Journal of Regional and City Planning <p><img src="" alt="" /></p> <p><strong>Indexing: </strong><a href="">SCOPUS</a>, Web of Science (ESCI), other </p> <p><strong>ISSN: </strong>2502-6429 (online)</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Journal of Regional and City Planning</em></strong> or JRCP is a tri-annual open access journal mainly focusing on urban and regional studies and planning in transitional, developing and emerging economies. JRCP covers topics related to the sciences, analytics, development, intervention, and design of communities, cities, and regions including their physical, spatial, technological, economic, social and political environments. The journal is committed to create a multidisciplinary forum in the field by seeking original paper submissions from planners, architects, geographers, economists, sociologists, humanists, political scientists, environmentalists, engineers and other who are interested in the past, present, and future transformation of cities and regions in transitional, developing and emerging economies.</p> <p><a title="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" href=";tip=sid&amp;exact=no"><img src="" alt="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" border="0" /></a></p> <p> </p> The Institute for Research and Community Services, Institut Teknologi Bandung en-US Journal of Regional and City Planning 2502-6429 Manuscript submitted to JRCP has to be an original work of the author(s), contains no element of plagiarism, and has never been published or is not being considered for publication in other journals. The author(s) retain the copyright of the content published in JRCP. There is no need for request or consultation for future re-use and re-publication of the content as long as the author and the source are cited properly. Assessing Social Capital Indicators in Public Spaces in Central streets of the City of Sanandaj, Iran <p>The social capital concept has been proposed alongside other capitals such as human capital, financial capital and economic capital. The aim of this research was to evaluate the social capital in streets, which are among the most dynamic urban public spaces. They provide physical connections for social interactions and consequently can enhance social capital. To this aim, four central crossroads of the city of Sanandaj, Iran were selected as a case study. This study is a descriptive analysis conducted by questioning 400 participants. The collected data were analyzed by using the SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software at the inferential and statistical levels. The findings showed that effective elements of streets to improve social capital include the promotion of environmental qualities and mixed land use related to social trust, the feeling of belonging, identity and place related to social norms, face-to-face relationships, and social participation related to social networks.</p> Kyoumars Habibi Nina Taoshih Milad Pira Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Regional and City Planning 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 33 2 1 13 10.5614/jpwk.2022.33.2.1 Planning Transportation Megaprojects: Paradoxes and Challenges in Planning Complex Projects <p>Transportation megaprojects have become a routine feature in the development of cities and urban infrastructure. The failure of many megaprojects to achieve the desired performance levels is an issue that has been discussed in several studies in recent years, ascribing it to the inability to plan for complexity and uncertainty. This and other problems that are commonplace among megaprojects are yet to be solved despite the employment of highly experienced professionals and resources. The role of the decision-making process in the planning phase is critical in dealing with the complex and uncertain nature of megaprojects. This paper presents a review of literature related to this topic and argues that a major challenge in the planning phase is a cultural misunderstanding of transportation megaprojects, since the rationale behind the development decisions and planning approaches fails to manage complexity and uncertainty. In this study, we identified four paradoxes that occur in transportation megaproject practice that show that top-down and linear planning approaches should be reformed to become more open-minded, nonlinear, and open. Doing so may benefit regional development and broad communities in the future.</p> Susanti Widiastuti Haryo Winarso Petrus Natalivan Indradjati Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Regional and City Planning 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 33 2 14 28 10.5614/jpwk.2022.33.2.2 Partitional Clustering of Underdeveloped Area Infrastructure with Unsupervised Learning Approach: A Case Study in the Island of Java, Indonesia <p>This study attempted to identify underdeveloped areas in regencies/cities on the island of Java, Indonesia, based on a number of infrastructure indicators. An unsupervised learning approach was used to perform partition clustering with the K-Means, K-Medoids, and CLARA methods. In addition to technically obtaining clustering results and conducting a performance comparison of the three unsupervised learning methods, another objective of this research was to map the clustering results to make it easier to recognize the characteristics of the regions indicated as underdeveloped areas, which should be absolute priorities for infrastructure development. It was found that the best clustering method was the CLARA method, with a connectivity coefficient of 7.4794 and a Dunn’s index value of 0.1042. The partition clustering of regencies/cities on Java Island using the CLARA method based on infrastructure indicators resulted in 99 regencies/cities included in the cluster of areas with underdeveloped infrastructure, while 12 regencies/cities were included in the cluster of areas with developing infrastructure, and 8 regencies/cities were included in the cluster of areas with developed infrastructure.