Efektivitas Serat Jerami Padi sebagai Lapisan Penutup Permukaan Tanah dalam Kendali Erosi Lereng

Abdul Rivai Suleman

Abstract


Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis efektivitas serat jerami padi sebagai lapisan penutup permukaan tanah dalam kendali erosi lereng. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan 3 variasi intensitas hujan 50 mm/jam, 100 mm/jam, 120 mm/jam. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan efektivitas serat jerami padi pada lapisan penutup dengan persentase 30% tereduksi jika dibandingkan tanpa lapisan penutup. Besarnya laju erosi persentase 30% atau berat kering 38,7 gr/m2 rata-rata sebesar 17,068%. Dengan kata lain, laju erosi tanpa lapisan penutup tereduksi ratarata sebesar 82,932%. Demikian pula efektivitas serat jerami padi dengan persentase 60% dan 90% atau berat kering145,1 gr/m2 dan 354,8 gr/m2 juga tereduksi jika dibandingkan tanpa lapisan penutup. Besarnya laju erosi pada persentase 60% rata-rata sebesar 7,216% dan persentase 90% rata-rata sebesar 4,392%. Dengan kata lain, laju erosi tanpa lapisan penutup tereduksi rata-rata sebesar 92,784% persentase 60% dan rata-rata 95,608% persentase 90%.

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of rice straw fiber as a cover of surface soil in slope erosion control. This research was conducted by three variations of rainfall intensity that is 50 mm/hour, 100 mm/hour, 120 mm/ hour. The results of this study indicate the effectiveness of the rice straw fibers in the covered layer with a percentage of 30% reduced when it compared to uncovered layer. The amount of erosion rate withpercentage of 30% or with a dry weight of 38.7 g/m2p have average of 17.068%. In other words, the rate of erosion without covered layer is reduced by an average of 82.932%. Similarly, the effectiveness of the rice straw fibers with a percentage of 60% and 90% or dryweight of 145,1 gr/m2 and 354.8 g/m2 is also reduced when compared to uncovered layer. The amount of erosion rate with a percentage of 60% have an average of 7.216% and the percentage of 90% have an average of 4.392%. In other words, the erosion rate without covered layer is reduced by an average of 92.784% at percentage of 60% and an average of 95.608% at percentage of 90%.


Keywords


Efektivitas, serat jerami padi, intensitas hujan, kendali erosi lereng.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fjts.2017.24.1.8

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