Seismic Response Validation of Simulated Soil Models to Vertical Array Record During A Strong Earthquake

Authors

  • Rena Misliniyati Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132
  • Lindung Zalbuin Mase Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Bengkulu, Jalan W.R. Supratman, Bengkulu 38371A,
  • Masyhur Irsyam Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132
  • Hendriawan Hendriawan Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132
  • Andika Sahadewa Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2019.51.6.3

Keywords:

Kobe earthquake, Port Island, soil models, seismic ground response analyses, vertical array record, strong earthquake

Abstract

Several soil models, such as linear elastic, equivalent linear, and non-linear models, are employed in seismic ground response analysis. The aim of this study was to validate the seismic responses at ground surface of several soil models with the vertical array record of the Kobe earthquake. One-dimensional seismic response analyses were performed at Port Island using several soil models. The responses at ground surface from the simulated soil models were validated with the vertical array record of the Kobe earthquake. The results showed that the extended hyperbolic model yielded the most appropriate response according to the Kobe earthquake's recorded motion. This means that this model can be considered a suitable soil model to predict the response of strong earthquakes. In general, the results support the recommendation to select the most appropriate soil model for seismic ground response analysis.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Hashash, Y.M.A., Phillips, C. & Groholski, D.R., Recent Advances in Non-linear Site Response Analysis, Proceeding of the 5th International Conference in Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, San Diego, California, May 24-29, USA, 2010.

Mase, L.Z., Likitlersuang, S., Tobita, T., Chaiprakaikeow, S. & Soralump, S., Local Site Investigation of Liquefied Soils Caused by Earthquake in Northern Thailand, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, pp. 1-24, 2018.

Schnabel, P.B., Lysmer, J. & Seed, H.B., SHAKE: A Computer Program for Earthquake Response Analysis of Horizontally Layered Sites, Rep. No. EERC 72-12, College of Engineering, University of Berkeley, California, 1972.

Finn, W.D.L., Lee K.W. & Martin G.R., An Effective Stress Model for Liquefaction, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering Division ASCE, 103(1), pp. 517-531, 1977.

Hashash, Y.M.A., Musgrove, M.I., Harmon, J.A., Groholski, D.R., Phillips, C.A. & Park, D., DEEPSOIL 7.1, User Manual, University of Illinois at Urbana-Campaign, 2017.

Bardet, J. P., & Tobita, T., NERA: A Computer Program for Non-linear Earthquake Site Response Analyses of Layered Soil Deposits, University of Southern California, United States, 2001.

Elgamal, A., Yang, Z. & Lu, J., Cyclic1D: Seismic Ground Response User Manuals for Version 1.4, Department of Structural Engineering, University of California, United States, 2015.

Iai, S., Matsunaga, Y. & Kameoka, T., Strain Space Plasticity Model for Cyclic Mobility, Soils and Foundations, 32(2), pp. 1-15, 1992.

Mase, L.Z., Likitlersuang, S. & Tobita, T., Non-linear Site Response Analysis of Soil Sites in Northern Thailand during the Mw 6.8 Tarlay Earthquake, Engineering Journal, 22(3), pp. 291-303, 2018.

Mase, L.Z., Reliability Study of Spectral Acceleration Designs Against Earthquakes in Bengkulu City, Indonesia, International Journal of Technology, 9(5), pp. 910-924, 2018.

Martin, G.R., Finn L.W.D. & Seed H.B., Fundamentals of Liquefaction under Cyclic Loading, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, 101(GT5), pp. 423-428, 1975.

Elgamal, A., Yang, Z. & Lu, J., Cyclic1D: A Computer Program for Seismic Ground Response, Report No. SSRP-06/05, University of California, San Diego, 2006.

Finn, W.D.L., Martin, G.R., & Lee, M.K.W., Comparison of Dynamic Analyses for Saturated Sands, Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, ASCE, GT Special Conference, 1(1), pp. 472-491, 1978.

Masuda, T., Study on Damage to Electric Facilities due to Earthquake and Remedial Measures Against It, Doctoral Thesis, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 2001.

Iwan, W.D., On a Class of Models for the Yielding Behaviour of Continuous and Composite Systems, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 34(1), pp. 612-617, 1967.

Mroz, Z., On the Description of Anisotropic Work Hardening, Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 15(1), pp.163-175, 1967.

Itaca Consulting Group, Fast Langrangian Analysis of Continua-User Manual, Minnesota, USA, 2018.

Mase, L.Z., Liquefaction Potential Analysis along Coastal Area of Bengkulu Province due to the 2007 Mw 8.6 Bengkulu Earthquake, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, 4(6), pp. 721-736, 2017.

Mase, L.Z., Tobita, T. & Likitlersuang, S., One-dimensional Analysis of Liquefaction Potential: A Case Study in Chiang Rai Province, Northern Thailand, Journal of Japanese Society of Civil Engineers, Ser A1 (Structural Engineering/Earthquake Engineering), 73(4), pp. I_135-I_147, 2017.

