Model Optimasi Pemeliharaan Jalan Multi Tahun dengan Batasan Anggaran

Febri Zukhruf, Russ Bona Frazila, Jzolanda Tsavalista Burhani, Rafika Almira Samantha Ag


Pavement maintenance has longtermly been perceived as an essential factor for the road network efficiency and the driver safety. However, these activities involve the challenge issues relating to the pavement aging, the deterioration mechanism, and the available budget constraints. This paper then presents an optimization model for handling the multiyear maintenance programs in the network-level by including budget constraint. The model is developed as a mathematical programming problem, in which the Lagrange relaxation-based procedure is invoked for solving the problem. The numerical examples are also presented for providing the better insight of model application, in which the model could provide not only the multiyear maintenance programs but also the optimum budget allocation by considering the expected roughness performance of road network.

Pemeliharaan perkerasan jalan telah lama dianggap sebagai faktor penting dalam menentukan efisiensi jaringan jalan. Namun, kegiatan ini selalu melibatkan tantangan yang berkaitan dengan penuaan perkerasan, mekanisme deteriorasi, dan keterbatasan anggaran yang tersedia. Artikel ini kemudian mengusulkan model optimasi matematika untuk strategi pemeliharaan jalan multi tahun pada level jaringan. Model ini bertugas untuk menentukan jenis kegiatan pemeliharaan dan waktunya dengan tujuan meminimalkan nilai International Roughness Index (IRI) melalui pengoptimalan pemanfaatan alokasi anggaran. Untuk menginvestigasi aplikabilitas dari model ini,  eksperimen numerikal dilakukan pada jaringan jalan sederhana. Hasil dari eksperimen tersebut mengindikasikan kemampuan model tidak hanya dapat digunakan untuk merencanakan kegiatan pemeliharaan multi tahun dengan batasan anggaran, akan tetapi juga dapat digunakan untuk memberikan masukan terkiat penentuan alokasi anggaran dengan mengkonsiderasikan performa yang ingin dicapai.


Pemeliharaan Jalan Multi Tahun jamak, Level Jaringan, Pemrograman Matematika, Lagrange relaxation, Greedy Heuristics

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