3D Model Based on Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) Case study: The Cangkuang Temple, Garut District, West Java, Indonesia

Sadikin Hendriatiningsih, Deni Suwardhi, J. Januragadi

Abstract


The subject of the  investigation reported in this paper is  the visualization of three-dimensional (3D) surface models in a 3D mapping survey using terrestrial laser scanning (TLS). The Cangkuang Temple nearby Garut City was chosen as the object. The laser technology instruments used were a Topcon GLS-1000 (Geodetic Laser Scanner) and a Topcon IS (Image Station). Twelve points at  the same position in each 3D surface model  were selected.  The coordinate system of the IS was then transformed into the coordinate system of the GLS-1000 using a 3D similarity transformation model. The 3D distances were calculated for each model.  Differences  in distance were considered as errors  in the x, y,  and z  direction.  The standard deviation of the  distance differences was ±0.301 m. Some of the distance differences did not fall within the range of tolerances (about 15%). The 3D surface model visualization of the Cangkuang Temple that was created from the GLS-1000 data was more precise than the one created from the IS data. In the future, such 3D surface model visualizations could be used for documentation, preservation and reconstruction of heritage buildings.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Staiger, R., Terrestrial Laser Scanning-Technology, System and Application, Proceedings of 2nd FIG Regional Conference, ISBN 87-90907-28-0, Marrakech, Morocco, December 2-5, 2003, Editors: Taïb Tachalait & J. Schnurr, TS 12.3-Positioning and Measurement Technologies and Practices, 2003.

Alkan, R.M. & Karsidag, G., Analysis of The Accuracy of Terrestrial Laser Scanning Measurements, Proceedings of FIG Working Week, ISBN 97887-90907-98-3, Commission: 6 and 5-Knowing to Manage The Territory, Protect The Environment, Evaluate The Cultural Heritage,Rome, Italy, 6-10 May 2012, Editors: Prof. Rudolf Staiger & Prof. Volker Schwieger, TS07A – Laser Scanners I, 6097, 2012.

Altuntas, C. & Yildiz, F., Registration of Terrestrial Laser Scanner Point Clouds by One Image, XXI st ISPRS Congress Technical Commission VII July 3-11, 2008 Beijing, China, The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences,

Chen Jun, Jiang Jie, Hans-Gerd Maas, (eds.), XXXVII(B5), pp. 597-600,

Karabork, H., Yildiz, F., Yakar, M., Altuntas, C. & Karasaka, L., Modeling and Visualization using Laser Scanner in Documentation of Cultural Heritage, Proceeding 21st CIPA Symposium AntiCIPAting the Future of Cultural Past, October 1-6, 2007, Athens, Greece, ISPRS Archives, XXXVI-5/C53, 2007.

Grussenmeyer, P., Landes, T., Voegtle, T. & Ringle, K., Comparison Methods of Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Photogrammetry and Tacheometry Data for Recording of Cultural of Cultural Heritage Buildings, Proceeding XXIst ISPRS Congress Technical Commission V July 3-11, 2008 Beijing, China, The International Archives of the

Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences,Chen Jun, Jiang Jie, Hans-Gerd Maas, (eds.), WG V/2 Cultural Heritage Documentation, XXXVII(B5), pp. 213-218, 2008.

Cheong, S.C., Ong, C.W., Setan, H., & Majid, Z., Terrestrial Laser Scanning for Cultural Heritage Documentation, Case Study: The Old Palace, Seri Menanti, 11th South East Asian Survey Congress and 13th International Surveyors’ Congress Innovation towards Sustainability, 22-24 June 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, International Office of Cadastre and Land Records (OICRF), http://www.oicrf.org/document.asp? ID=10514. (5 November 2013).

Rasztovits, S. & Dorninger, P., Comparison of 3D Reconstruction Services and Terrestrial Scanning for Cultural Heritage Documentation, Proceeding International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 2013 XXIV International CIPA Symposium, 2-6 September 2013, Strasbourg, France, XL-5/W2, 2013.

UNESCO, Convention Concerning The Protection of The World Cultural and Natural Heritage, http://whc.unesco.org/en/convention text/. (30 December 2013).

National Library of Indonesia, Indonesian Temples, http://candi.pnri.go.id/jawa barat/index.htm. (25 November 2013).

Google maps, Cangkuang Temple Location, Garut City,http://maps.google. com/ maps. (5 September 2014).

Reshetyuk, Y., Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Error Source, Selfcalibration, And Direct Geo referencing, 1st Ed., VDM Verlag Dr. Muller-Saarbrucken Tyskland, p. 184, 2009.

Fröhlich, C. & Mettenleiter, M., Terrestrial Laser Scanning, New Perspectives in 3D Surveying, Proceeding International Archive of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 3D Model Based on Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) 19(ISPRS), Laser-Scanners for Forest and Landscape Assessment 03-06

October, 2004, M. Thies, B. Koch, H. Spiecker, H. Weinacker, (eds.),XXXVI–8/W2, pp. 1-7, 2004.

Slob, S. & Hack, R., 3D Terrestrial Laser Scanning as New Field Measurement and Monitoring Technique, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, Engineering Geology for Infrastructure Planning in Europe, Springer, New York, 104, pp. 179-189, 2004.

Quintero, M., Genechten, B.V., Bruyne, M.D., Ronald, P., Hankar, M. & Barnes, S., Theory And Practice On Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Learning Tools for Advanced Three-dimensional Surveying in Risk Awareness Project (3DRiskMapping), 2008.

Topcon, Leaflet GLS-1000–Geodetic Laser Scanner, Topcon Positioning System Inc., ©2008 Topcon Corporation, http://www.topcontotalcare.com/en/hardware/scanning/gls_1000/specifications/.(30 December 2013).

Topcon, Leaflet IS – Imaging Station: Long Range Scanning-Imaging and Robotic Total Station, Topcon Positioning System Inc., ©2008

Topcon Corporation, http://www. topconpositioning.com/products/totalstations/imaging-and-scanning/ imaging-station. (30 December 2013).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fj.eng.technol.sci.2015.47.1.1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.