Preliminary Study on Treatment of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by Sand Filtration-DBD Plasma System

Authors

  • Ariadi Hazmi Department of Electrical Engineering, Andalas University, Kampus Limau Manis, Unand Padang, Sumatera Barat 25163,
  • Reni Desmiarti Department of Chemical Engineering, Bung Hatta University, Jalan Olo Nanggalo No. 19 Padang, Sumatera Barat 25137
  • Eka Putra Waldi Department of Electrical Engineering, Andalas University, Kampus Limau Manis, Unand Padang, Sumatera Barat 25163,
  • Primas Emeraldi Department of Electrical Engineering, Andalas University, Kampus Limau Manis, Unand Padang, Sumatera Barat 25163,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2016.48.1.3

Abstract

In the palm oil industry, open ponding, aerobic and anaerobic digestion, physicochemical treatment and membrane filtration are generally applied as conventional treatments of palm oil mill effluent (POME). In this study, a sand filtration-dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) system was investigated as an alternative process for treating POME. This system can reduce land usage, processing time and costs compared to conventional systems. The removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD5), and oil-grease in relation to the applied voltage were studied. Furthermore, the pH and temperature profiles were investigated. The obtained results indicate that the removal efficiency of COD, BOD5, and oil-grease increased with an increase of the applied voltage. The electrical energy consumption needed is about 10.56 kWh/L of POME.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

http://www.bps.go.id/linkTabelStatis/view/id/1026 (12 November 2015).

Wu, Y.T., Muhammad, A.W., Jahim, J.M. & Anuar, N., Pollution Control Technologies for the Treatment of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) through End-of-Pipe Processes, J. of Environmental Management, 91, pp. 1467-1490, 2010.

Desmiarti, R., Combination of Anaerobic Process and Membrane Filtration for Treatment Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME), Magister Thesis, Chem. Eng. Department of Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia, 1999.

Abdurrahman, N.H., Rosli, Y.M. & Azhari, N.H., Development of a Membrane Anaerobic System (MAS) for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Treatment, Desalination, 266, pp. 208-212, 2011.

Lukes, P., Clupek, M., Sunka, P., Peterka, F., Sano, T., Negishi, N., Matsuzawa, S. & Takeuchi, K., Pulsed Corona Discharge in Combination with TiO photocatalysis, Res.Chem. Intermed., 31, pp. 285-294, 2005.

Li, J., Sato, M. & Ohshima, T., Degradation of Phenol in Water Using a Gas-Liquid Phase Pulsed Discharge Plasma Reactor, Thin Solid Film, 515, pp. 4283-4288, 2007.

Sato, M., Soutome T., Mii S., Ohshima, T. & Yamada, N., Decomposition of Phenol in Water Using Water Surface Plasma in Wetted-Wall Reactor, International Journal of Plasma Environmental Science & Technology, 1, pp. 71-75, 2007.

Hazmi, A., Desmiarti, R., Waldi, E.P. & Darwison, D., Removal of Microorganisms in Drinking Water Using a Pulsed High Voltage, J. of Eng. Technol. Sci., 45(1), pp. 1-8, 2013.

Yulastri, Y., Hazmi, A. & Desmiarti, R. Application of Dieletric Barrier Discharge to Treat Palm Oil Mill Effluent, Jurnal Teknik Elektro, 2, No. 2, pp. 46-50, 2013. (Text in Indonesian).

American Public Health Association (APHA), (21st ed.), Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Washington D.C., 2005.

Legrini, O., Oliveros, E. & Braun, A.M., Photochemical Processes for Water Treatment, Chem. Rev., 93(2), pp. 671-698, 1993.

Sato, M., Degradation of Organic Contaminants in Water by Plasma, International Journal of Plasma Environmental Science and Technology, 3(1), pp. 8-14, 2009.

Downloads

Published

2016-02-29

Issue

Section

Articles