A Better Engineering Design: Low Cost Assistance Kit for Manual Wheelchair Users with Enhanced Obstacle Detection


  • Dryvendra Dryvendra Faculty of Engineering and Computer Technology, AIMST University, 08100 Bedong, Kedah
  • Mritha Ramalingam School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, Transkrian, Nibong Tebal, Seberang Perai Selatan, Penang
  • Elanchezhian Chinnavan School of Physiotherapy, AIMST University, 08100 Bedong, Kedah
  • Puviarasi Puviarasi Department of Electronic and Communication Engineering, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamilnadu




This paper proposes a better engineering design of an assistance kit for manual wheelchair users. The design is aimed to enhance the detection of obstacles in the travelling path of the wheelchair user at low cost. This is facilitated by microcontroller and sensor technologies. The proposed design provides the intended user with obstacle detection, light detection, a light emitting diode (LED) emergency light system, and an emergency alarm system. The microcontroller is the main controller that receives input from the sensors and produces output to the light crystal display (LCD) screen, the LED emergency light system, and the emergency alarm system. An ultrasonic sensor is used to detect the presence of obstacles directly behind the wheelchair. If any obstacle exists behind the wheelchair within a set range, the system will alert the wheelchair user through different alarm sounds. In the case of absence of light, the LED emergency light system is activated and turns on a light source, which is attached to the wheelchair to provide a bright and clear path for the user. The distance between the obstacle and the wheelchair, and the status of the LED emergency light system are displayed on the LCD screen.


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How to Cite

Dryvendra, D., Ramalingam, M., Chinnavan, E., & Puviarasi, P. (2015). A Better Engineering Design: Low Cost Assistance Kit for Manual Wheelchair Users with Enhanced Obstacle Detection. Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, 47(4), 389-405. https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2015.47.4.4