak 1416 pengamatan diperoleh untuk analisis lebih lanjut. Model mixed logit (MXL) dengan parameter biaya acak dan komponen error acak digunakan. Dari hasil MXL, kami menemukan bahwa biaya perjalanan tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap pemilihan moda perjalanan pulang pergi di kalangan mahasiswa. Hasil ini tidak terduga mengingat karakteristik konsumen Indonesia yang terkenal sensitif terhadap harga. Namun, berdasarkan hasil untuk beberapa atribut signifikan dari angkutan bersama serta dari nilai penghematan waktu perjalanan dan perhitungan permintaan, kami menyarankan bahwa angkutan bersama adalah moda transportasi alternatif yang valid untuk komuter kampus. Sebagai studi perintis dalam pemilihan moda perjalanan pulang pergi mahasiswa, studi ini memberikan bukti yang valid dan dapat diandalkan tentang bagaimana mahasiswa di sekitar kampus utama ITB memilih metode transportasi mereka.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>. angkutan bersama, mahasiswa ITB, mixed logit, elastisitas, nilai waktu.</p> 2021-08-10T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/14626 Assessing Participatory Practices in a Cultural Preservation Workshop of the Sriwijaya Museum 2021-05-20T08:44:10+07:00 Adiwan F Aritenang a.aritenang@gmail.com Zahara Sitta Iskandar zaharasittaiskandar@gmail.com Pingkan Safitri pingkanmatondang@gmail.com Riela Provi Drianda drianda@aoni.waseda.jp Laila Zohrah lailazohrah5@gmail.com <p>Among the great maritime trading empires of history, the Sriwijaya empire ranks among the most splendid and rich ones. Still, few people know about this empire and recognize it as an important part of the history of Indonesia. This study examined participatory practice in historic preservation by investigating stakeholders’ perspectives on the potential application of digital technology in the Sriwijaya Museum in Palembang. We introduced photogrammetry and color analysis technologies to identify some possible improvements to be implemented in the museum in the future. We invited some community members interested in Palembang’s history and in using digital technology in museums to participate in a two-day participatory workshop. Pre-workshop and post-workshop questionnaires were distributed to identify the participants’ expectations for and responses to the workshop. Moreover, we also interviewed several participants. The study revealed that all participants agreed that both technologies have great potential to provide narrations in the museum and support thematic activities such as arts, culinary, and music performances. This paper highlights the importance of the local community’s commitment and the government’s political will to realize a roadmap for the city’s cultural heritage preservation and digitization movement.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong>. Di antara kerajaan perdagangan maritim besar dalam sejarah, Sriwijaya termasuk yang paling megah dan terkaya. Namun, hanya sedikit orang yang mengetahui dan mengakui Kerajaan Sriwijaya sebagai bagian penting dari sejarah Indonesia karena penggalian lebih banyak artefak dan sisa-sisa rumit. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji praktik partisipatif dalam pelestarian sejarah dengan mengkaji perspektif pemangku kepentingan tentang potensi penerapan teknologi di Museum Sriwijaya. Kami memperkenalkan teknologi fotogrametri dan analisis warna untuk mengidentifikasi beberapa perbaikan yang mungkin diterapkan di masa depan. Kami mengundang beberapa anggota masyarakat yang tertarik menggunakan teknologi di museum untuk berpartisipasi dalam lokakarya dua hari tersebut. Kuesioner pra dan pasca dibagikan untuk mengidentifikasi tanggapan dan harapan peserta terhadap lokakarya. Selain itu, kami mewawancarai beberapa peserta. Studi tersebut mengungkapkan bahwa semua peserta sepakat bahwa kedua teknologi tersebut berpotensi diterapkan untuk memberikan narasi di museum dan mendukung kegiatan tematik, seperti seni, kuliner, dan pertunjukan musik. Kajian tersebut menyoroti pentingnya komitmen masyarakat lokal dan kemauan politik pemerintah untuk mewujudkan peta jalan gerakan pelestarian warisan budaya dan digitalisasi kota.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong>. partisipatif, workshop, pelestarian budaya, alat digital, Museum Sriwijaya.</p> 2021-08-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/14918 Identifying Place Distinctiveness Through Cultural Resource Mapping 2021-03-15T09:52:42+07:00 Nur Farhana Azmi farhanazmi@um.edu.my Faizah Ahmad faiz@um.edu.my Azlan Shah Ali asafab@um.edu.my <p>Regardless of their size, every town, city, or more generally each place, has its own beautiful, unique and distinct characteristics. However, only few studies have provided valuable information on exceptional and unique features that can contribute to the distinctiveness and identity of small-scale towns. It is important to identify these cultural resources, especially now that the identity of small towns is rapidly weakening. This study explored the significance of cultural resource mapping as an important technique for identifying the unique characteristics of a place. A questionnaire survey was conducted amongst a random sample of 119 local community members in Sungai Lembing, a small town in the state of Pahang, Malaysia, to investigate respondents’ mental representations of familiar features that they experience in the town, through cultural mapping. It was revealed that natural features, buildings, and non-building structures were seen by the respondents as the most dominant elements that constitute the individuality of their town. While deepening the community’s understanding and awareness of their cultural assets, this paper also highlights the significance of cultural mapping as a tool for identifying unique characteristics of a place, especially those that may have been previously overlooked.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong>. Terlepas dari ukurannya, setiap kota atau lebih umum lagi suatu tempat, memiliki keindahan, keunikan dan karakter tersendiri. Namun, hanya sedikit penelitian yang memberikan informasi berharga tentang fitur luar biasa dan unik yang dapat berkontribusi pada kekhasan dan identitas kota skala kecil. Oleh karena itu, penting untuk mengidentifikasi sumber daya budaya tersebut terutama dalam kondisi saat ini di mana identitas kota kecil dengan cepat melemah. Makalah ini mencoba mengeksplorasi pentingnya pemetaan sumber daya budaya sebagai teknik penting untuk mengidentifikasi karakteristik unik suatu tempat. Survei kuesioner dilakukan di antara sampel acak dari 119 komunitas lokal di Sungai Lembing, sebuah kota kecil di negara bagian Pahang, Malaysia; untuk menyelidiki representasi mental responden dari fitur-fitur yang sudah dikenal yang dialami di kota melalui pemetaan budaya. Studi ini mengungkapkan bahwa fitur alam, bangunan dan struktur non-bangunan digambar oleh responden sebagai elemen dominan yang membentuk individualitas kota. Sambil memperdalam pemahaman dan kesadaran masyarakat akan aset budaya mereka, makalah ini juga menyoroti pentingnya pemetaan budaya sebagai salah satu alat penting dalam mengidentifikasi karakteristik unik suatu tempat terutama yang mungkin sebelumnya diabaikan.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong>. pemetaan budaya, dokumentasi, identitas, tempat, kota kecil.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Regional and City Planning