Comparison of Static Model, Adaptation Study, and CFD Simulation in Evaluating Thermal Comfort Based on Kppen Climate Classification System in Churches in Indonesia


  • Cornelia Hildegardis Engineering Department, Nusa Nipa University, Jalan Kesehatan No. 3 Maumere 86111 - Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia
  • Anak Agung Ayu Oka Saraswati Doctoral Program in Engineering Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Dewa Gede Agung Diasana Putra Doctoral Program in Engineering Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Ketut Agusinta Dewi Doctoral Program in Engineering Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia



This research examined thermal comfort in church buildings in Indonesia by making a comparison between three different Indonesian climatic regions using three different research models. A static model, an adaptation study model and a CFD simulation were used to find the similarities and differences between the results generated from determining thermal comfort in church buildings in the three regions. The comparison revealed that church buildings had different PMV scores at each measuring point that were inversely proportional to the subjects? response on thermal comfort inside the buildings, i.e. points adjoining with openings affect a low PMV score and a high perceived thermal sensation, and vice versa. The CFD simulation showed that changing the conditions of the openings affects air velocity and flow into the building, which influences the subjects? thermal comfort response inside the churches.


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