Matasovic, N., Seismic Response of Composite Horizontally-Layered Soil Deposits, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1993.

Bommer, J.J. & Martnez-Pereira, A., Strong Motion Parameters: Definition, Usefulness and Predictability, Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Auckland, 30 January-4 February, New Zealand, 2000.

Kramer, S.L., Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering, ed. 1, Prentice Hall, 1996.

Seismosoft, SeismoSignal Program, Seismosoft, http://www.seismosoft.com, (April 2018).

National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED), The Kobe Earthquake Vertical Array Data, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience, http://www.bosai.go.jp/e/, (April 2018).

Wen, K.L., Chang, C.W. & Lin, C.M., Identification of Non-linear Site Response from Time Variations of the Predominant Frequency, Proceeding of the 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, October 12-17, China, 2008.

Hashash, Y.M.A. & Park, D., Non-linear One-Dimensional Seismic Ground Motion Propagation in the Mississippi Embayment, Engineering Geology, 62(1), pp. 185-206, 2001.

Arias, A., A Measure of Earthquake Intensity, in Seismic Design for Nuclear Power Plants, R.J. Hansen R.J. (ed.), pp. 438-483, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1970.

Campbell, K.W., Strong Motion Attenuation Relations: a Ten-year Perspective, Earthquake Spectra, 1(4), pp. 759-804, 1985.

Park, Y.J., Ang, A.H.S. & Wen, Y.K., Seismic Damage Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Buildings, Journal of Structural Engineering, 111(4), pp. 740-757, 1985.

Cabanas, L., Benito, B. & Herraiz, M., An Approach to the Measurement of the Potential Structural Damage of Earthquake Ground Motions, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 26(1), pp.79-92, 1997.

Von Thun, J.L., Rochim, L.H., Scott, G.A. & Wilson, J.A., Earthquake Ground Motions for Design and Analysis of Dams, Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics II - Recent Advances in Ground-Motion Evaluation, Geotechnical Special Publication, 20(1), pp. 463-481, 1988.

Nuttli, O.W., The Relation of Sustained Maximum Ground Acceleration and Velocity to Earthquake Intensity and Magnitude, Miscellaneous Paper S-71-1, Report 16, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, 1979.

Benjamin, J.R. & Associates, A Criterion for Determining Exceedance of the Operating Basis Earthquake, EPRI Report NP-5930, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California, USA, 1988.

Sarma, S.K. & Yang K.S., An Evaluation of Strong Motion Records and a New Parameter A95, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 15(1), pp. 119-132, 1987.

Rathje, E.M., Abrahamson, N.A., & Bray, J.D., Simplified Frequency Content Estimates of Earthquake Ground Motions, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 124(2), pp. 150-159, 1998.

Cubrinovski, M., Ishihara, K., & Tanizawa, F., Numerical simulation of the Kobe Port Island Liquefaction, Proceeding of the 11th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Acapulco, 23-28 June, Mexico, 1996.

Haddadi, H., Shakal, A., Stephens, C., Savage, W., Huang, M., Leith, W. & Parrish, J., Centre for Engineering Strong-Motion Data (CESMD), Proceedings of the 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, October 12-17, China, 2008.

Mase, L.Z., Likitlersuang, S. & Tobita, T., Analysis of Seismic Ground Response Caused During Strong Earthquake in Northern Thailand, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 114(1), pp. 113-126, 2018.

Finn, W.D.L., Emery, J.J. & Gupta Y.P., Liquefaction of Large Samples of Saturated Sand on a Shaking Table, Proceedings of the lst Canadian Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, British Columbia, May 25-26, Canada, 1971.

Byrne, P.M., A Cyclic Shear Volume Coupling and Pore Pressure Model for Sand, Proceeding of the 2nd International Conference on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, St. Louis, Missouri, March 11-15, USA, 1991.

Yoshida, N., Seismic Ground Response Analysis, Springer, 2015.

Misliniyati, R., Sahadewa, A. & Hendriyawan, Irsyam, M., Parametric Study of One-Dimensional Seismic Site Response Analyses Based on Local Soil Condition of Jakarta, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, 51(3), pp. 392-410, 2019.

Jafarian, Y., Vakili, R, Sadeghi A.R, Sharafi, H. & Baziar, M.H., A New Simplified Criterion for The Assessment of Field Liquefaction Potential Based on Dissipated Energy, Proceedings of the 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, October 12-17, China, 2008.

Mase, L.Z., Excess Pore Water Pressure and Liquefaction Potential due to Seismic Propagation and Simplified Energy Concept, Proceeding of the 2nd South East Asian Geoscience Student Conference, Yogyakarta, 22-27 August, Indonesia, 2016.

Downloads

Published

2019-12-31

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)