Thermal Performance Analysis of a Newly Designed Circular Firewood Boiling Salt Stove
Keywords:biomass, economic analysis, firewood, salt stove, thermal performance
Different biomass stoves are introduced and distributed among people living in rural and urban areas, especially in developing countries. For salt crystal production in Thailand?s rural north-eastern area, open fire stoves are used in domestic and small productive activities. Their thermal efficiency is very low for converting heat into utilization energy. A new stove with a circular configuration was designed and constructed to consider its thermal efficiency and economics, which were compared with those from a traditional and an improved traditional stove. The obtained thermal efficiency of the newly designed stove was 14.77% higher than that of the improved stove and 81.45% higher than that of the traditional stove. For the same initial saline volume, the final amounts of salt crystals and salt flowers obtained from the newly designed stove was higher compared with those obtained from the improved stove and the traditional stove, respectively, resulting in a 69.25% shorter payback period.
Rupakheti, D., Oanha, N.T.K., Rupakheti, M., Sharma, R.K., Panday, A.K., Puppala, S.P. & Lawrence, M.G., Indoor Levels of Black Carbon and Particulate Matters in Relation to Cooking Activities Using Different Cook Stove-Fuels in Rural Nepal, Energy for Sustainable Development, 48, pp. 25-33, 2019.
Roub, H. & Mazancov, J., Small-scale Biogas Plants in Central Vietnam and Biogas Appliances with a Focus on a Flue Gas Analysis of Biogas Cook Stoves, Renewable Energy, 131, pp. 1138-1145, 2019.
Deng, M., Li, P., Ma, R., Shan, M. & Yang, X., Air Pollutant Emission Factors of Solid Fuel Stoves and Estimated Emission Amounts in Rural Beijing, Environment International, 138, 105608, 2020.
Skreiberg, O. & Georges, L., Wood Stove Material Configurations for Increased Thermal Comfort, Energy Procedia, 142, pp. 488-494, 2014.
Carvalhoa, R.L., Jensena, O.M. & Tarelho, L.A.C., Mapping the Performance of Wood-Burning Stoves by Installations Worldwide, Energy and Buildings, 127, pp. 658-679, 2016.
Carvalho, R.L., Vicente, E.D., Tarelho, L.A.C. & Jensen, O.M., Wood Stove Combustion Air Retrofits: A Low Cost Way to Increase Energy Savings in Dwellings, Energy & Buildings, 164, pp. 140-152, 2018.
Cable, A., Georges, L., Peigne, P., Skreiberg, O. & Druette, L., Evaluation of A New System Combining Wood-Burning Stove, Flue Gas Heat Exchanger and Mechanical Ventilation with Heat Recovery in Highly Insulated Houses, Applied Thermal Engineering, 157, 113693, 2019.
Illerup, J.B., Hansen, B.B., Lin, W., Nickelsen, J., Pedersen, V.H., Eskerod, B. & Johansen, K.D., Performance of an Automatically Controlled Wood Stove: Thermal Efficiency and Carbon Monoxide Emissions, Renewable Energy, 151, pp. 640-647, 2020.
Scharler, R., Gruber, T., Ehrenher, A., Kelz, J., Bardar, R.M., Bauer, T., Hochenauer, C. & Couce, A.A., Transient CFD Simulation of Wood Log Combustion in Stoves, Renewable Energy, 145, pp. 651-662, 2020.
Koyuncu, T., & Pinar, Y., The Emissions from a Space-Heating Biomass Stove, Biomass and Bioenergy, 31, pp. 73-79, 2007.
Maxwell, D., Gudka, B.A., Jones, J.M. & Williams, A., Emissions From the Combustion of Torrefied and Raw Biomass Fuels in a Domestic Heating Stove, Fuel Processing Technology, 199, 106266, 2020.
Wang, Z., Duanmu, L., Yuan, P., Ning, M. & Liu, Y., Experimental Study of Thermal Performance Comparison Based on the Traditional and Multifunctional Biomass Stoves in China, Procedia Engineering, 121, pp. 845 - 853, 2015.
Phusrimuang, J. & Wongwuttanasatian, T., Improvements On Thermal Efficiency of a Biomass Stove for a Steaming Process in Thailand, Applied Thermal Engineering, 98, pp. 196-202, 2016.
Rasoulkhani, M., Ebrahimi-Nik, M., Abbaspour-Fard, M.H. & Rohani, A., Comparative Evaluation of the Performance of an Improved Biomass Cook Stove and the Traditional Stoves of Iran, Sustainable Environment Research, 28, pp. 438-443, 2018.
Roubik, H., Mazancova. J., Pung L.D. & Dung D.V., Quantification of Biogas Potential from Livestock Waste in Vietnam, Argonomy Research, 15, pp. 540-552, 2017.
Roubik, H., Barrera, S., Dung D.V., Phung, L.D. & Mazancova J., Emission Reduction Potential of Household Biogas Plants in Developing Countries: The Case of Central Vietnam, Journal of Cleaner Production, 270, 122257, 2020.
