Comparison of Surface Characteristics of Medical-grade 316L Stainless Steel Processed by Sand-blasting, Slag Ball-blasting and Shot-blasting Treatments
Keywords:316L stainless steel, sand-blasting, shot-blasting, slag ball-blasting, surface characteristics
AbstractIn this research, a comparative study was carried out to examine the surface characteristics of medical-grade 316L stainless steel after blasting treatments by using angular silica particles, spherical slag balls and spherical metallic shot. The surface roughness, morphology, elemental composition and microhardness distribution of the stainless steel were determined and the possible mechanisms in the evolution of the surface characteristics of the steel exposed to the blasting treatments were established. The results showed that all the blasting treatments conducted in this research increased the roughness and hardness of the steel surface. In this case, the roughest stainless steel surface was achieved by the slag ball-blasting treatment, but the stainless steel with the hardest surface and the thickest hard subsurface layer was obtained by the shot-blasting treatment. On the basis of the findings in this research it can be concluded that the physical properties and surface morphology of particles or shot used in the blasting treatment are critical parameters in determining the surface characteristics of blasted stainless steel.
Elias, N.E., Oshida, Y., Lima, J.H.C. & Muller, C.A., Relationship between Surface Properties (Roughness, Wettability and Morphology) of Titanium and Dental Implant Removal Torque, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 1, pp. 234-242, 2008.
Le Guehennec, L., Soueidan, A., Layrolle, P. & Amouriq, Y., Surface Treatments of Titanium Dental Implants for Rapid Osseointegration, Dental Materials, 23(7), pp. 844-854, 2007.
Song, G.-L. & Xu, Z.Q., The Surface, Microstructure and Corrosion of Magnesium Alloy AZ31 Sheet, Electrochimica Acta, 55(13), pp. 4148-4161, 2010.
Suyitno, Arifvianto, B., Widodo, T.D., Mahardika, M., Dewo, P. & Salim, U.A., Effect of Cold Working and Sandblasting on the Microhardness, Tensile Strength and Corrosion Resistance of AISI 316L Stainless Steel, International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy, and Materials, 19(12), pp. 1093-1099, 2012.
Baleani, M., Viceconti, M. & Toni, A., The Effect of Sandblasting Treatment on Endurance Properties of Titanium Alloy Hip Prostheses, Artificial Organs, 24(4), 296-299, Dec. 2000.
An, Y.H. & Friedmann, R.J., Concise Review of Mechanisms of Bacterial Adhesion to Biomaterial Surfaces, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 43(3), pp. 338-348, 1998.
Piatelli, A., Manzon, L., Scarano, A.A., Paolantonio, M. & Piatelli, M., Histologic and Histomorphometric Analysis of the Bone Response to Machined and Sandblasted Titanium Implants: An Experimental Study in Rabbits, The International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, 13(6), pp. 805-810, 1998.
Dewo, P., van der Houwen, E.B., Suyitno, Marius, R., Magetsari, R. & Verkerke, G.J., Redesign of Indonesian-Made Osteosynthesis Plates to Enhance Their Mechanical Behavior, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 42, pp. 274-281, 2015.
Azar, V., Hashemi, B. & Yazdi, M.R., The Effect of Shot Peening on Fatigue and Corrosion Behavior of 316L Stainless Steel in Ringer's Solution, Surface and Coatings Technology, 204(21-22), pp. 3546-3551, Aug. 2010.
Arifvianto, B., Suyitno & Mahardika, M., Effect of Sandblasting and Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment on Surface Roughness, Wettability, and Microhardness Distribution of AISI 316L, Key Engineering Materials, 462-463, pp. 738-743, 2011.
Arifvianto, B., Suyitno, Wibisono, K.A. & Mahardika, M., Influence of Grit Blasting Treatment Using Steel Slag Balls on the Subsurface Microhardness, Surface Characteristics and Chemical Composition of Medical Grade 316L Stainless Steel, Surface and Coatings Technology, 210, pp. 176-182, Oct. 2012.
Arifvianto, B., Suyitno & Mahardika, M., Surface Modification of Titanium Using Steel Slag Ball and Shot Blasting Treatment for Biomedical Implant Applications, International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy, and Materials, 20(8), pp. 788-795, 2013.
Multigner, M., Frutos, E., Gonzalez-Carrasco, J.L., Jimenez, J.A., Marin, P. & Ibanez, J., Influence of The Sandblasting on the Subsurface Microstructure of 316LVM Stainless Steel: Implications on the Magnetic and Mechanical Properties, Materials Science and Engineering C, 29(4), pp. 1357-1360, 2009.
Aparicio, C., Gil, F.J., Fonseca, C., Barbosa, M. & Planell, J.A., Corrosion Behavior of Commercially Pure Titanium Shot Blasted with Different Materials and Sizes of Shot Particles for Dental Implant Application, Biomaterials, 24(2), pp. 263-273, 2003.
Arifvianto, B., Suyitno, Mahardika, M., Dewo, P., Iswanto, P.T. & Salim, U.A., Effect of Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment (SMAT) on Microhardness, Surface Roughness and Wettability of AISI 316L, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 125(3), pp. 418-426, 2011.
Fang, C.-K. & Chuang, T.H., Surface Morphologies and Erosion Rates of Metallic Building Materials after Sandblasting, Wear, 230(2), pp. 156-164, 1999.
Bhushan, B., Introduction to Tribology, Ed. 2, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 2013.
Liu, G., Lu, J. & Lu, K., Surface Nanocrystallization of 316L Stainless Steel Induced by Ultrasonic Shot Peening, Materials Science and Engineering A, 286(1), pp. 91-95, 2000.
Chen, M., Jiang, C., Xu, Z & Ji, V., Surface Layer Characteristics of SAF2507 Duplex Stainless Steel Treated by Stress Shot Peening, Applied Surface Science, 481, pp. 226-233, 2019.
Al-Obaid, Y.F., Shot Peening Mechanics: Experimental and Theoretical Analysis, Mechanics of Materials, 19(2-3), pp. 251-260, 1995.