Kebutuhan dan Peluang Pengembangan Fasilitas Pedestrian Pada Sistem Jalan di Perkotaan

B. S. Kusbiantoro, Petrus Natalivan, Dian Aquarita

Abstract


This article is aimed at explaining the relation between urban road system and need and possibility for the development of pedestrian facilities. Literature review is conducted to formulate need and possibility for the development of pedestrian facilities. Empirical study is conducted to structure the problems of the development of pedestrian facilities, to identify the need based on the existing road system, and to formulate the possibility in the future. The results show us that the need for the development of pedestrian facilities based on the existing road system can be identified based on road functions, road network pattern, and mobility pattern. Based on these criteria, pedestrian facilities on the road system of Bandung Municipality are highly needed. However, the large space needed for pedestrian facilities and limited dimension of the right of ways (ROW) cause the limited space available for the development of pedestrian facilities. There are only several row of road on which pedestrian facilities can he optimally developed. The rests are restricted only for the main pedestrian facilities. Moreover, they have no possibility to be developed for pedestrian facilities because the roadsides are small Although the urban road system meets the criteria for the development of pedestrian facilities, ills not guaranteed that the pedestrian facilities are developed on it. This is because motive and perception towards the mode of walking also influence the development decision.

Keywords


pedestrian; pedestrian facilities; urban road system; transportation system

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexander, C. 1965. A City Is Not A Tree. London : Thames & Hudson.

Alexander, Ian. 1974. City Centre Redevelopment: An Evaluation of Alternatif Approach. Oxford: Pergamon Press Bishop, Kirk. No Year. Designing Urban Corridors: Planning Advisory Service Report Number 418. American Planning Association.

FHWA. 1980. Dalam Pignataro, Louis J. 1976. Traffic Engineering. New Jersey : Prentice Hall, Inc.

Fruin, John J. 1971. Pedestrian Planning and Design. New York : Metropolitan Association of Urban Designers and Environmental Planners, Inc.

Gehl, J. 1987. Life Between Buildings. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Giovany. 1977. Dalam Widiani, Ani. 1997. Perancangan Fasilitas Jalan Kaki Berdasarkan Karakteristik Perilaku Pejalan di Kawasan Komersial Merdeka Bandung. Tugas Akhir Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota ITB Bandung.

Harris, Dines, Charles W, and Nicholas. 1988. Time Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture (Design and Construction Data). Singapore : McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Jacobs, Alan B. 1993. Great Streets. Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Joewono, Tri Basuki and Kubota. (2005). The Characteristics of Paratransit and nonmotorized Transport in Bandung, Indonesia. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol 6, pp. 262-277.

Li, Yan and Tsukaguchi. 2005. Relationship between Network Topology and Pedestrian Route Choice Behaviour. Journal of Eastern Asie Society for Transportation Studies. Vol. 6, Pp: 241-248.

Pignataro, Louis, J. 1976. Traffic Engineering. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Ramdani, Trini. 1992. Studi Peningkatan Pelayanan Fasilitas Pejalan di Pusat Kota Bandung. Tugas Akhir Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota ITB Bandung.

Rochadi Tri, Mochammad, dkk. 1991. Dalam Mahasiswa Pasca Sarjana Program Studi Perancangan Arsitektur. 1991. Teori Perancangan Urban. Program Pasca Sarjana ITB Bandung.

Rubenstein, 1978. Central City Mall, Stectscapes and Urban Space. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Rubenstein, Harvey M. 1987. A Guide to Site Planning and Landscape Construction, Fourth Edition. New York : John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Rubenstein, Harvey M. 1992. Pedestrian Malls, Streetscopes, and Urban Spaces. New York : John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Salingaros, Nikos A. 1998. Journal of Urban Design : Theory of the Urban Web. Texas : Carfax Publishing, Ltd.

Shirvani, Hamid. 1985. The Urban Design Process. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Sjaifudian, Hetifah. 1988. Moda Angkutan Jalan Kaki dan Penilaian Kinerja Fasilitas yang Ada di Kota Bandung. Tugas Akhir Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota ITB Bandung.

Sleight, R.B. 1972. The Pedestrian : Human Factors in Highway Traffic Safety Research. New York : Wiley-Interscience.

Seogijoko, Budhy T. 1981. Public Transportation in Bandung. Disertation. MIT.

Trancik, Roger. 1986. Finding Lost Space. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Untermann, Richard K. 1984. Acomodating the Pedestrian. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, Inc.

Weiner, E.L. 1968. The Elderly Pedestrian : Response to an Enforcement Campaign. Traffic Safety Research Review. N.p.

Zucker, P. 1959. Town and Square : From the Agora to The Village Green. New York : Columbia University Press

Dinas Lalu Lintas dan Angkutan Jalan Kotamadya Dati II Bandung Tahun 1995 tentang Perumbuan dan Tata Letak Rambu di Kotamadya Dati II Bandung.

Direktorat Jenderal Bina Marga Direktorat Pembinaan Jalan Kota. Peraturan No. 007/BNKT/1990 tentang Petunjuk Perencanaan Trotoar.

Keputusan Direktur Jenderal Perhubungan Darat Nomor SK.43/AJ 007/DRJD/97 tentang Perekayasaan Fasilitas Pejalan Kaki di Wilayah Kota.

Keputusan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum Nomor 468/KPTS/1998 tentang Persyaratan Teknik Aksesibilitas pada Bangunan Umum dan Lingkungan

Keputusan Menteri Perhubungan Nomor KM 65 Tahun 1993 tentang Fasilitas Pendukung Kegiatan Lalu Lintas dan Angkutan Jalan.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 26 Tahun 1985 tentang Jalan.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 43 Tahun 1993 tentang Prasarana dan Lalu Lintas Jalan.

Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 38 Tahun 2004 tentang Jalan.




Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 Journal of Regional and City Planning