Journal of Regional and City Planning https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk <p><img src="http://journals.itb.ac.id/public/site/images/budini/logo_web_2.jpg" alt="" /></p> <p><strong>Indexing: </strong><a href="https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/21100889410?origin=resultslist">SCOPUS</a>, Web of Science (ESCI), other </p> <p><strong>ISSN: </strong>2502-6429 (online)</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>Journal of Regional and City Planning</em></strong> or JRCP is a tri-annual open access journal mainly focusing on urban and regional studies and planning in transitional, developing and emerging economies. JRCP covers topics related to the sciences, analytics, development, intervention, and design of communities, cities, and regions including their physical, spatial, technological, economic, social and political environments. The journal is committed to create a multidisciplinary forum in the field by seeking original paper submissions from planners, architects, geographers, economists, sociologists, humanists, political scientists, environmentalists, engineers and other who are interested in the past, present, and future transformation of cities and regions in transitional, developing and emerging economies.</p> <p><a title="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" href="https://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=21100889410&amp;tip=sid&amp;exact=no"><img src="https://www.scimagojr.com/journal_img.php?id=21100889410" alt="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" border="0" /></a></p> <p> </p> The Institute for Research and Community Services, Institut Teknologi Bandung en-US Journal of Regional and City Planning 2502-6429 <p>Manuscript submitted to JRCP has to be an original work of the author(s), contains no element of plagiarism, and has never been published or is not being considered for publication in other journals. The author(s) retain the copyright of the content published in JRCP. There is no need for request or consultation for future re-use and re-publication of the content as long as the author and the source are cited properly.</p> Assessing the Implementation of a City for All within the New Indonesian Capital City: Smart and Green City Perspective https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/20034 <p>The ‘city for all’ concept shows how the new Indonesian capital city Nusantara is expected to create a harmonious and inclusive relationship between its residents and its surrounding environment. There is still a long way to go towards its implementation, as there are many unsolved environmental problems related to the new capital city project. In line with the previously-mentioned statement, this study analyzed the feasibility of implementing the city for all concept in the new capital city in view of the existing environmental issues in East Kalimantan. Another objective of this research was to see whether the city for all concept is compatible with the local context. These two research objectives were pursued by using the ‘smart city’ and ‘green city’ perspectives to assess the current development progress. We used qualitative research methods, including fieldwork and in-depth interviews with various actors in both the national and local context, as well as intensive archival research. This study revealed that there is a discrepancy in vision between the government, the city planners, and the locals in East Kalimantan. Furthermore, the locals, especially indigenous people, have shown a lukewarm response to the capital city project. Based on the fieldwork, it seems that the city for all concept and the currently existing smart and green city components do not match. This study concludes that solving the current environmental problems and unequal social participation should be done first before carrying on with the capital city development planning.</p> Wasisto Raharjo Jati Choerunisa Noor Syahid Ayu Nova Lissandhi Yusuf Maulana Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-11 2023-12-11 34 3 232 247 10.5614/jpwk.2023.34.3.1 The Hubs of Transformation Dictated by the Innovation Wave: Boston as a Case Study https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/20602 <p class="Abstrak" style="margin-bottom: 12.0pt;">Cities have become nodes of global networks, standing at the intersection points of the flows of capital, goods, workers, businesses, and travelers, making them spots where innovation, progress and economic development occur. Design emerges as an essential feature in this process, which this manuscript defines as the ‘laboratorization of cities’, a cutting-edge urban development paradigm that emphasizes cities as dynamic laboratories for innovation and experimentation. This study explored the spatial hubs of transformation within the knowledge economy, providing an overview of the current models of innovation spaces before focusing on the innovation district of one of the cities that are riding the innovation wave, namely Boston, USA. Information was gathered from observations, exploratory interviews with key stakeholders, and on-desk data. The study has significant implications, spanning from informing global urban development strategies to impacting regional economic planning and national policies. It provides valuable insights into how design, innovation, and urban development are interconnected, potentially reshaping how cities and regions approach their growth in the current knowledge-driven era. Useful lessons can be drawn from the case study analysis, allowing to define valuable tools for policymakers, a forward-looking perspective on the future of the laboratorization of cities and the evolving role of design, providing a roadmap for cities aiming to position themselves as global innovation hubs.</p> Luana Parisi Sohrab Donyavi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-11 2023-12-11 34 3 248 269 10.5614/jpwk.2023.34.3.2 A Study of Green Infrastructure in European Cities: Opportunities and possibilities https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/21187 <p>Green infrastructure (GI) is generally defined as a network of natural and semi-natural regions that has been sensitively developed and managed to provide an array of ecosystem services and improve people’s well-being. Across Europe, the notion of GI has had a robust association with the the impacts of climate change, multifunctionality, and green growth; this is especially true over the past ten years, from 2012 to 2022. This has resulted in a broad-based agenda on policy and research with vast differences, targeting a variety of themes and cultures. The systematic review and meta-analysis conducted in this paper present an up-to-date review of the main attributes of GI-related research and the implications for the member states within the European Union (EU). GI-related concepts, thematic clusters, and the main priorities within the research were considered in our review. Due to the ambiguity of the definition of GI, a broad diversity of research goals and published output are discussed. It was also seen that green spaces situated within urban areas and their related ecosystem services are the most common topics in the literature. Based on this, we recommend that an in-depth integration of the goals pertaining to nature conservation be conducted to understand how GI may pertain towards sustainable transitions in and outside the city.