</p> Bambang Widjanarko Otok Agus Suharsono Purhadi Purhadi Rahmawati Erma Standsyah Harun Al Azies Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Regional and City Planning 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 33 2 29 48 10.5614/jpwk.2022.33.2.3 Panoramic Mapping of Urban Social Sustainability: A 35-Year Bibliometric and Visualization Analysis <p>In recent years, ensuring social sustainability has been a global concern for sustainable urban development in both the academic arena and sustainability science. Many studies have been conducted in this area, but a bibliometric analysis has not yet been done previously. This study identified research streams and research hotspots in the urban social sustainability field based on a bibliometric analysis from 1985 to 2020, involving 1,623 documents from the Web of Science database. We used two software packages, Bibliometrix (Biblioshiny) and VOSviewer, for performance and science mapping analysis. The result showed that this research field is growing fast in multiple disciplines. In the publication trend analysis, we found significant changes since 2015. Analysis of leading countries and institutions revealed that developed countries are performing better than developing countries in producing publications on urban social sustainability. In the content analysis, we selected 214 documents and found that the survey method was the most used. Additionally, we found that 13.08 percent of papers (28 out of 214) used as many as 21 different theories, where ‘stakeholder theory,’ ‘planning theory,’ ‘theory of urbanism as a way of life,’ and ‘theory of good city form’ were significantly used. The findings of this study can assist researchers and practitioners by providing valuable insights into the research area of urban social sustainability.</p> Sultana Razia Siti Hajar Binti Abu Bakar Ah Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Regional and City Planning 2022-08-30 2022-08-30 33 2 49 78 10.5614/jpwk.2022.33.2.4 Feeder Bus Reformation for an Urban Rail Project: The Case of Khon Kaen City, Thailand <p>The ability to use public transportation should be available throughout the whole service area and the public transportation network should be well connected. This research compared the potential coverage of a feeder bus network in support of urban rail transportation, as well as the impact of future transit network plans on public transportation accessibility in the city of Khoan Kaen, Thailand. The performance of the public transportation system was predicted based on multimodal transport and the completed urban rail public transportation plan, as projected in the year 2036, in order to fill gaps in the existing feeder bus network. The feasibility and characteristics of the route reformation policy concept should provide an effective feeder network for the urban rail system. A comparative study was conducted on stakeholder impact for a three-fold scenario: 1) separate individual lines for bus routes; 2) both forms of feeder bus networks (conventional and reformed); and 3) access to three designated utility areas from the entire feeder bus network. In this scenario, the most effective urban mobility support was provided by public facilities combined with a major roadway directly connecting to the designated positions. The time used on the extended bus route network increased by around 11% on average for the entire trip, while accessibility increased by approximately 67.75%, 47.9%, and 43.68% for the entire multimodal transport network. These analytical results make a significant contribution to future knowledge on urban transformation through urban mass transit projects. The contribution of land acquisition was significant. Also, the demand-responsive connection approach used in this study can be adopted to determine feeder bus reformation options, particularly in emerging economies.</p> Wantana Prapaporn Takuro Inohae Patiphan Kaewwichian Somsiri Siewwuttanagul Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Regional and City Planning 2022-09-12 2022-09-12 33 2 79 95 10.5614/jpwk.2022.33.2.5 The Impact of Political Annexation on Urban Primacy: A natural experiment on Mexico City testing the institutional origins of primacy <p class="BodyAA">Institutional theories of urban primacy suggest centralized urbanization can be decentralized through political reform. Despite this potential, rectifying primacy and its attendant inefficiencies attracts sporadic interest. Perhaps this is because the disruption of primacy is rarely observed, rendering the potential of decentralization a nebulous concept. Missing cities are a defining feature of primacy yet rarely figure in empirical cost-benefit analyses. To explore this dimension, we examine the history of urbanization in a large country renowned for primacy before and after it was invaded and divided into two countries. In the invaded part of the country, we observe the disruption of primacy following the transformation of political institutions, highlighting the importance of addressing institutions in the redress of urban primacy.</p> George Wilkinson Fiona Haslam McKenzie Julian Bolleter Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Regional and City Planning 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 33 2 96 114 10.5614/jpwk.2022.33.2.6 Main Challenges of Post-Earthquake Renovation in the Case of Zagreb City Center <p>This paper presents the results of a research on the problems and challenges of post-earthquake renovation in the inner city center of Zagreb, where mostly older, historical buildings are situated, which were severely damaged in the 2020 earthquake. Almost two years after the earthquake, political actors have not been able to make much progress regarding the post-earthquake renovation, which has caused discontent among vulnerable citizens. This paper presents the results of a qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with owners of damaged apartments and co-owners’ representatives. The authors found two main issues with the post-earthquake renovation in Zagreb: 1) incomplete renovation and problems with the financing of repairs to damaged buildings, and 2) people moving out of the city center and city apartmanization. The results showed that the cost of damage repair in most cases was covered by the citizens themselves and that institutional help has been slow and bureaucratized. Also, the participation process regarding renovation has not been successful for the citizens and they are still dealing with similar problems as in the beginning of the renovation.</p> Anđelina Svirčić Gotovac Mirjana Adamović Jelena Zlatar Gamberožić Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Regional and City Planning 2022-10-05 2022-10-05 33 2 115 132 10.5614/jpwk.2022.32.2.7