The Effect of Linear Low-Density Polyethylene and Palm Kernel Shell Ash Mixture on the Physical, Mechanical and Degradation Properties of Paving Blocks

Authors

  • Chasri Nurhayati Baristand Industri Palembang Krmenperin
  • Nesi Susilawati Baristand Industri Palembang Krmenperin
  • Tri Susanto Baristand Industri Palembang Krmenperin
  • Winda Marthalia Baristand Industri Palembang Krmenperin
  • Aditya Krisna Nugroho Palembang Institute for Industrial Research and Standardization, Ministry of Industry of The Republic of Indonesia, Jalan Perindustrian II No 12, Palembang 30152, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Paisan Pane Palembang Institute for Industrial Research and Standardization, Ministry of Industry of The Republic of Indonesia, Jalan Perindustrian II No 12, Palembang 30152, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2022.54.3.7

Keywords:

linear low-density polyethylene, palm kernel shell ash, paving block, physical-mechanical properties, recycled LLDPE

Abstract

The aim of this research was to evaluate the physical-mechanical parameters of paving stones obtained on the basis of the mixture of linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) and palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) waste. The ratio of LLDPE to PKSA waste (% weight) was varied in five treatments: A0 (100:0), A1 (97.5:2.5), A2 (95:5), A3 (92.5:7.5), A4 (90:10) and A5 (87.5:12.5). The physical appearance, thickness, compressive strength, water absorption, and morphological characteristics of the paving blocks were observed. The blocks were observed at ambient temperature, exposed to sunlight, and placed on the ground surface on day 0 and day 365. The results showed that addition of PKSA waste decreased the compressive strength but increased the water absorption capacity without a significant effect on the thickness of the paving blocks. Observation after 365 days showed insignificant decreases of compressive strength and thickness, whereas the water absorption capacity increased slightly. Small cracks and more voids in the surface, and more brittleness were observed. To summarize, composites of LLDPE and PSKA as filler have physical-mechanical properties that can be used for road pavement blocks.

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Published

2022-05-30

How to Cite

Nurhayati, C., Susilawati, N., Susanto, T., Marthalia, W., Nugroho , A. K., & Pane, A. P. (2022). The Effect of Linear Low-Density Polyethylene and Palm Kernel Shell Ash Mixture on the Physical, Mechanical and Degradation Properties of Paving Blocks. Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, 54(3), 220307. https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2022.54.3.7

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