</p> Jenan Hussein Peter Kumble Henry W.A Hanson IV Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-22 2023-12-22 34 3 270 285 10.5614/jpwk.2023.34.3.3 A Consensus Model for Coastal Potential- Conflict Management: The Case of Pangkung Tibah Village, Bali https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/16326 <p>The tourism development of the Pangkung Tibah Village coastal area has reportedly caused various changes in the functions of lands. These changes have led to potential conflicts among the involved actors, who have different interests, indicating the necessity for problem-solving efforts. Potential conflicts should be addressed early to prevent them from developing into bigger conflicts. The results of this study may be used as a guideline for developing policies to prevent potential conflicts. The study aimed to: (1) identify the characteristics of the potential conflicts in the Pangkung Tibah Village coastal area, (2) carry out an analytical mapping of the potential conflicts, and (3) formulate a consensus model for the management of the potential conflicts by maximizing the role of the local community. The participatory rural appraisal (PRA) approach was used to identify and conduct an analytical mapping of potential conflicts in the Pangkung Tibah Village coastal area. The findings revealed that due to the vulnerability of this coastal area to damages, interventions should be controlled by direct action that is supported by formal and customary laws. Regarding the identification of the actors, causes, and types of differences in this study, an analytical mapping was conducted, with the potential conflicts being categorized into three levels: ‘mild’, ‘moderate’, and ‘severe’. These levels were determined based on the nature of their relationships with the three categories of sustainable development. In conclusion, a consensus model is proposed as a solution to manage the existing potential conflicts in the coastal area of Pangkung Tibah Village based on the local community and stakeholders’ participation in order to well manage the social, economic, and environmental aspects towards sustainable development.</p> Ni Ketut Agusintadewi I Gde Putu Bayu Raka Purba I Gusti Ngurah Anom Rajendra Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 34 3 286 302 10.5614/jpwk.2023.34.3.4 Urban Planning Approach and Production of Counter Architecture: A Case Study of New Market, Khulna https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/19794 <p>Informal spatial practices in cities of the Global South are often regarded as activities taking place outside the realm of regulatory oversight. The prevailing urban governance and planning paradigms, which are largely derived from developed countries, struggle to adapt to the dynamic nature of these practices and the inherent conflicts they entail. Furthermore, the influence of disorderly political systems further complicates matters at the local level. In response to planned development, informal spatial practices persist as a critical yet overlooked/integral aspect of ever-evolving urban realities. This paper provides new insights into the current dynamics surrounding the creation of informal urban spaces in Global South cities and their interaction with the formal planning framework. Our study focused on the city of Khulna in Bangladesh, a compelling case study with a history of failed industrial planning dating back to the 1960s, when it was designed by a group of British consultants. Following its initial failure and the city’s subsequent decline in population, Khulna has witnessed an unforeseen surge in ‘counter spatial’ development driven by the imperative to meet socio-economic and cultural needs. This paper underscores the significance of such type of informal spatial production and introduces/highlights the concept of ‘counter architecture’ as a pivotal element of society that demands recognition and inclusion in the broader urban development framework. It suggests that the ‘counter architecture’ lens provides a foundation for challenging the rigidity of master planning and understanding the interconnectedness between formal and informal urban spaces. This perspective emphasizes the need to consider the lived experiences and tactical attributes of spatial formation, ultimately highlighting the resistance of ‘inhabitants’ and ‘users’ against the static codes of modern master planning in cities of Global South like Khulna.</p> Raihan Khan Apurba K. Podder Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-26 2023-12-26 34 3 303 321 10.5614/jpwk.2023.34.3.5 Déjà Vu: The Untenable Reality of the Pavement Dwellers of Dhaka - Evidence from Three Decades https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/20427 <p>Pavement dwellers migrate to the city in search of better opportunities. Their commitment to this way of life is based on an expectation of benefits in the destination area. This study examined five aspects of pavement dwellers’ reality: demographics, socioeconomics, migration outcomes, living conditions, and fulfillment of expectations. A mixed-method data collection exercise resulted in 64 pavement dwellers’ accounts of their current situation in Dhaka city, which were compared to similar studies from 1991 and 1993. The results show that their conditions have remained unchanged. Though half of the migration occurred for economic reasons, the real income level has remained the same as in 1991. Shelter and employment remain elusive, and moving to slums is financially infeasible. More than half of those interviewed lived on the pavement for access to a livelihood. Most declared that they could not access social safety nets. The persistence of pavement dwelling in the face of remarkable economic growth demands the refocusing of policies on urban poverty eradication.</p> Anwara Begum Kazi Zubair Hossain Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-25 2023-12-25 34 3 322 341 10.5614/jpwk.2023.34.3.6 From Thousand Canals to Roads: The Transformation of Transportation Mode in Pontianak https://journals.itb.ac.id/index.php/jpwk/article/view/20243 <p class="PPAbstractandKeywords">Pontianak City was established in 1771 on the the Kapuas River and Landak River riverbanks, the latter being the longest river in Indonesia. The city was once known as the City of a Thousand Canals. However, in its development, people shifted to land transportation modes, leaving the canals in an extinction process. This study aimed to uncover the factors and impacts of the inland water transportation network fading from the Pontianak urban structure. The research used a sequential explanatory design, combining qualitative methods in the form of literature review and quantitative methods using space syntax analysis. By comparing the spatial configuration of the canals and roads in a diachronic approach, the study found proof of the importance of the canals’ existence in the Pontianak urban structure. Water transportation can be the answer to fixing environmental issues, flood hazards, and traffic congestion. Revitalizing the canals can help bring a healthy water environment because the people will change their perception of the canals from sewage routes to transportation routes. Revitalizing the canals can also bring back waterside activity, generate a sense of belonging, and bring back part of the former identity of Pontianak City.</p> Ivan Gunawan Bambang Soemardiono Dewi Septanti Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Regional and City Planning https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2024-01-10 2024-01-10 34 3 342 358 10.5614/jpwk.2023.34.3.7