Synthesis of Narrow Polydispersity Block Copolymers of PtBA-PS by Novel RAFT Polymerization Technique

Authors

  • M. Arcana Chemistry Department, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia
  • K. Nagesh 2Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Dept, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
  • Ramakrisnan Rama 2Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Dept, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/itbj.eng.sci.2004.36.1.5

Abstract

The synthesis of narrow disperse polystyrene (PS) and poly-t-butylacrylate (PtBA) was carried out by copolymerization using benzyldithiobenzoate as the chain transfer agent (CTA). Benzyl dithiobenzoate as a reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) agent has high transfer coefficient in polymerization of styrene to produce PS with higher molecular weight than that of calculated, in contrary with polymerization of t-butylacrylate to produce PtBA. These results were attributed to instability the benzyl dithiobenzoate as RAFT agent under the reaction conditions. PS as a macro-CTA is not active for t-butylacrylate polymerization due to low transfer coefficient. On the other hand PtBA as the macro-CTA is active to polymerize styrene to produce PtBA-PS block copolymer with high transfer coefficient if PtBA as macro-CTA have narrow polydispersity. The RAFT agent appears to degrade over a period of time when it is left at room temperature, which was evident from the results of PtBA.

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