Effects of Grinding Process on the Properties of the Coal Bottom Ash and Cement Paste


  • Sajjad Ali Mangi Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, SZAB Campus, Khairpur Mirs, Sindh,
  • Mohd Haziman Wan Ibrahim Jamilus Research Center, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Johor,
  • Norwati Jamaluddin Jamilus Research Center, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Johor,
  • Mohd Fadzil Arshad Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor,
  • Sheeraz Ahmed Memon Institute of Environmental Engineering & Management, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh,
  • Shahiron Shahidan Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor,




cement replacement, coal bottom ash, grinding effects, particle fineness, setting time


The grinding process is necessary to convert original coal bottom ash (CBA) into a powder form. The aim of this study is to evaluate the grinding process effects on physical properties of CBA, it influences on consistency and setting time of cement paste and to predict it potentiality based on chemical characteristics to reduce the alkali-silica reaction (ASR) in concrete. The CBA is the by-product of coal based thermal power plant. Due to high production of electricity in Malaysia, the excess amount of CBA has been produced annually and it causes the environmental problems.Therefore, it is necessary to come up with advanced solutions for that pollution. This study considered the different grinding periods i.e. 2, 10, 20, and 40hrs as to produce different particle fineness. It was perceived through the laboratory findings that the more the grinding period, finer the particle sizes. Besides that, cement paste with 10, 20 and 30% of ground CBA as a substitute of ordinary portland cement (OPC) by weight was prepared, it was observed that the consistency of OPC paste increases with the addition of ground CBA. Moreover, initial and final setting time of cement paste containing ground CBA was observed higher than the OPC paste. Hence, based on experimental analysis and energy efficiency scenario, grinding period of 20hrs with specific surface area 3835.75 cm2/g is suggested for the future studies.


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