Development of Composite Adsorbent Coating Based Acrylic Polymer/Bentonite for Methylene Blue Removal

Syahida Farhan Azha, Shazlina Abd Hamid, Suzylawati Ismail

Abstract


The development of composite adsorbent coating based acrylic polymer solution (APS) mixed with bentonite (ben) was investigated. The composite adsorbent coating was prepared and coated to a high surface area substrate, cotton cellulosic fiber (CCF). The APS/ben-CCF was used for a single cationic methylene blue (MB) dye adsorption system. Characterization of composition and structure of materials and coating was carried out by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and UV-spectroscopy (UV-VIS). The adsorption properties of the APS/ben-CCF were investigated as a function of solution pH, initial dye concentration and contact time as well as solution temperature of MB dye. The result revealed that the APS/ben-CCF functioned well in solutions of various pH (acidic to alkaline), achieving 100% removal of MB within 2 hours of adsorption for 50 ppm. Kinetic studies showed that APS/ben-CCF is endothermic in nature since the adsorption capacity increased with increasing solution temperature. These results demonstrate that APS/ben-CCF composite adsorbent coating is an advanced adsorbent with advantages such as easy phase separation and capability to remove cationic dyes in a short time period.

Keywords


acrylic polymer solution; adsorption; bentonite; composite adsorbent coating; methylene blue.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mohan, N., Balasubramanian, N. & Basha, C.A., Electrochemical Oxidation of Textile Wastewater and Its Reuse, Journal of hazardous materials, 147(1), pp. 644-651, 2007.

De Souza, G.U., Selene, M.A., Peruzzo, L.C. & Ulson de Souza, A.A., Numerical Study of the Adsorption of Dyes from Textile Effluents. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 32(9), pp. 1711-1718, 2008.

Das, S., Textile Effluent Treatment – A Solution to the Environmental Pollution, 2005. http://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/textile-industry-articles/textile-effluent-treatment/textile-effluent-treatment1.asp. (Accessed 12 May 2014)

Greenpeace International Report, Dirty Laundry Unravelling the Corporate Connections to Toxic Water Pollution in China, 2011.

http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/publications/toxics/Water%202011/dirty-laundry-12pages.pdf, (Accessed 1 July 2014).

Pang, Y.L. & Abdullah, A.Z., Current Status of Textile Industry Wastewater Management and Research Progress in Malaysia: A Review. CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water, 41(8), pp. 751-764, 2013.

Arslan-Alaton, I. & Alaton, I., Degradation of Xenobiotics Originating from the Textile Preparation, Dyeing, and Finishing Industry using Ozonation and Advanced Oxidation. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 68(1), pp. 98-107, 2007.

Benkli, Y.E., Can, M.F., Turan, M. & Celik, M.S., Modification of Organo-zeolite Surface for the Removal of Reactive Azo Dyes in Fixed-bed Reactors. Water research, 39(2), pp. 487-493, 2005.

Gu, X.H., Zhou, J.T., Zhang, A.L. & Liu, G.F., Treatment of Hyper‐saline Wastewater Loaded with Phenol by the Combination of Adsorption and an Offline Bio‐regeneration System. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 83, pp. 1034-1040, 2008.

Abdessemed, D., Nezzal, G. & Ben Aim, R., Coagulation–adsorption–ultrafiltration for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse. Desalination, 131, pp. 307-314, 2000.

Jawad, A.H., Rashid, R.A., Ishak, M.A.M., & Wilson, L.D., Adsorption of Methylene Blue onto Activated Carbon Developed from Biomass Waste by H2SO4 Activation: Kinetic, Equilibrium and Thermodynamic Studies, Desalination and Water Treatment, pp. 1-13, 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fj.eng.technol.sci.2017.49.2.5

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.