Phytoremediation of Nutrients and Organic Carbon from Sago Mill Effluent using Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

Authors

  • Daniah Ali Hassoon Nash Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor,
  • Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor,
  • Hassimi Abu Hasan Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor,
  • Idris Mushrifah Tasik Chini Research Center, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor,
  • Nurul Fadhilah Muhammad Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor,
  • Israa Abdulwahab Al-Baldawi Department of Biochemical Engineering, Al-khwarizmi College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Baghdad 10001
  • Nur 'Izzati Ismail Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2019.51.4.8

Keywords:

ammonia, COD, nutrient uptake, phosphorus, phytoremediation, sago mill effluent, water hyacinth

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of floating water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) to survive under selected concentrations of sago mill effluent (SME) and determine the nutrient uptake by the plant. Phytoremediation at 10, 15, and 20% (VSME/Vwater) SME concentrations by water hyacinth was conducted under greenhouse conditions for 30 d in a batch type experiment. After 30 d of phytoremediation, the removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand, ammonia and phosphorus from SME wastewater were (86.4% to 97.2%), (91.4% to 97.3%) and (80.4 to 97.2%), respectively. The results proved theefficiency of water hyacinth to polish SME wastewater.

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References

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Published

2019-08-31

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