The Influence of Motorcyclists’ Attitudes on Traffic Accidents and Offences

D. M. Priyantha Wedagama

Abstract


Abstract

This study aims at identifying determinants of motorcyclists’s attitudes and analysing their influences on the occurrence of traffic accidents and offences. A self-reported questionnaire survey was distributed in year 2016 among a representative sample of motorcyclists in Denpasar, Bali. The questionnaire consisted variables of socioeconomic factors, the use of motorcycle and riding history, learning method and experience on riding motorcycles, motorcyclist attitudes and involvement in traffic accidents and offences. The results show that age and education level influenced learning method and experiences variables while gender did on motorcyclists’ attitude. In addition, learning method and experience and motorcyclists’ attitudes on the road were two significant factors respectively that negatively affected motorcyclists’ involvement in traffic accidents and offences. In other words, ages, education level and gender have significant indirect influences on motorcyclists’ involvement in traffic accidents and offences. The influence of gender implies that compared to females, male motorcyclists are more likely to fail giving priority and violate parking signs. In comparison with females, male motorcyclists therefore, are more likely to get involved in traffic accidents and offences. Interestingly, this study indicated that motorcyclists with a higher education were not a guarantee not to involve in traffic accidents and offences.

Abstrak


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk identifikasi faktor-faktor penentu sikap pengendara sepeda motor dan pengaruhnya terhadap terjadinya pelanggaran dan kecelakaan lalu lintas. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada tahun 2016 dengan menyebarkan kuesioner kepada pengendara sepeda motor di Denpasar, Bali. Kuesioner memuat variabel-variabel sosial ekonomi, rekam penggunaan sepeda motor, teknik latihan dan pengalaman berkendara dengan sepeda motor, sikap pengendara motor dan keterlibatan terkait pelanggaran dan kecelakaan lalu lintas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa usia dan tingkat pendidikan berpengaruh kepada teknik latihan dan pengalaman berkendara sementara jenis kelamin berpengaruh pada sikap pengendara sepeda motor. Teknik latihan dan berkendara dan sikap pengendara sepeda motor adalah dua faktor penting yang berdampak negatif terhadap keterlibatan pengendara sepeda motor dalam pelanggaran dan kecelakaan lalu lintas. Usia, tingkat pendidikan dan jenis kelamin memiliki pengaruh tidak langsung pada keterlibatan pengendara sepeda motor dalam pelanggaran dan kecelakaan lalu lintas. Pengendara sepeda motor pria, dibandingkan dengan wanita, mempunyai kemungkinan untuk tidak memberikan prioritas kepada pengendara bermotor lainnya dan pelanggaran rambu lalu lintas (parkir). Dengan perkataan lain, pengendara sepeda motor laki-laki di Denpasar, mempunyai kemungkinan terlibat pelanggaran dan kecelakaan lalu lintas. Penelitian ini juga memperlihatkan bahwa pengendara sepeda motor dengan pendidikan tinggi bukan jaminan tidak terlibat dalam pelanggaran dan kecelakaan lalu lintas.


Keywords


Motorcyclist’s attitude, road safety, traffic accidents, traffic offences.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chakrabarty, N., Gupta, K., and Bhatnagar, A., 2013, A Survey on Awareness of Traffic Safety among Drivers in Delhi, India. The Standard International Journals (SIJ) Transactions on Industrial, Financial & Business Management (IFBM), Vol. 1. No. 2, pp. 106-110.

Chen, C., 2009, Personality, Safety Attitudes and Risky Driving Behaviors-Evidence from Young Taiwanese Motorcyclists, Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 41, pp. 963-968.

de Winter, J.C.F., and Dodou, D., 2010, The Driver Behavior Questionnaire as a Predictor of Accidents: A Meta-Analysis, Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 41, pp. 463–470.

Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., and Anderson, R.E., 2010, Multivariate Data Analysis, 7th Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, New York.

Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., and Mullen, M., 2008, Structural Equation Modelling: Guidelines for Determining Model Fit, Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, Vol. 6. No.1, pp. 53-60.

Indriastuti, A.K., and Sulistio, H., 2010, Influencing Factors on Motorcycle Accident in Urban Area of Malang, Indonesia, International Journal of Academic Research, Vol. 2. No. 5, pp. 252–255.

Iversen, H., and Rundmo, T., 2004, Attitudes towards Traffic Safety, Driving Behaviour and Accident Involvement among the Norwegian Public, Ergonomics, Vol. 47. No. 5, pp. 555-572.

Joewono, T.B., and Susilo, Y.O., 2017, Traffic Violations by Young Motorcyclists on Indonesian Urban Roads, Journal of Transportation Safety and Security, Vol. 9. Issue Sup 1, pp. 236-261.

Joewono, T.B., Vandebona, U., and Susilo, Y.O., 2015, Behavioural Causes and Categories of Traffic Violations by Motorcyclists in Indonesian Urban Roads, Journal of Transport Safety and Security, Vol. 7. No. 2, pp. 174-197.

Lai, S.F., 2011, The Accident Risk Measuring Model for Urban Arterials. Paper presented at the 3rd International Conference on Road Safety and Simulation, Indianapolis, USA, September 14-16.

Lajunen, T., and Summala, H., 2003, Can We Trust Self-Reports of Driving? Effects of Impression Management on Driver Behavior Questionnaire Responses. Transportation Research Part F, Vol. 6, pp. 97–107.

Ramli, R., Oxley, J., Noor, F.M., Abdullah, N.K., Mahmood, M.S., Tajuddin, A.K., and McClure, R., 2014, Fatal Injuries among Motorcyclists in Klang Valley, Malaysia, Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Vol. 26, pp. 39-45.

Rhodes, N., and Pivik, K., 2011, Age and Gender Differences in Risky Driving: The Roles of Positive Affect and Risk Perception, Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 43. No. 3, pp. 923-931.

Susilo, Y.O., Joewono, T.B., and Vandebona, U., 2015, Reasons underlying Behaviour of Motorcyclists Disregarding Traffic Regulations in Urban Areas of Indonesia. Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 75, pp. 272-284.

Ulleberg, P., and Rundmo, T., 2003, Personality, Attitudes and Risk Perception as Predictors of Risky Driving Behavior among Young Drivers, Safety Science, Vol. 41, pp. 427–443.

Wedagama, D.M.P., 2009a, Predicting The Influence of Accident Related Factors on Motorcycle Fatal Accidents Using Logistic Regression (Case Study: Tabanan, Bali), Jurnal Teknik Sipil - Institut Teknologi Bandung, Vol. 16. No. 1, pp. 29-37.

Wedagama, D.M.P., 2009b, The Influence of Young and Male Motorists Accident Factors on Motorcycle Injuries in Bali, Journal of International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences (IATSS) Research, Vol. 33. No. 2, pp. 64-75.

Wedagama, D.M.P., and Dissanayake, D., 2010a, Analysing Motorcycle Injuries on Arterial Roads in Bali using a Multinomial Logit Model, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 8, pp. 1892 -1904.

Wedagama, D.M.P., and Dissanayake, D., 2010b, The Influence of Accident Related Factors on Road Fatalities Considering Bali Province in Indonesia as a Case Study, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 8, pp. 1905 -1917.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fjts.2017.24.2.2

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


web
analytics

Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License