Bhattacharya, S.C., Albina, O.D. & Khaing, A.M., Effects of Selected Parameters on Performance and Emission of Biomass-fired Cookstoves, Biomass and Bioenergy, 23 pp. 387-395. 2002.
Kucerova I., Banout, J., Lojka, B. & Polesny, Z., Performance Evaluation of Wood Burning Cookstoves in Rural Area Near Pucallpa, PERU, Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 15, pp. 2421-2428, 2016.
Suresh, R., Singh, V.K., Malik, J.K., Datta, A. & Pal, R.C., Evaluation of The Performance of Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves with Different Solid Biomass Fuel Types, Biomass and Bioenergy, 95, pp. 27-34, 2016.
Tanaka, H., Thermal Distillation System Utilizing Biomass Energy Burned in Stove by Means of Heat Pipe, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 55, pp. 2203-2208, 2016.
Kshirsagar, M.P. & Kalamkar, V.R. Application of Multi-response Robust Parameter Design for Performance Optimization of a Hybrid Draft Biomass Cook Stove, Renewable Energy, 153, pp. 1127-1139, 2020.
Mitchell, E.J.S., Ting, Y., Allan, J., Lea-Langton, A.R., Spracklen, D.V., McFiggans, G., Coe, H., Routledge, M.N., Williams, A. & Jones, J.M., Pollutant Emissions from Improved Cookstoves of the Type Used in Sub-Saharan Africa, Combustion Science and Technology, 192, pp. 1582-1602, 2020.
Panwar, N.L. & Rathore, N.S., Design and Performance Evaluation of a 5kW Producer Gas Stove, Biomass and Bioenergy, 32, pp. 1349-1352, 2008.
Kaushik, L.K. & Muthukumar, P., Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Technoeconomic Assessment (TEA) of Medium Scale (5-10 kW) LPG Cooking Stove with Two-layer Porous Radiant Burner, Applied Thermal Engineering, 133, pp. 316-326, 2018.
Mishra, N.K., Subhash, A., Mishra, C. & Muthukumar, P., Performance Characterization of a Medium-Scale Liquefied Petroleum Gas Cooking Stove with a Two-layer Porous Radiant Burner, Applied Thermal Engineering, 89, pp. 44-50, 2015.
Makonese, T., Annegarn, H.J. & Meyer, J., Performance Evaluation of Three Methanol Stoves Using a Contextual Testing Approach, Energy for Sustainable Development, 55, pp. 13-23, 2020.
Tryner, J., Willson, B.D. & Marchese, A.J., The Effects of Fuel Type and Stove Design on Emissions and Efficiency of Natural-Draft Semi-Gasifier Biomass Cook Stoves, Energy for Sustainable Development, 23, pp. 99-109, 2014.
Raman, P., Murali, J., Sakthivadivel, D. & Vigneswaran, V., Performance Evaluation of Three Types of Forced Draft Cook Stoves Using Fuel Wood and Coconut Shell, Biomass and Bioenergy, 49, pp. 333-340, 2013.
Montecuccoa, A., Sivitera, J. & Knoxa, A.R., A Combined Heat and Power System for Solid-Fuel Stoves Using Thermoelectric Generators, Energy Procedia, 75, pp. 597-602, 2015.
Najjar, Y.S.H. & Kseibi, M.M., Heat Transfer and Performance Analysis of Thermoelectric Stoves, Applied Thermal Engineering, 102, pp. 1045-1058, 2016.
Gao, H.B., Huang, G.H., Li, H.J., Qu, Z.G. & Zhang, Y.J., Development of Stove Powered Thermoelectric Generators: A Review, Applied Thermal Engineering, 96, pp. 297-310, 2016.
Montecucco, A., Siviter, J. & Knox, A.R., Combined Heat and Power System for Stoves with Thermoelectric Generators, Applied Energy, 185, pp. 1336-1342, 2017.
Guoneng, L., Youqu, Z., Hongkun, L., Jiangen, H., Jian, L., & Wenwen, G., Micro Combined Heat and Power System Based on Stove-Powered Thermoelectric Generator, Renewable Energy, 155, pp. 160-171, 2020.
Yuan, H., Song, X., Guan, R., Zhang, L., Li, X. & Zuo, X., Effect of Low Severity Hydrothermal Pretreatment on Anaerobic Digestion Performance of Corn Stover, Bioresource Technology, 294, 122238, 2019.
Shaoa, L., Chena, H., Lia, Y., Lic, J., Chena, G. & Wanga, G., Pretreatment of Corn Stover via Sodium Hydroxide-Urea Solutions to Improve the Glucose Yield, Bioresource Technology, 307, 123191, 2020.
Valsero, M.H., Cambronero, J.G., Garc, A.I.P. & Antolez, R.D., A Global Approach to Obtain Biobutanol from Corn Stover, Renewable Energy, 148, pp. 223-233, 2020.
Coleman, H.W. & Steele, W.G., Experimental and Uncertainty Analysis for Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1989.