Vitamin E Extraction from Magnesium Salts of Palm Fatty Acid Distillates

Authors

  • Dianika Lestari Department of Food Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Let. Jend. Purn. Dr. (HC) Mashudi No. 1, Sumedang 45363, West Java, Indonesia
  • Khalisa Putri Aqilah Department of Food Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Let. Jend. Purn. Dr. (HC) Mashudi No. 1, Sumedang 45363, West Java, Indonesia
  • Salsafia Putri Department of Food Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Let. Jend. Purn. Dr. (HC) Mashudi No. 1, Sumedang 45363, West Java, Indonesia
  • Ardiyan Harimawan Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa 10 Bandung 40132, West Java, Indonesia.
  • Diky Mudhakir School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa 10 Bandung 40132, West Java, Indonesia.
  • Muhamad Insanu School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa 10 Bandung 40132, West Java, Indonesia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2022.54.1.2

Keywords:

Magnesium salts of PFAD, PFAD, saponification, solvent extraction, vitamin E

Abstract

This research studied how the type of organic solvent and the number of extraction stages affect the vitamin E cumulative extraction yield and recovery rate from Mg-PFAD. First, PFAD was saponified to produce Mg-PFAD, then vitamin E was extracted from the Mg-PFAD using ethanol, isopropanol, or hexane, followed by evaporation to produce vitamin E concentrate. Three-stage hexane extraction with a solvent to Mg-PFAD mass ratio of 3 kg solvent/kg Mg-PFAD produced the highest vitamin E recovery rate. Organic solvent with a lower polarity gave a higher extraction yield and recovery rate of vitamin E from Mg-PFAD. In general, an increase of the number of extraction stages led to an increase of the vitamin E extraction yield and recovery rate from Mg-PFAD.

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References

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Published

2022-01-28

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