Pengaruh Strength Reduction Tanah Clay-Shale Akibat Pelaksanaan Pemboran Terhadap Nilai Daya Dukung Pondasi Tiang di Jembatan Suramadu Berdasarkan Analisis Hasil Tes OC
Abstract. Suramadu Bridge, which will connect Surabaya and Madura, is designed to have 5,438 m total span. Considering bridge construction that is above sea and huge design load on its pile foundations, conventional static loading test can not be performed at the main bridge. Alternative pile load test that can be performed is OC Test, which followed Osterberg Cell Test procedure. Equipped with load cell, telltale, and strain gauge, this test can provide load-displacement curve of end bearing and skin friction at any depth. Soil investigation result shows existence of clay-shale layer, which contains montmorillonite, at bore pile’s location. This soil is sensitive to lateral pressure reduction caused by boring and weathering process so that strength reduction can occur. Strength reduction of soil makes end bearing and skin friction difficult to be predicted. Strength reduction effect toward end bearing and skin friction are determined by means of comparing OC Test result to prediction result based on common empirical correlation. For end bearing, OC Test result shows value that close to prediction result’s. Therefore, strength reduction of end bearing caused by boring is relative small. On the other hand, skin friction measurement result shows that its value is much smaller than prediction result’s. For increasing bearing capacity, grouting through the pile base was conducted. Test result shows increasing of value either end bearing and skin friction after grouting through the pile base. Compared to end bearing’s value, skin friction’s value rise more and close to prediction value.
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