Determination of The Site Amplification on Deep Soil Layer Using 1-D Site Response Analysis (Case study: Jakarta City, Indonesia)


  • Delfebriyadi Delfebriyadi Faculty of Engineering, Andalas University, Kampus Unand Limau Manis, Padang 25163,
  • Masyhur Irsyam Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa No. 10, Bandung 40132,
  • Bigman M. Hutapea Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa No. 10, Bandung 40132,
  • Iswandi Imran Center for Earthquake Science and Technology Indonesia, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa No. 10, Bandung 40132,
  • Muhammad Asrurifak Research Center for Disaster Mitigation, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa No. 10, Bandung 40132,



deep soil layer, S-wave velocity, spectral acceleration, site amplification, site response analysis


The dynamic response of deep soil layers is used in the development of microzonation maps. The empirical correlation between standard penetratation blow count numbers and S-wave velocity was derived for practical purposes in site characterization based on local data in a case study in Jakarta, Indonesia. For estimating the intensity of potential earthquake shaking at the ground surface as a function of depth to the bedrock surface layer, 1-D site response analysis was carried out in 5745 simulations. The site amplification values were then evaluated by dividing the spectral acceleration (SA) at ground surface by the SA at rock outcrop. Plots of the SA amplification values at interested depth intervals of the bedrock surface layer were assigned. The results showed that the site amplification values estimated by considering the local depth of the bedrock surface layer were generally smaller than the SA amplification values from the Indonesian seismic building code SNI-1726-2012. Also, there appears to exist a tendency of lower levels of mean regression of amplification, in particular for the soft soil site class.


Download data is not yet available.


Boore, D.M., Estimating Vs (30) (or NEHRP Site Classes) from Shallow Velocity Models (Depths < 30 m), Bulletin of Seismological Society of America, 94(2), pp. 591-597, 2004.

Ridwan, M., Widiyantoro, S., Irsyam, M., Afnimar & Yamanaka, H., Development of an Engineering Bedrock Map Beneath Jakarta Based on Microtremor Array Measurements, Geohazards in Indonesia: Earth Science for Disaster Risk Reduction, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 441, pp. 153-165, 2016.

Indonesian Standard Code, Earthquake Resistance Design for Buildings (SNI 03-1726-2012), National Standardization Agency, 2012.

Hutapea, B.M., Asrurifak, M., Hendriyawan & Irsyam, M., Generation of a Pair of Surface Time Histories for Jakarta Used for Earthquake Resistance Design of Infrastucture, Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 77(11), pp. 17-24, 2015.

Irsyam, M., Dangkua, D.T., Kusumastuti, D. & Kertapati, E.K., Methodology of Site-Specific Seismic Hazard Analysis for Important Civil Structure, Civil Engineering Dimension, 9(2), pp. 103-112, 2007.

Misliniyati, R., Sahadewa, A., Hendriyawan & Irsyam, M., Parametric Study of One-Dimensional Seismic Site Response Analyses Based on Local Soil Condition of Jakarta, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, 51(3), pp. 392-410, 2019.

Delfebriyadi, Irsyam, M., Hutapea B., Imran, I. & Asrurifak, Zonation of Earthquake Hazard For Jakarta, Jurnal Teknik Sipil, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 24(2), pp. 159-165, 2017.

Yunita, H., Studi of Local Soil Condition Effects and Earthquake Sources in Soil Dynamic Responnse Analysis and Its Implementation in the Development of Jakarta City Microzonation Map, Doctoral Thesis, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia, 2013.

Ohta, Y. & Goto, N., Empirical Shear Wave Velocity Equations In Term Of Characteristic Soil Indexes, Earthquake Engineering Structural Dyanamics, 6(2), pp. 167-187, 1978.

Imai, T. & Tonouchi, K., Correlation of N-value with S-wave Velocity and Shear Modulus, Proceeding of the 2nd European Symposium of Penetration Testing, Amsterdam, pp. 57-72, 1982.

Prakoso, W.A., Shear-wave Velocity of Cemented Soils of Jakarta, Jurnal Teknik Sipil, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 18(3), pp. 301-308, 2011.

Bardet, J.P. & Tobita, T., NERA, A Computer Program for Nonlinear Earthquake Site Response Analyses of Layered Soil Deposits, Departement of Civil Engineering USC, Los Angeles, United States, 2001.

Seed, H.B. & Idriss, I.M., Soil Moduli and Damping Factors for Dynamic Response Analyses, University of California, Earthquake Engineering Research Center Reports No. EERC 70-10, 1970.

Schnabel, P.B., Lysmer, J. & Seed, H.B., SHAKE: A Computer Program for Earthquake Response Analysis of Horizontally Layered Sites, Report No. EERC 72-12, College of Engineering, UC Berkeley, 1972.

Seed, H.B. & Sun, J.I., Implications of Site Effects in the Mexico City Earthquake of Sept. 19, 1985 for Earthquake-Resistant Design Criteria in San Francisco Bay Area of California, University of California, EERC Reports No. UCB/EERC-89-03, 1989.

Idriss, I.M., Response of Soft Soil Sites during Earthquakes, Proceedings of the Memorial Symposium to Honor Professor Harry Bolton Seed, University of California, Berkeley, 2, pp. 273-290, 1990.

Abrahamson, N.A., Non-Stationary Spectral Matching Program RSPMATCH, PG&E Internal Report, 1998.

Asrurifak, M., Irsyam, M., Budiono, B, Triyoso, W. & Hendriyawan, Development of Spectral Hazard Map for Indonesia with a Return Period of 2500 Years using Probabilistic Method, Civil Engineering Dimension, 12(1), pp. 52-62, 2010.

Irsyam, M., Hendriyawan, Asrurifak, M., Ridwan, M., Aldiamar, F., Sengara, I.W., Widiyantoro, S., Triyoso, W., Natawijaya, D.H., Kertapati, E., Meilano, I., Suhardjono & Firmanti, A., Past Earthquakes in Indonesia and New Seismic Hazard Maps for Earthquake Design of Buildings and Infrastructures, Geotechnical Predictions and Practice in Dealing with Geohazards, Springer, 2013.

Irsyam, M., Sengara, I.W., Asrurifak, M., Ridwan, M., Aldiamar, F., Widiyantoro, S., Triyoso, W., Natawijaya, D.H., Kertapati, E., Meilano, I., Suhardjono, Hutabarat, D., Sidi, I.D. & Merati, W., Development of Seismic Hazard and Risk Maps for New Seismic Building and Infrastructure Codes in Indonesia, Proceedings of the 6th Civil Engineering Conference in Asia Region, Jakarta, 2013.







Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>